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  • A study in spore-forming bacteria shows that phage-encoded sigma factors can disrupt dormancy.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • In this Review, Chandra, Grigsby and Philips discuss how Mycobacterium tuberculosis evades immune-mediated clearance while capitalizing on the host inflammatory response at different phases of its life cycle. They focus on recent studies, highlight gaps in knowledge and consider how our current understanding will inform new therapies, vaccines and diagnostics.

    • Pallavi Chandra
    • Steven J. Grigsby
    • Jennifer A. Philips
    Review Article
  • The ongoing monkeypox outbreak in non-endemic countries is likely to be a consequence of the failure to curtail the spread of the disease in endemic regions of Africa despite decades of constant outbreaks. A globally driven one health approach to prevention and treatment of the disease is essential to control present and future outbreaks.

    • Emmanuel F. Alakunle
    • Malachy I. Okeke
    Comment
  • This Genome Watch highlights how studying endosymbiotic gene transfer in more recently established endosymbioses sheds light on how the algal plastid evolved more than a billion years ago.

    • Bishoy Kamel
    • Alan Kuo
    Genome Watch
  • A field study investigates three different routes by which plant litter and soil microbiomes can disperse.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • A study on a marine bacterium shows that it can form multicellular aggregates, which enable division of labour.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • This study shows that flaviviruses promote the proliferation of acetophenone-producing skin commensal bacteria, which enhances mosquito attraction and thus flavivirus transmission.

    • Andrea Du Toit
    Research Highlight
  • A recent study uncovered the geographical origins of the Black Death pandemic, offering a new perspective on the phylogenetic polytomy that served as a foundation for the expansion of Yersinia pestis across Eurasia and North Africa more than 600 years ago.

    • Adrian Gonzalez Lopez
    Research Highlight
  • Bacteriophages are obligate parasites of their bacterial hosts; nevertheless, on a population level, phage–bacterium interactions can have beneficial outcomes. In this Review, Shkoporov, Turkington and Hill discuss the evidence for such mutualistic interactions in the gut microbiota and their roles.

    • Andrey N. Shkoporov
    • Christopher J. Turkington
    • Colin Hill
    Review Article
  • A microfluidics study shows that bacterial biofilms form wrinkles when they grow and detach from a solid surface.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • Two recent studies highlight the potential of broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies for the long-term control of HIV in the absence of antiretroviral therapy.

    • Ashley York
    Research Highlight
  • A single-cell microfluidics study shows that phenotypic heterogeneity and fast growth can reduce antibiotic susceptibility.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • A study in hamsters shows prolonged inflammatory changes after COVID-19.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • A study in mice links a metabolite of the gut microbiota to age-related microglia death.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • A retrospective analysis of seven cases of monkeypox describes virus loads over time and looks at potential management options.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • An analysis of the economic impact of biofilms estimates it at almost US$4,000 billion per year globally.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief