Butterfly wing photo

Nature-inspired micropatterns

By taking inspiration from the natural world, micropatterns can be designed with improved functionality and performance.


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    Topics soon to be featured include: Finite-difference time-domain methods, Protein film electrochemistry, Electrochemical surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and Materials under extreme conditions.

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    Never miss a Primer! The editors will be posting our newest content along with information about conferences and new developments in methods research.


  • To improve early-stage research in the field of RNA lipid nanoparticles, there are several best practices to be considered for the collection, interpretation and reporting of characterization data.

    • Omar F. Khan
  • To ensure a sustainable future and combat food scarcity, we must boost agricultural productivity, improve climate resilience and optimize resource usage. There is untapped potential for dense wireless sensor networks in agriculture that can increase yields and support resilient production when linked to smart decision and control systems.

    • Peter G. Steeneken
    • Elias Kaiser
    • Marie-Claire ten Veldhuis
  • New nanomaterials are being developed for efficient biomolecule delivery to plants. However, detection and quantification of plant cell entry are challenging and currently rely on subjective methods that lack proper controls. The necessary considerations of performing nanoparticle-mediated delivery in plants and how to accurately quantify delivery efficiency are discussed.

    • Gozde S. Demirer
  • Laboratory hardware is often custom made or significantly modified. To improve reproducibility, it is imperative that these novel instruments are properly documented. Increasing adoption of open source hardware practices can potentially improve this situation. This article explores how open licences and open development methodologies enable custom instrumentation to be reproduced, scrutinized and properly recorded.

    • Richard W. Bowman
  • Logic diagrams are employed in electrical engineering for visualizing switching circuits. However, their utility and applicability extend far beyond the technical sciences. Here, we argue that natural and social scientists alike should consider using logic diagrams in their research. For certain analytical problems, logic diagrams are a perfect fit.

    • Alrik Thiem
    • Zuzana Sebechlebská
    • Lusine Mkrtchyan
  • Data analysis relies heavily on computation, and algorithms have grown more demanding in terms of hardware and energy. Monitoring their environmental impacts is and will continue to be an essential part of sustainable research. Here, we provide guidance on how to do so accurately and with limited overheads.

    • Loïc Lannelongue
    • Michael Inouye