Bose–Einstein condensates

Bose–Einstein condensates are a state of matter in which all the constituent particles exist in their lowest energy level. The Pauli Exclusion Principle prevents more than one electron (an example of a fermion) per quantum state; however no such limit is imposed on particles known as bosons, such as helium-4 atoms.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    An optically coupled Bose–Einstein condensate of potassium atoms is used to engineer chiral interactions and perform the quantum simulation of a one-dimensional reduction of the topological Chern–Simons gauge theory.

    • Anika Frölian
    • , Craig S. Chisholm
    •  & Leticia Tarruell
    Nature 608, 293-297
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Ordinary vortex line defects are well-studied across different physical systems. Here the authors demonstrate, in atomic spinor Bose–Einstein condensates, previously unobserved vortex line defects with discrete polytope symmetries, which are of interest to quantum information applications.

    • Y. Xiao
    • , M. O. Borgh
    •  & D. S. Hall
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Adding to the significant interest in quantum computing schemes, this work focuses on classical analogs for which entanglement is not required. Specifically, this work demonstrates through micromagnetic numerical simulations the use of wavevector-selective parametric pumping to controllably initialize and manipulate a room-temperature two-component magnon condensate on the Bloch sphere and reveals the possibility of Rabi-like oscillations in the wavevector domain.

    • Morteza Mohseni
    • , Vitaliy I. Vasyuchka
    •  & Burkard Hillebrands
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Recent work has reported a realization of a time crystal in the form of the Bose-Einstein condensate of magnons in superfluid 3He. Here, the authors study the dynamics of a pair of such quantum time crystals and show that it closely resembles the evolution of a two-level system, modified by nonlinear feedback.

    • S. Autti
    • , P. J. Heikkinen
    •  & V. B. Eltsov
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Quantum magnets are a promising platform to aid in the search for a Bose-Einstein condensate and investigations into the underlying mechanisms of these materials are an active area of research. Here, the authors present a numerical study of the two-dimensional Kondo necklace model and consider the various phases which can occur under an applied magnetic field suggesting field-induced condensate phases may exist for the quantum magnet Ba2NiO2(AgSe)2.

    • Wei-Lin Tu
    • , Eun-Gook Moon
    •  & Hyun-Yong Lee

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