Showing 1–50 of 12507 results

  1. Research | | Open

    • Advanced ceramic sponge materials with temperature-invariant high... ...However, the application of ceramic sponge materials is severely limited due... ...resistant SiO2-Al2O3 composite ceramic sponges by blow spinning and subsequent... ...anisotropic lamellar ceramic sponges with numerous stacked...
  2. Research | | Open

    • Sponges are the oldest known extant... ...cells and microbial symbionts in sponge heterotrophy. We combined stable... ...low-microbial abundance (LMA) sponge with single-cell resolution.... ...sources were assimilated by both sponges, higher microbial biomass in... ...sponge corresponded to an...
  3. Research | | Open

    • Sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica) is... ...draft genome sequence of the sponge gourd inbred line P93075 was... ...to the expansion of the sponge gourd genome. According to... ...analysis of conserved genes, the sponge gourd lineage diverged from the... ...or expanded in the sponge gourd genome, as...
  4. Research |

    • The predominantly deep-sea hexactinellid sponges are known for their ability... ...of one such species of sponge, Euplectella aspergillum, consists of... ...geometries, we show that the sponge’s diagonal reinforcement strategy achieves... ...we show that our sponge-inspired lattice geometry...
  5. Research | | Open

  6. Research | | Open

  7. Research | | Open

    • ...effective crosslinker for preparing gelatin sponges. Glutaraldehyde (GTA), genipin... ...through subcutaneous implantation of the sponges in rats. Adipose-derived... ...the cellular biocompatibility of the sponges. Cellular seeding efficiency and... ...time of the sponges were also evaluated....
  8. Research | | Open

    • ...transforming DOM into particulate detritus, sponges play a key role in... ...reefs via the so-called sponge loop. Coral mucus may... ...major DOM source for the sponge loop, but mucus uptake... by sponges has not been demonstrated.... ...of the warm-water sponge Mycale fistulifera and cold-...sponge
  9. Research | | Open

    • ...we demonstrate that an ultrathin sponge coating can achieve high-efficiency... ...resonators. By coupling an ultrathin sponge coating with the designed metasurface...
  10. Research | | Open

  11. Research | | Open

    • Deep-sea sponge grounds are vulnerable marine ecosystems... ...first time at a bathyal, sponge-dominated ecosystem in the high... ...the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization. Sponge biomass surface created from research... ...revealed 231,136 t of sponges in the area. About... ...the sponge...
  12. Reviews |

  13. Research | | Open

    • ...known about the role of sponge microbiomes in the Antarctic marine... environment, where sponges may dominate the benthic landscape... ...microbiomes from two abundant Antarctic sponges, Leucetta antarctica and Myxilla... ...analyses show that both sponges harbor a distinct microbial... ...sponge...
  14. Research | | Open

    • Marine sponges host bacterial symbionts with biotechnological... ...potential, yet isolation of true sponge symbionts remains difficult due to... .... Moreover, attempts to grow sponges for their pharmacologically-active compounds... ...we evaluate suitable sponge cultivation methods that...
  15. Research |

    • ...eight species of wild marine sponges (Porifera). We found... ...-neutral processes increases as the sponge host matures. Microbes that... ...were, however, incomplete: larval sponges shared, on average, 44... ...inconsistent across siblings, as larval sponges from the same parent shared...
  16. Research | | Open

    • Marine sponges host diverse communities of microbial... ...communities is highly variable across sponge species. Specificity in these... ...coral reefs by allowing individual sponge species to exploit unique sources... ...Given the presence of high sponge biomass and the coexistence of... ...sponge...
  17. Research | | Open

    • ...microbial research has focused on sponges, but very little is... known about how the sponge microbiome fits in the greater... ...Despite having lower OTU richness, sponges share the greatest percentage (... ...there is considerable variation among sponge species. Our results, furthermore...
  18. Research | | Open

    • ...clinical item, a hemostatic gelatin sponge, as a scaffold for... ...studies on the hemostatic gelatin sponge, and cultured preosteoblasts within... the sponge scaffold to demonstrate its osteogenic... ...In degradation assays, the gelatin sponge demonstrated good stability after being...
  19. Research | | Open

    • Sponges represent important habitats for a... ...(micro)organisms. Even if sponges dominate vast areas of the... ...have been performed on Antarctic sponge-associated bacteria. Using a... ...communities associated with 14 Antarctic sponge species from different sites within... ...among the sponge-...
  20. Research | | Open

    • ...stability and ecosystem functioning. Marine sponges host complex communities of microorganisms... ...We present the global marine sponge–microbiome network and reveal a... ...are linked by a few sponge species that share microbes with... ...structuring of the sponge microbiome when considering...
  21. Research | | Open

    • ...core bacterial communities of 19 sponge species from Nha Trang Bay... ...planktonic seawater bacteria to the sponge core microbiomes. To ensure... consistent sponge-microbe associations and accurate identification... ...with the definition of the sponge core microbiomes (present in... ...sponge...
  22. Research |

    • ...from transgenes. Termed 'microRNA sponges', these competitive inhibitors are... ...interest. When vectors encoding these sponges are transiently transfected into cultured... cells, sponges derepress microRNA targets at least... ...seed, such that a single sponge can be used to block... ...sponges...
  23. Research |

    • ...non-phototrophic organisms, such as sponges and radiolarians, also facilitate... ...that most burial occurs through sponge skeletons, which, being unusually... ...of sediments. The preservation of sponge spicules in sediments was 45... ...8% for diatom frustules. Sponges lead to a global burial...
  24. Research | | Open

    • Sponge-bacteria interactions are very important... ...the impact of interactions between sponges and bacteria (both associated... with and external to sponges) on sponge-associated microbial diversity, sponge metabolite profiles and bioactivity,... ...the study of sponge-bacteria interactions in...
  25. Research | | Open

    • Most sponges have biomineralized spicules. Molecular... clocks indicate sponge classes diverged in the Cryogenian... ...Cambrian in age. Therefore, sponges either evolved spiculogenesis long after... ...independent origins of spicules among sponge classes and presence of transitional... ...sponge...
  26. Research | | Open

    • ...commercially available polyurethane (PU) sponge with high porosity, low... ...The fabrication of a superhydrophobic sponge capable of efficiently separating oil... ...s designs. The original PU sponge was coated with zinc oxide... ...properties of the modified sponge were characterized, and...sponge
  27. Research | | Open

    • Sponges link the microbial loop with... ...by feeding on bacteria. Glass sponge reefs on the continental shelf... ...vertical flux alone. Unlike many sponges, the reef building species... ...carbon. To determine how reef sponges therefore get enough food to... ..., sediment and sponge tissues....sponges
  28. Research | | Open

  29. Research | | Open

    • For sponges (phylum Porifera), there... ...we developed a multilocus-based Sponge Identification Protocol (SIP) validated... ...by a sample of 37 sponge species belonging to 10 orders... ...their suitability and capacity for sponge identification. The highest Bit... ...classifying sponges at...
  30. Research | | Open

    • ...coated with hBN. This superhydrophobic sponge (with a contact angle... ...ultrasonication and immersion of the sponge in aqueous hBN solution,... ...excellent absorption performance, hBN-decorated sponges have great promise for real...
  31. Research | | Open

    • Excavating sponges are prominent bioeroders on coral... .... Here, the photosymbiotic excavating sponge Cliona orientalis from the Great... ...change and survival of the sponge were monitored over the height... ...strong metabolic dependence of the sponge on its resident symbionts.... ...sponges...
  32. Research | | Open

    • ...bacterial microbiome of used kitchen sponges by 454–pyrosequencing of 16S... ...dominance of Gammaproteobacteria within the sponge microbiota. Five of the... ...kitchen microbiome. Regular cleaning of sponges, indicated by their users,... ...in regularly sanitized sponges, thereby questioning...
  33. Research | | Open

    • ...This is particularly true for sponges, which are morphologically diverse... ...and approximate age of 16 sponge species on the Tibbetts shipwreck... ...determine the volume of individual sponges on the wreck surface,... ...greatest possible age of the sponges as 8.74 y.... ...Caribbean sponge...
  34. Research | | Open

    • A robust superamphiphobic sponge (SA-sponge) is proposed by using... ...is deposited on a commercial sponge by the polymerization of fluoroalkyl... ...exterior and interior of the sponge structure by a single step... ...inherent porous structure of the sponge and the hydrophobic property of...
  35. Research | | Open

  36. Research | | Open

    • Sponges host a remarkable diversity of... ...Here, we describe two new sponge species from deep-sea asphalt... ...based on their presence in sponge embryos and streamlined genomes,... ...expressed metabolic pathways in the sponges. Molecular and stable carbon... ...of sponges, although... ...sponges...
  37. Research | | Open

  38. Research | | Open

    • About 75% of extant sponge species use dissolved silicon (... ...higher than those in the sponge habitats, being unachievable in... ...65 mya) habitats where this sponge lineage diversified. Persistence of... ancestral uptake systems causes sponges to be outcompeted by the... ...sublittoral sponges...
  39. Reviews |

    • Marine sponges (phylum Porifera) often contain... ...up to 35% of the sponge biomass. The genome of... one sponge, Amphimedon queenslandica, was recently... ...sequence the genomes of uncultivated sponge symbionts have yielded the first... ...diversity of the sponge–microorganism association,...sponges
  40. Research |

    • Marine sponges are associated with a remarkable... ...associated with three Red Sea sponges, Hyrtios erectus, Stylissa carteri... ...testudinaria. We revealed highly diverse sponge-associated bacterial communities with up... ...detected from the Red Sea sponges, 11 of which were... ...in sponges for...
  41. Research |

    • Marine sponges are well known for their... ...sub-populations in relation to sponge phylogeny and sampling sites and... ...pyrosequencing was applied to 32 sponge species from eight locations around... ...to 364 different OTUs per sponge species. The taxonomic richness... ...diverse in sponges. Among...
  42. Research | | Open

    • Corals and sponges harbor diverse microbial communities that... ...well-established for corals and sponges, their functional roles are... ...metabolism in the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta. Higher abundance... ...in these coral and sponge microbiomes despite the taxonomic...
  43. Research |

    • Marine sponges often host diverse and species... ...functional genomic investigations of the sponge microbiome have focused primarily on... ...containing all publicly available microbial sponge symbionts increased phylogenetic diversity by... ...potential of a sponge-associated microbial community...
  44. Research | | Open

    • ...relationships of Planctomycetes with marine sponges, we designed a new... ...culture medium A incorporating marine sponge skeleton of Spongia sp.... ...incorporation of spongin-based marine sponge skeleton and heat aqueous filtrate... of sponge skeleton significantly improved growth of...
  45. Research |

    • ...the most aggressive coral-excavating sponges host intracellular dinoflagellates from the... ...are hypothesized to provide the sponges with autotrophic energy that powers... ...cells of the Indopacific bioeroding sponge Cliona orientalis. Combining stable... ...-hosting sponge cells within...
  46. Research | | Open

    • ...smother sessile organisms such as sponges. In order to provide... ...pathways of high turbidity, 5 sponge species, including heterotrophic and... ...of the surface of the sponges in a layer ~0.... ...thick. The response of the sponges was examined using a suite... ...of the sponge holobiont....
  47. Research | | Open

  48. Research | | Open

    • ...crabs, cockles, oysters and sponges significantly reduced viral abundance.... ...24 h, respectively. Breadcrumb sponges instantly removed viruses at high... ...Moreover, our finding that temperate sponges have the huge potential for...
  49. Research | | Open

    • Marine sponges (phylum Porifera) are hosts... ...-based microbiomes of four representative sponge species belonging to different orders... .... Overall, a more complete sponge microbiome profile was achieved by...
  50. Research |

    • Marine sponges often house small-molecule-producing... ...symbiosis between the renieramycin-containing sponge Haliclona sp. and its... ...biosynthesis. In return, the sponge houses Ca. E. renieramycinifaciens... ...a single clade of Haliclona sponges. Our study reveals intracellular... ...sponges...