Two decades of fumigation data from the Soybean Free Air Concentration Enrichment facility

  • Elise Kole Aspray
  • Timothy A. Mies
  • Elizabeth A. Ainsworth
Data Descriptor



  • We present an extension to the Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS) for motion data. Motion data is frequently recorded alongside human brain imaging and electrophysiological data. The goal of Motion-BIDS is to make motion data interoperable across different laboratories and with other data modalities in human brain and behavioral research. To this end, Motion-BIDS standardizes the data format and metadata structure. It describes how to document experimental details, considering the diversity of hardware and software systems for motion data. This promotes findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable data sharing and Open Science in human motion research.

    • Sein Jeung
    • Helena Cockx
    • Julius Welzel
    CommentOpen Access
  • Developing Earth science data products that meet the needs of diverse users is a challenging task for both data producers and service providers, as user requirements can vary significantly and evolve over time. In this comment, we discuss several strategies to improve Earth science data products that everyone can use.

    • Zhong Liu
    • Tian Yao
    CommentOpen Access
  • Curated resources that support scientific research often go out of date or become inaccessible. This can happen for several reasons including lack of continuing funding, the departure of key personnel, or changes in institutional priorities. We introduce the Open Data, Open Code, Open Infrastructure (O3) Guidelines as an actionable road map to creating and maintaining resources that are less susceptible to such external factors and can continue to be used and maintained by the community that they serve.

    • Charles Tapley Hoyt
    • Benjamin M. Gyori
    CommentOpen Access
  • The solution of the longstanding “protein folding problem” in 2021 showcased the transformative capabilities of AI in advancing the biomedical sciences. AI was characterized as successfully learning from protein structure data, which then spurred a more general call for AI-ready datasets to drive forward medical research. Here, we argue that it is the broad availability of knowledge, not just data, that is required to fuel further advances in AI in the scientific domain. This represents a quantum leap in a trend toward knowledge democratization that had already been developing in the biomedical sciences: knowledge is no longer primarily applied by specialists in a sub-field of biomedicine, but rather multidisciplinary teams, diverse biomedical research programs, and now machine learning. The development and application of explicit knowledge representations underpinning democratization is becoming a core scientific activity, and more investment in this activity is required if we are to achieve the promise of AI.

    • Christophe Dessimoz
    • Paul D. Thomas
    CommentOpen Access
  • As the number of cloud platforms supporting scientific research grows, there is an increasing need to support interoperability between two or more cloud platforms. A well accepted core concept is to make data in cloud platforms Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR). We introduce a companion concept that applies to cloud-based computing environments that we call a Secure and Authorized FAIR Environment (SAFE). SAFE environments require data and platform governance structures and are designed to support the interoperability of sensitive or controlled access data, such as biomedical data. A SAFE environment is a cloud platform that has been approved through a defined data and platform governance process as authorized to hold data from another cloud platform and exposes appropriate APIs for the two platforms to interoperate.

    • Robert L. Grossman
    • Rebecca R. Boyles
    • Stan Ahalt
    CommentOpen Access