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Volume 48 Issue 7, July 2016

Focus Review

  • This review focused on the various polymers composed of trimethylene carbonate (TMC) units and ethylene glycol (EG) units. Poly(TMC) is a biodegradable polymer that is used in biomedical materials. It has been reported that its combination with oligo(EG) and poly(EG) would offer a useful approach. In addition, monomer design and polymer reactions are available. These polymers, including TMC and EG units, are useful in preparing various nanostructures and they have the potential for application in biomedical materials.

    • Hiroharu Ajiro
    • Yoshiaki Haramiishi
    • Mitsuru Akashi
    Focus Review


  • The antigen-loaded liposomes modified with pH-sensitive polymers and adjuvants were taken up by dendritic cells and induced fusion with endosomal membranes, responding to the acidic pH inside of the endosomes, thus causing the transfer of the antigen into the cytosol, as shown in the fluorescence microscopic image (green: fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled antigen, red: liposome). As a result, cross-presentation is promoted, leading to the induction of cellular immunity. In addition, the dendritic cells are activated by adjuvants, which causes the activation of cellular immunity, resulting in therapeutic effects on tumor-bearing mice.

    • Eiji Yuba
    Focus Review
  • This report reviews the seminal features and characteristics of free-standing polymeric ultrathin films (nanosheets), including fabrication methods, mechanical properties and biomedical and health-care applications (for example, wound dressings, tissue engineering materials and bioelectronic devices). ‘Nanosheet technology’ is a promising approach for the development of advanced medical applications and health-care practices in surgery and regenerative medicine, as well as for connecting the human body to electronic interfaces for future medical applications.

    • Toshinori Fujie
    Focus Review
  • In this focus review, we overview our recent works on acyclic artificial nucleic acids (XNAs). Three acyclic XNAs, D-aTNA, SNA and L-aTNA have been developed. D-aTNA can form extremely stable homo-duplex, whereas it shows a high orthogonality with natural nucleic acids. SNA oligomers can change their helicity and chirality depending on sequences. L-aTNA can form stable duplexes with both DNA and RNA. Owing to unique properties of these XNAs, they should find application as tools in biology, biotechnology and nanotechnology.

    • Hiromu Kashida
    • Keiji Murayama
    • Hiroyuki Asanuma
    Focus Review
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Original Article

  • Triptycene-based porous organic frameworks (POFs) with high BET (Brunauer–Emmett–Teller) surface and tailored micropore environments were prepared through a facile external knitting strategy. The functionalized POFs exhibited very high aliphatic amine vapor uptakes of up to 5 times of their own weight, and more than 30 times selectivity for aliphatic amines over n-hexane, and thus they open up new opportunities for environment-related applications.

    • Haijiang Wang
    • Lili Pan
    • Xikui Liu
    Original Article
  • Multivariate analysis of 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra successfully evaluated chemical composition and degree of branching value of radically prepared branched copolymers without assigning individual signals, although signals became broadened with increase in branching unit.

    • Tomohiro Hirano
    • Ryota Kamiike
    • Koichi Ute
    Original Article
  • The spatial distribution of bromine-labeled hydrophobic molecules—bromobenzene (BrBz) and 4-bromobenzylalcohol (BrBzOH)—incorporated in polymer micelles of poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA-b-PMMA) was investigated using anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS) near the Br K-edge. ASAXS analyses revealed that BrBzOH was homogeneously dispersed in the hydrophobic PMMA core of the PDMAEMA-b-PMMA micelle, whereas BrBz was excluded from the vicinity of the core–shell interface of the PMMA core. The results indicate that the spatial distribution of hydrophobic molecules in polymer micelles strongly depend on the polarity of the encapsulated species.

    • Ryosuke Nakanishi
    • Ginpei Machida
    • Isamu Akiba
    Original Article
  • Optically active polyurethane (OPU) derived from chiral tyrosine possesses a single-handed helical conformation and optical activity owing to the induced asymmetric force field in the chiral monomer. The regular secondary structure facilitates the formation of numerous interchain hydrogen bonds, which increases the crystallinity and thermal stability of OPU. The high-temperature infrared spectroscopy results indicate that the hydrogen bonding collapses before thermal decomposition. Both helical stereostructures and hydrogen bonding contribute to the decreasing of infrared emissivity for OPU.

    • Yong Yang
    • Chen Sun
    • Yiwei Zhang
    Original Article
  • Novel polymeric metal complex dyes with phenothiazine or carbazole derivative as donor and Zn(II) or Co(II) complexes as acceptors were synthesized for dye-sensitized solar cells. The dyes based on carbazole derivatives exhibited wider absorption spectra, and after replacement of the Co(II) coordinated ion with Zn(II), a bathochromic shift in the absorption spectrum was observed. The device sensitized by P3 exhibited the best photocurrent conversion efficiency (2.06%). Moreover, these dyes all exhibited excellent chemical and thermal stability.

    • Xu Chen
    • Ye Liu
    • Chaofan Zhong
    Original Article
  • Polyimide aerogel (PIA) was used to synthesize low-dielectric-constant polyimide composite films. Unlike silica aerogel composites, the polyimide aerogel composite films were synthesized solely based on polyimide. The films maintained the original thermal and chemical properties of polyimide contributing to their homogeneity. The presence of uniformly dispersed aerogel, the high-thermal decomposition and glass transition temperature of the PI–PIA sample films were confirmed by field emission scanning electron microscope, TGA and DSC analysis. The FE-SEM image of the PI–PIA film samples indicates that the PIA particles were well-dispersed in the film and retained their spherical shape.

    • Jinyoung Kim
    • Jinuk Kwon
    • Haksoo Han
    Original Article
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  • Microrod patterns were fabricated on PDMS sheets utilizing porous silicon wafers as templates. The prepared microrod PDMS surface showed high water and oil contact angles. To discuss the mechanism, theoretical contact angles were calculated utilizing Wenzel model and Cassie-Baxter model, and compared with the measured values. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the microrod PDMS surface has self-cleaning property.

    • Shingo Tamesue
    • Eri Takahashi
    • Takeshi Yamauchi
  • Specific hydrolysis properties of microbial copolyester P(3HB-co-6%-3HHx) was found during super-heated steam treatment in a temperature range of 130–190 °C. From changes in diad sequences on 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, preferential and suppressive chain scission of HHx*HB and HB*HHx sequences, respectively, were determined. These specific reaction properties were considered to be contributed by higher steric propyl group in HHx unit than methyl group in HB unit, that is, promoting effect due to the concentration of HHx units in amorphous regions and suppressive effect due to steric hindrance and hydrophobicity of propyl group. Further, it was validated by the lowest-unoccupied molecular orbital analysis using a semi-empirical molecular orbital calculation method.

    • Dhurga Devi Rajaratanam
    • Hidayah Ariffin
    • Haruo Nishida
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