Before you submit

We recommend you consider the following before submitting your manuscript:

Check our aims and scope

Is your research relevant to the journal’s aims and scope? Click here to find out.

Guest-Edited Collections

Is your manuscript within the scope of one of our open Collections? If you find a relevant Collection, you will have the option to select it when you submit your manuscript. If no Collection is relevant your manuscript can be considered for the journal’s general section.

Prepare your manuscript

Have you prepared your manuscript in line with the journal’s submission guidelines? Consult our submission checklists and expanded guidelines to find out more.

Open access funding and payment

Do you understand the principles and benefits of open access? Are you aware of our article processing charges (APCs)? Do you need help identifying whether your research funder or institution funds open access publication? Learn more on our open access funding and payment page.

Explore our editing services for authors

Do you need help with English language or scientific editing? If so, we can help you. Visit the Springer Nature author services page to find out more.

Copyright and Creative Commons

Do you understand the implications for copyright of your work being published under a Creative Commons license? Learn more here.

Editorial and publishing policies

Have you read and understood our policies? Visit our editorial and publishing policies page to find out more.

Ready to submit your manuscript?

Once you have considered all of the areas on this page, you are ready to move onto the next stage. Please visit our online submission system to progress.