Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that primarily targets vulnerable motor neurons, resulting in muscle weakness and fatal paralysis.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuroinflammatory condition that affects the central nervous system and presents with various neurological and cognitive symptoms.
n most mammalian species, sleep can be divided into phases of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM sleep.
Advances in cell-reprogramming technology have made it possible to convert differentiated cells of one type into cells of a completely different origin and function, either directly or via the production of induced pluripotent stem cells.
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the most widely expressed and well-characterized member of the neurotrophin family in the mammalian brain.
The obesity epidemic has stimulated research to improve our understanding of how the brain regulates energy balance and food intake, and to identify potential targets for anti–obesity drugs. In the past few decades, numerous molecules have been implicated in the regulation of energy balance.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder with a relentless progression.
Pain is an unpleasant sensation resulting from the intricate interplay between sensory and cognitive mechanisms.
Adjustments in the strength of excitatory synapses in neural networks are important for memory storage and maintenance of homeostasis in the brain.