Reviews & Analysis

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  • Prosocial behaviour involves acting with care towards oneself and others. In this Review, Malti and Speidel detail the development of prosociality, the effects of adversity on this development, and interventions to foster prosocial outcomes.

    • Tina Malti
    • Ruth Speidel
    Review Article
  • Many people conceal some of their identities to successfully navigate intergroup contexts. In this Perspective, Le Forestier and Lewis propose a model of identity concealment that makes specific predictions about when people choose to engage in concealment that applies to a broad range of motives and identities.

    • Joel M. Le Forestier
    • Neil A. Lewis Jr
    Perspective
  • Awe has considerable psychological implications, but its multifaceted nature has hindered researchers in understanding the underlying processes. In this Review, Jiang et al. discuss how awe impacts the self and provide an integrative framework of the psychological consequences of awe.

    • Tonglin Jiang
    • Joshua A. Hicks
    • Matthew Vess
    Review Article
  • Young children learn the meanings of the words from limited information. In this Review, Babineau and colleagues synthesize the word-learning research landscape and detail the role of syntactic bootstrapping and related learning mechanisms.

    • Mireille Babineau
    • Monica Barbir
    • Anne Christophe
    Review Article
  • Declines in adolescent mental health over the past decade have been attributed to social media, but the empirical evidence is mixed. In this Review, Orben et al. describe the mechanisms by which social media could amplify the developmental changes that increase adolescents’ mental health vulnerability.

    • Amy Orben
    • Adrian Meier
    • Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
    Review Article
  • Emotional memories can be vivid and detailed but are prone to change over time. In this Review, Wardell and Palombo detail the malleability of emotional autobiographical memories, the role of narrative and the use of these memories in future thinking.

    • Victoria Wardell
    • Daniela J. Palombo
    Review Article
  • Changing behaviours might be central to responding to societal issues such as climate change and pandemics. In this Review, Albarracín et al. synthesize meta-analyses of individual and social-structural determinants of behaviour and the efficacy of behavioural change interventions that target them across domains to identify general principles that can inform future intervention decisions.

    • Dolores Albarracín
    • Bita Fayaz-Farkhad
    • Javier A. Granados Samayoa
    Review Article
  • Humans have a unique capacity for objective and general causal understanding. In this Review, Goddu and Gopnik describe the development of causal learning and reasoning abilities during evolution and across childhood.

    • Mariel K. Goddu
    • Alison Gopnik
    Review Article
  • Experiences of objects and features are biased to appear more like previously seen stimuli than they really are. In this Perspective, Manassi and Whitney describe this phenomenon of positive serial dependence and propose continuity fields as the underlying mechanism.

    • Mauro Manassi
    • David Whitney
    Perspective
  • Theories of how human cognition differs from that of non-human animals often posit domain-specific advantages. In this Perspective, Cantlon and Piantadosi posit that differences in domain-general information capacity underlie uniquely human capacities.

    • Jessica F. Cantlon
    • Steven T. Piantadosi
    Perspective
  • Off-job recovery and optimal work motivation are vital for reducing or avoiding work stress and promoting occupational health and work performance. In this Perspective, Kujanpää and Olafsen propose a dual-pathway model of proactive recovery strategies that delineates how individuals can self-manage their off-job time through proactive recovery strategies to optimize motivation across life domains.

    • Miika Kujanpää
    • Anja H. Olafsen
    Perspective
  • Visual temporal attention involves the prioritization of certain points in time at the expense of others. In this Review, Denison synthesizes experimental results and computational models of voluntary temporal attention and distinguishes it from related phenomena.

    • Rachel N. Denison
    Review Article
  • Personality is relatively stable over long timescales but remains malleable to some degree. In this Review, Jackson and Wright examine the mechanisms responsible for intentional and naturally occurring change as well as mechanisms that promote stability, thereby limiting potential change.

    • Joshua J. Jackson
    • Amanda J. Wright
    Review Article
  • Focal neuromodulation approaches are promising therapeutic options for challenging-to-treat neurological and psychiatric symptoms, but might indirectly or directly affect cognition. In this Review, Rabin et al. describe the cognitive effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation, deep brain stimulation and ablative techniques.

    • Micaela Wiseman
    • Isabella J. Sewell
    • Jennifer S. Rabin
    Review Article
  • Social emotions such as guilt and gratitude serve adaptive functions critical to social interactions and relationships. In this Perspective, Yu and colleagues argue that to advance a mechanistic understanding of social emotions, an integrative approach is needed that considers goals and functions, cognitive operations and biological implementation.

    • Hongbo Yu
    • Xiaoxue Gao
    • Xiaolin Zhou
    Perspective
  • A sense of belonging can provide LGBTQ+ people with the opportunity to thrive and promote psychological well-being. In this Review, Matsick et al. summarize factors that influence belonging based on sexual orientation and gender diversity using a multi-pronged approach.

    • Jes L. Matsick
    • Jude T. Sullivan
    • Jonathan E. Cook
    Review Article
  • Visual memory has traditionally been thought of as all-or-none, with items remembered perfectly or completely forgotten. In this Review, Brady and colleagues synthesize work that indicates that visual memory representations in working memory and long-term memory are not all-or-none but are instead noisy and hierarchical.

    • Timothy F. Brady
    • Maria M. Robinson
    • Jamal R. Williams
    Review Article