Articles in 2013

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  • Microsaccades are small, rapid eye movements that occur when we are attempting to fix our gaze on one spot. Martinez-Condeet al. review the physiology and functions of microsaccades and conclude that they form part of a continuum with larger saccades.

    • Susana Martinez-Conde
    • Jorge Otero-Millan
    • Stephen L. Macknik
    Review Article
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in humans, but the therapeutic options for TBI are limited. Xionget al. critically review animal models of TBI and discuss how studies involving such models could be improved to develop more-effective TBI treatments.

    • Ye Xiong
    • Asim Mahmood
    • Michael Chopp
    Review Article
  • In mice, increased eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-dependent translation causes an autism-like condition.

    • Darran Yates
    Research Highlight
  • Long-lasting memories require specific gene expression programmes that are, in part, orchestrated by epigenetic mechanisms such as histone acetylation. Gräff and Tsai review the roles of histone acetylation in memory and consider whether histone deacetylase inhibitors might have promise as therapeutic interventions against cognitive frailty.

    • Johannes Gräff
    • Li-Huei Tsai
    Review Article
  • The emergence of human cognition during evolution did not just involve mutations in brain-related genes. In this Review, Khaitovich and colleagues consider the contribution of human-specific changes in metabolism and gene expression, and their underlying mechanisms, to the human cognitive phenotype.

    • Mehmet Somel
    • Xiling Liu
    • Philipp Khaitovich
    Review Article
  • The recruitment of V2a interneurons to increase swimming speed in zebrafish is incremental and is determined by the combined effect of their excitatory synaptic currents and input resistance.

    • Monica Hoyos Flight
    Research Highlight