Atomic and molecular physics

Definition

Atomic and molecular physics it the study of the properties, dynamics and interactions of the basic (but not fundamental) building blocks of matter. A crucial component of this is understanding the behaviour of the electrons that surround the atomic nucleus; these dynamics dominate the way atoms and molecules interact with their environment.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Irradiating iron introduces defects such as interstitial dislocation loops, whose exact formation mechanism remains unclear. Here, the authors use large scale molecular dynamics simulations to reveal a punch out mechanism that can directly create < 100 > interstitial dislocation loops.

    • Qing Peng
    • , Fanjiang Meng
    • , Yizhong Yang
    • , Chenyang Lu
    • , Huiqiu Deng
    • , Lumin Wang
    • , Suvranu De
    •  & Fei Gao
  • Research | | open

    Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy has greatly advanced our understanding of molecular dynamics but was so far broadly limited to complex condensed phase probes. Bruder et al. extend the method to isolated nanosystems in the gas phase and study cold molecules in a superfluid helium environment.

    • Lukas Bruder
    • , Ulrich Bangert
    • , Marcel Binz
    • , Daniel Uhl
    • , Romain Vexiau
    • , Nadia Bouloufa-Maafa
    • , Olivier Dulieu
    •  & Frank Stienkemeier
  • Research |

    Degenerate and thermal Bose gases, quenched so that the interparticle interactions are as strong as allowed by quantum mechanics, exhibit dynamics that can be expressed in terms of universal functions.

    • Christoph Eigen
    • , Jake A. P. Glidden
    • , Raphael Lopes
    • , Eric A. Cornell
    • , Robert P. Smith
    •  & Zoran Hadzibabic
    Nature 563, 221–224
  • Research |

    The emergence of universal dynamics far from equilibrium is observed by evaluating spatially resolved spin correlations in a quasi-one-dimensional spinor Bose–Einstein condensate.

    • Maximilian Prüfer
    • , Philipp Kunkel
    • , Helmut Strobel
    • , Stefan Lannig
    • , Daniel Linnemann
    • , Christian-Marcel Schmied
    • , Jürgen Berges
    • , Thomas Gasenzer
    •  & Markus K. Oberthaler
    Nature 563, 217–220

News and Comment