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Crowdsourcing and citizen science are transforming the way that large-scale studies are conducted and helping to ignite public interest in scientific research. This collection represents some of our most recently published research in which the authors use collaborative techniques to explore their hypotheses.
Perovskite solar cells may become a valid alternative to silicon-based photovoltaics. Perovskites are inexpensive, easy to make, and good at absorbing light. Research is focussed on improving the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells to make them commercially viable.
The rapid growth of the global population has significantly increased energy consumption and pressure on the environment. New materials with intriguing physical and chemical properties provide opportunities to address these challenges. This Collection brings together original research focusing on the design and synthesis of nano- and micro-structured materials for energy and environmental applications.
There have been increasingly lively discussions about many published scientific results failing validation by independent studies. This so-called reproducibility crisis has led to criticisms of study design in animal research. Inappropriate statistical methods, poor experimental design, and extreme standardization in trial design may contribute to the problem. The purpose of this Collection is to present original methodologies to improve the status quo and to report meta-research about the reproducibility of published animal research.
Climate change and its risk to food security is growing societal concern worldwide.
In response to this threat a global research effort is underway to better understand the effects of these changes, most particularly heat and drought, on crop production, and devise ways for these issues to be surmounted.
This collection highlights some of our most thought-provoking articles on the topic: beginning with an overview of the effects of climate change on agronomy at the continental scale, we shift focus to the physiological responses of key food crops to heat and drought, the molecular mechanisms controlling those changes, and finally, how this understanding can be harnessed to help secure the future of crop production.
Mountains cover about a quarter of the world’s land surface and provide water and mineral resources, timber and non-timber forest products, and many other food, fiber and fuel products. This Collection provides a platform for interdisciplinary studies of mountain surface processes and their responses to climate change and human activities. Submissions are welcome in areas such as mountain ecology and environment change, degradation and restoration of mountain ecosystems, mountain plants and vegetation, dynamics of debris flows, landslides and soil erosion in mountain areas, and watershed management and development.
The field of metallurgy has made tremendous contributions to human civilization over thousands of years, but conventional metallurgical methods have limitations. Nanotechnology enabled metallurgy is an emerging interdisciplinary domain exploring how nanophases – both ex-situ and in-situ – can be engineered to significantly improve the physical, chemical and mechanical behaviors of metals and alloys. This Collection will present original research investigating how nanotechnologies can be applied to enable unprecedented micro- and nano-structure control and property tuning to improve the processing and manufacturing of metals and alloys.
This collection of research, review and comment from Nature Research celebrates the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice "for the discovery of hepatitis C virus".
Image: Springer Nature/The Nobel Foundation/Imagesource