Review Articles

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  • In this Review, Motta and Moran explore recent research investigating the role of the gut microbiota in honeybee biology and health, as well as the environmental factors that can impair the microbiota and the potential strategies to restore a perturbed microbiota in honeybees.

    • Erick V. S. Motta
    • Nancy A. Moran
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Segata, Waldron and colleagues discuss important key concepts of machine learning that are relevant to microbiologists and provide them with a set of tools essential to apply machine learning in microbiology research.

    • Francesco Asnicar
    • Andrew Maltez Thomas
    • Nicola Segata
    Review Article
  • Beneficial biofilms are in demand for diverse applications ranging from the production of specialized compounds to roles in agriculture and bioremediation. In this Review, Gescher and colleagues provide an overview of the applications, challenges and future of beneficial biofilms.

    • Laura-Alina Philipp
    • Katja Bühler
    • Johannes Gescher
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Philippot et al. explore how soil microorganisms can affect the physical and chemical properties of soil and discuss the ecological and evolutionary consequences of these microbially driven shifts in soil properties. They also explore how microbially mediated changes in soil properties can be used to combat threats to soil health and other environmental challenges.

    • Laurent Philippot
    • Claire Chenu
    • Noah Fierer
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Vardi and colleagues examine the different microbial interactions that modulate algal blooms in the ocean, discuss the role of microbial chemicals in mediating such interactions and explore the latest technological developments aimed at deepening our understanding of cellular communication in the ocean.

    • Constanze Kuhlisch
    • Adva Shemi
    • Assaf Vardi
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Costa and colleagues summarize the current knowledge of type IV secretion system functioning in Gram-negative bacteria, with a focus on their architectures and adaptations for specialized functions. They also explore the biogenesis pathways and spatial localization of type IV secretion systems.

    • Tiago R. D. Costa
    • Jonasz B. Patkowski
    • Gabriel Waksman
    Review Article
  • In this Review, White and Sears examine recent evidence showing the link between the gut microbiota and colorectal cancer (CRC) and discuss the roles and mechanisms of specific microorganisms as well as of complex microbial communities in the pathogenesis of CRC.

    • Maxwell T. White
    • Cynthia L. Sears
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Meumann et al. discuss current knowledge on Burkholderia pseudomallei virulence and interaction with the host, and examine the epidemiology of melioidosis, offering insights into diagnosis, treatment and prevention strategies for this disease.

    • Ella M. Meumann
    • Direk Limmathurotsakul
    • Bart J. Currie
    Review Article
  • In this Review, McCallum and Tropini discuss physical and biological factors that affect microbiota biogeography and organization at different scales, starting with an overview of the whole gut at the macroscale and then zooming in to the scale of host and microbial interactions.

    • Giselle McCallum
    • Carolina Tropini
    Review Article
  • In this Review, He and co-workers explore the structure and diversity of the oral microbiota, and they discuss the role of the oral microbiota in the pathology of both oral and systemic diseases.

    • Jonathon L. Baker
    • Jessica L. Mark Welch
    • Xuesong He
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Rillig, Kim and Zhu review our current understanding of the soil plastisphere, including the members of the microbial community that are enriched, the possible mechanisms underpinning this selection and functional properties.

    • Matthias C. Rillig
    • Shin Woong Kim
    • Yong-Guan Zhu
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Lass-Flörl and Govrins explore the epidemiology, clinical manifestations and antifungal resistance of the Candida parapsilosis complex, and discuss diagnostics and new treatment approaches to tackle infections by these human pathogens.

    • Miriam Govrins
    • Cornelia Lass-Flörl
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Maillard and Pascoe examine the mechanisms of action of biocides, as well as the bacterial intrinsic and acquired resistance to these biocides and its implications in environmental and clinical settings.

    • Jean-Yves Maillard
    • Michael Pascoe
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Lockhart, Chowdhary and Gold discuss the global emergence and spread of three emerging antifungal-resistant fungi: Candida auris, azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus and Trichophyton indotineae, with the common thread that all three are currently emerging across the globe and have a high rate of acquired resistance.

    • Shawn R. Lockhart
    • Anuradha Chowdhary
    • Jeremy A. W. Gold
    Review Article
  • In this Review, de Nies, Kobras and Stracy examine the detrimental effects of antibiotics on the microbiota and the resulting associated infections. They delve into the interplay between antibiotic therapy, loss of colonization resistance, overgrowth of resistant bacteria and subsequent infections. They also discuss strategies to mitigate these risks and reduce antibiotic-associated infections.

    • Laura de Nies
    • Carolin M. Kobras
    • Mathew Stracy
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Russell and colleagues explore the interplay between immunity evolution from previous infections or vaccination and the evolution of seasonal influenza viruses. They explore functional constraints that limit virus evolution, within-host evolutionary processes that drive new variants and options for influenza virus control, including improving vaccine and antiviral effectiveness by overcoming viral and immunological barriers.

    • Alvin X. Han
    • Simon P. J. de Jong
    • Colin A. Russell
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Margolin and Cameron explore how the divisome of Escherichia coli is assembled and activated to modulate the division process, and discuss how the divisome machinery can be targeted for therapeutic purposes.

    • Todd A. Cameron
    • William Margolin
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Fishbein, Mahmud and Dantas discuss factors that influence restructuring of the gut microbiome on antibiotic exposure, and they explore promising therapeutic avenues aimed at minimizing antibiotic-induced damage to the microbiome or restoring the community structure post-treatment.

    • Skye R. S. Fishbein
    • Bejan Mahmud
    • Gautam Dantas
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Georjon and Bernheim provide an overview of the molecular diversity of the most recently discovered bacterial antiphage defence systems and discuss their evolution and the ecological impact of their diversity.

    • Héloïse Georjon
    • Aude Bernheim
    Review Article
  • In this Review, Langedijk and Bont discuss our current understanding of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) burden of disease, virus biology and pathogenesis, and host and viral factors related to immunity as a segue towards the development of novel RSV interventions.

    • Annefleur C. Langedijk
    • Louis J. Bont
    Review Article