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Volume 19 Issue 3, March 2021

Volume 19 Issue 3

‘Sweeping around the globe’, inspired by the review article on page 141.

Cover design: Philip Patenall

Comment

  • Comment |

    The integrative environment-health sciences including One Health, Conservation Medicine, EcoHealth and Planetary Health embody the transdisciplinary synthesis needed to understand the multitude of factors that underpin emerging infections and their management. Future successes in confronting and resolving the complex causal basis of disease emergence to generate robust, systems-oriented risk reduction strategies that preserve both human health as well as promoting sustainable futures represent the ‘Moon Shot’ for the integrative environment-health sciences.

    • Matthew C. Fisher
    • Kris A. Murray

Research Highlights

  • Research Highlight |

    A recent study found that prior infections enhance colonization resistance through a process whereby the host, prompted by transient infection, deploys the sulfonic acid taurine as a nutrient to train the gut microbiota and provide resistance to subsequent infections.

    • Ashley York
  • In Brief |

    This study shows that a large proportion of bacterial species in soil communities possess the enzymes to use inorganic energy sources such as trace gases.

    • Grant Otto
  • In Brief |

    This study found that deficiency of the spore surface monosaccharide anthrose increases the virulence of Bacillus anthracis.

    • Grant Otto
  • In Brief |

    This study reports the structure of the RhopH complex of Plasmodium falciparum and its assembly and trafficking.

    • Grant Otto
  • Research Highlight |

    This study provides evidence that an antisense RNA antitoxin is involved in persister cell formation by inhibiting transcription of a toxin and by inhibiting global translation.

    • Grant Otto
  • Research Highlight |

    This study suggests that m6A methylation promotes the clearance of reactive endogenous retrovirus-derived mRNA species.

    • Andrea Du Toit
  • In Brief |

    This study reports the development of a CRISPR –Cas9 therapeutic to target herpes simplex virus 1 and treat herpetic stromal keratitis in mice.

    • Grant Otto
  • In Brief |

    This study provides structural insights into how the rotavirus spike protein VP4 undergoes a conformational change to initiate host membrane disruption during infection.

    • Grant Otto
  • In Brief |

    This study shows that plant root barrier function and the root microbiota coordinate to maintain plant nutrient homeostasis.

    • Grant Otto

News & Analysis

  • Genome Watch |

    This month’s Genome Watch highlights the genomic traits underlying the ancestral association between endobacteria, which live inside arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, which reside within plants.

    • Esther Singer

Reviews

  • Review Article |

    In this Review, Shi and colleagues summarize the exceptional amount of research that has characterized acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) since this virus has swept around the globe. They discuss what we know so far about the emergence and virology of SARS-CoV-2 and the pathogenesis and treatment of COVID-19.

    • Ben Hu
    • Hua Guo
    • Zheng-Li Shi
  • Review Article |

    In this Review, Vandenberg et al. explore the crucial role of diagnostic tests during the first global wave of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the technical and implementation problems encountered during the early phase of the pandemic, and they define future directions for the progressive and better use of diagnostics during a possible resurgence of COVID-19 in future global waves or regional outbreaks.

    • Olivier Vandenberg
    • Delphine Martiny
    • Zisis Kozlakidis
  • Review Article |

    The fungal pathogen Pseudogymnoascus destructans, which causes white-nose syndrome in bats, has devastated bat populations in North America since its introduction from Eurasia in the 2000s. In this Review, Hoyt and colleagues describe the ecology of P. destructans in bats and its impacts on bats and the ecosystem.

    • Joseph R. Hoyt
    • A. Marm Kilpatrick
    • Kate E. Langwig

Perspectives

Amendments & Corrections

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