Before you submit
We recommend you consider the following before submitting your manuscript:
Check our aims and scope
Is your research relevant to the journal’s aims and scope? Click here to find out.
Is your manuscript within the scope of one of our open Collections? If you find a relevant Collection, you will have the option to select it when you submit your manuscript. If no Collection is relevant your manuscript can be considered for the journal’s general section.
Prepare your manuscript
Open access funding and payment
Do you understand the principles and benefits of open access? Are you aware of our article processing charges (APCs)? Do you need help identifying whether your research funder or institution funds open access publication? Learn more on our open access funding and payment page.
Explore our editing services for authors
Do you need help with English language or scientific editing? If so, we can help you. Visit the Springer Nature author services page to find out more.
Copyright and Creative Commons
Do you understand the implications for copyright of your work being published under a Creative Commons license? Learn more here.
Editorial and publishing policies
Have you read and understood our policies? Visit our editorial and publishing policies page to find out more.
Ready to submit your manuscript?
Once you have considered all of the areas on this page, you are ready to move onto the next stage. Please visit our online submission system to progress.