Development of polymer-wrapping methods for functionalization of carbon materials

Development of polymer-wrapping methods for functionalization of carbon materials

Coating of carbon surface by polybenzimidazole enables effective loading of metal nanoparticles, polymer grafting, polymer lamination and metal coordination



  • Distannylated dithiazologermole and germaindacenodithiazole were copolymerized with dibrominated benzothiadiazole and di(thiazolyl)benzothiadiazole to produce four new donor-acceptor conjugated copolymers. The optical, electrochemical, and thermal properties of the copolymers were characterized. DFT calculations revealed that these thiazole-containing copolymers possessed lower HOMOs and LUMOs than those of thiophene-based congeners, in accordance with the experimental results. The intramolecular noncovalent S‒N and N‒H bond interactions and the effects of the bridging atom (C or Ge) on the HOMO and LUMO energy levels were also suggested by the DFT calculations.

    • Weipeng Sun
    • Yohei Adachi
    • Joji Ohshita
    Original Article
  • Catechol-modified alginates (AlgDAs) with various catechol contents were synthesized and examined as adhesive materials. AlgDA exhibited high adhesive strength with mica and moderate adhesive strength with polymer resins, although this adhesiveness was not observed for sodium alginate. AlgDA with a relatively low catechol content exhibited relatively high adhesive strength, unlike other catechol-modified polymer adhesives. AlgDA residues were successfully removed from the used substrates by a simple water washing process. AlgDA is promising as a biobased adhesive material that contributes to a sustainable society.

    • Soi Inata
    • Hiromitsu Sogawa
    • Fumio Sanda
    Original Article
  • Sustainable and 100% biobased plastics, polyamide 11 (PA11), derived from nonedible plants are mixed with polypropylene (PP) and a reactive compatibilizer in a twin-screw extruder. It is found that PP/PA11 bioalloys exhibited surprisingly good impact strength without losing flexural modulus only when the morphology of the PP/PA11 bioalloys was well controlled at nano-meter level, such as “nano-salami” structure. This leads to overcome a past and traditional issues in biobased plastics, resulting in applying for automobile plastic parts. This technology would contribute to realizing “carbon neutrality”.

    • Jumpei Kawada
    • Masayuki Kitou
    • Keisuke Kato
    Technical Review
  • We fabricated polymer brushes using a novel concept, which involves block copolymer segregation from the polymer region at the water interface. The resulting polymer brush is called a dynamic polymer brush because block copolymer segregation is a dynamic process that occurs at room temperature and is activated through contact with water. Dynamic polymer brushes undergo self-organization in the processes of self-assembly and self-healing (if destroyed). The concept and physical characteristics of dynamic polymer brushes are discussed in this review.

    • Hideaki Yokoyama
    Focus Review Open Access
  • A series of amphiphilic diblock copolymers (PVAm-b-PVPin: m/n = 82/6, 72/26, and 70/74) with different block lengths of hydrophilic poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and hydrophobic poly(vinyl pivalate) (PVPi) blocks were prepared. PVAm-b-PVPin was synthesized from poly(vinyl acetate)-b-PVPi (PVAcm-b-PVPin) diblock copolymer via selectively hydrolysis. In water, PVAm-b-PVPin formed spherical polymer micelles with a PVPi core and a PVA shell. The hydrodynamic radius, light scattering intensity, and aggregation number of PVAm-b-PVPin increased with increasing PVPi block length. In contrast, the critical micelle concentration was reduced because of stronger hydrophobic interactions.

    • Thu Thao Pham
    • Seito Aibara
    • Shin-ichi Yusa
    Original Article
  • This focus review summarized current adhesives that are capable of macroscopic adhesion in seawater. The design strategies and performance of these adhesives were reviewed based on their bonding methods. Some future research directions and perspectives for under-seawater adhesives were discussed.

    • Hailong Fan
    Focus Review
  • The conformational relaxation of ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM) chains at the interface with a model filler of quartz was examined by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy in conjunction with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We found that the glass transition temperature (Tg) of EPDM was higher at the interface than in the bulk. Also, the conformational relaxation beyond the Tg was significant for ethylene units, but not for propylene units. This information might be useful in controlling the local conformation and dynamics of polymer chains at the interface.

    • Kiminori Uchida
    • Kazuki Mita
    • Keiji Tanaka
    Original Article
  • Microstructure-free strong all-wooden nanocomposites (AWNC) was directly made from the weak raw wood (RW) of paulownia, in which microscale wood fibers and void structures were dismantled into a fully consolidated structure containing nanofibrils (as the reinforcing phase) and noncrystalline cellulose, lignin, and hemicelluloses (as the matrix phase). This direct conversion was carried out through simultaneous chemomechanical densification/downsizing in three steps, including (1) partial delignification, (2) partial dissolution with IL or oxidation with TEMPO and ammonium persulfate (APS), and (3) hot pressing with cyclic pressurizing-depressurizing conditions.

    • Elmira Kaffashsaei
    • Hossein Yousefi
    • Mehrab Madhoushi
    Original Article
  • Various in situ measurement techniques have been applied to investigate changes in the three-dimensional structures and the physical properties of polyimides (PIs) generated at high pressures using a custom-built optical cell (up to 4,000 atm) or a diamond anvil cell (up to 80,000 atm). Moreover, the structural changes in the PI chain repeating units and interchain distances induced by the ultrahigh pressures were observed with WAXD, and they were compared with optical absorption, fluorescent and phosphorescent emission spectra, infrared absorption spectra, and refractive indexes observed under the same conditions.

    • Shinji Ando
    Focus Review Open Access