Bioinorganic chemistry

  • Article |

    Secondary multidrug transporters use ion concentration gradients to power the removal of drug molecules from cells. Here, Fluman et al. demonstrate that the bacterial transporter MdfA can catalyse the efflux of divalent cations in two consecutive transport cycles where each charged moiety is transported as if it were a separate substrate.

    • Nir Fluman
    • , Julia Adler
    •  & Eitan Bibi
  • Article |

    Thyroid hormone synthesis requires import of iodide ions through the Na+/I symporter, however its affinity for iodide is surprisingly low. Using a statistical thermodynamics approach, Nicola et al. show that sodium ion binding enhances iodide affinity, revealing a mechanism for iodide transport.

    • Juan P. Nicola
    • , Nancy Carrasco
    •  & L. Mario Amzel
  • Article |

    Light-driven proton-pumping rhodopsins are widely distributed in microorganisms and convert sunlight energy into proton gradients. Inoue et al. report the discovery of a light-driven sodium ion pump from marine bacteria.

    • Keiichi Inoue
    • , Hikaru Ono
    •  & Hideki Kandori
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Prion proteins are implicated in a range of neurodegenerative diseases, which are, in part, due to a disruption of metal homeostasis. Wattet al.use selective antagonists to show that prion proteins mediate zinc uptake by interacting with GluA2-lacking, GluA1-containing AMPA receptors.

    • Nicole T. Watt
    • , David R. Taylor
    •  & Nigel M. Hooper
  • Article |

    The transport of anions across bilayer membranes is achieved by ion channel proteins, but some small molecules are also able to mediate transmembrane movement of anions. In this study, the halogen bonding of small perfluorinated molecules is shown to allow the transmembrane movement of anions.

    • Andreas Vargas Jentzsch
    • , Daniel Emery
    •  & Stefan Matile
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The Na+/K+-ATPase pump exports three Na+ ions for the exchange of two K+ ions, and three transient current components have been associated with Na+ binding and release. Now, these three components are found to be tightly correlated confirming that the binding and release of Na+ions is sequential.

    • David C. Gadsby
    • , Francisco Bezanilla
    •  & Miguel Holmgren
  • Article |

    Proteorhodopsin is used by prokaryotes to generate energy from light. In this study, the authors describe a prokaryote-to-eukaryote horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial proteorhodopsin gene to dinoflagellates, suggesting that these eukaryotes can also use proteorhodopsin to obtain light and produce energy.

    • Claudio H. Slamovits
    • , Noriko Okamoto
    •  & Patrick J. Keeling
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The gastric proton pump, H+,K+-ATPase, contributes to stomach acidification and is a target of acid suppressants. Here, the three-dimensional structure of the pump is determined using electron crystallography, providing the first structural information about the binding of a new class of acid suppressants.

    • Kazuhiro Abe
    • , Kazutoshi Tani
    •  & Yoshinori Fujiyoshi