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Volume 19 Issue 8, August 2021

Volume 19 Issue 8

‘When two species become one’ inspired by the Review on p485.

Cover design: Philip Patenall

Research Highlights

  • Research Highlight |

    This study reports that Vibrio cholerae outer membrane vesicles protect the cholera toxin from degradative enzymes in the intestinal tract and deliver the active toxin to host cells by a porin-mediated mechanism.

    • Andrea Du Toit
  • In Brief |

    Analysis of endogenous viral elements reveals that bornaviruses already infected hosts 100 million years ago.

    • Ursula Hofer
  • In Brief |

    This study finds that a deadly skin disease in red squirrels is associated with a staphylococcal clone often acquired through spillover from other hosts.

    • Ursula Hofer
  • In Brief |

    Imaging and microfluidics reveal how corals can defend themselves against bacterial pathogens.

    • Ursula Hofer
  • Research Highlight |

    A recent study finds that sense codon reassignment enables phage resistance and encoded polymer synthesis in Escherichia coli.

    • Ashley York
  • In Brief |

    A recent study reports the efficacy of Wolbachia-infected mosquito deployments for the control of dengue fever in Indonesia.

    • Ashley York
  • In Brief |

    A recent study reports the discovery of bat coronaviruses that are closely related to SARS-CoV-2, including a virus that displays high sequence identity to SARS-CoV-2 in most genomic regions.

    • Ashley York
  • In Brief |

    This study reports the evolution of a bacterial enzyme that does not have an inherent RNA-binding activity into a virus-like nucleocapsid protein that efficiently packages and encapsidates copies of its own mRNA.

    • Ashley York

News & Analysis

  • Under the Lens |

    This month’s Under the Lens discusses the application of the quantitative image analysis software BiofilmQ to understand antibiotic-induced changes in Vibrio cholerae biofilms at single-cell resolution.

    • Divya Choudhary
    • Chloé J. Cassaro

Reviews

  • Review Article |

    In this Review, Steensels, Gallone and Verstrepen discuss the origin and evolution of fungal interspecific hybrids and provide examples of how hybridization produced useful hybrids for industrial fermentations but also resulted in the emergence of highly virulent pathogens.

    • Jan Steensels
    • Brigida Gallone
    • Kevin J. Verstrepen
  • Review Article |

    In this Review, Correa and colleagues revisit the rules of life for viruses of microorganisms by advancing a conceptual framework that recognizes virus–host interactions across a continuum of infection modalities and by examining the influence of these modalities on viruses, their hosts and ecosystems.

    • Adrienne M. S. Correa
    • Cristina Howard-Varona
    • Joshua S. Weitz
  • Review Article |

    The human body hosts vast numbers of different viruses, collectively termed the virome. In this Review, Liang and Bushman provide an overview of research on the human virome and highlight recent studies that explore the assembly and composition of the human virome as well as host–virome interactions in health and disease.

    • Guanxiang Liang
    • Frederic D. Bushman

    Series:

  • Review Article |

    In this Review, Leung provides an overview of the transmissibility and modes of transmission of respiratory viruses, the viral, host and environmental determinants of transmission, and common non-pharmaceutical interventions for mitigating respiratory virus transmission. She also discusses the recent controversies over aerosol transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes COVID-19.

    • Nancy H. L. Leung

    Collection:

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