Microbial production of advanced biofuels

  • Jay Keasling
  • Hector Garcia Martin
  • Eric Sundstrom
Review Article



    • Global change, including climate change, urbanization and global travel and trade, has affected the emergence and spread of infectious diseases. In the Review, Baker, Metcalf and colleagues examine how global change affects infectious diseases, highlighting examples ranging from COVID-19 to Zika virus disease.

      • Rachel E. Baker
      • Ayesha S. Mahmud
      • C. Jessica E. Metcalf
      Review Article
    • Lipid biomarkers provide insights into the nature and history of the Earth’s microbial life. In this Review, Summons et al. discuss how advances in molecular biology have helped elucidate lipid biomarker origins and afforded robust interpretations of fossil lipids, and explore key examples of how genomics-enabled advances in lipid biomarker science are illuminating the history of microbial life on the Earth.

      • Roger E. Summons
      • Paula V. Welander
      • David A. Gold
      Review Article
    • Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics is one of the key technologies to detect and identify the small molecules produced by the human microbiota and to understand the functional role of these microbial metabolites. In this Review, Dorrestein and colleagues review common forms of untargeted mass spectrometry and the types of data that can be obtained in the context of microbiome analysis.

      • Anelize Bauermeister
      • Helena Mannochio-Russo
      • Pieter C. Dorrestein
      Review Article
    • In this Review, Wadhwa and Berg explore the most common bacterial motility mechanisms and summarize the current understanding of the molecular machines that enable bacteria to swim in aqueous media and move on solid surfaces.

      • Navish Wadhwa
      • Howard C. Berg
      Review Article
    • Elucidating the structure and function of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) proteins is vital for understanding the molecular mechanisms of viral replication and COVID-19 pathogenesis, and could lead to the development of novel therapeutics. In this Review, Yang and Rao delineate the structural features of SARS-CoV-2 from the whole viral particle to the individual viral proteins and discuss their functions as well as their potential as targets for therapeutic interventions.

      • Haitao Yang
      • Zihe Rao
      Review Article
  • Two recent studies provide mechanistic evidence that members of the microbiota cooperate to confer colonization resistance against pathogens.

    • Ashley York
    Research Highlight
  • The authors of this study designed a novel therapeutic class of antimicrobials in which they optimized drug binding and permeation of the drug through bacterial membrane transporters simultaneously.

    • Megan Cully
    Research Highlight
  • This study finds that a tick symbiont modulates serotonin levels in the host and thus promotes blood feeding.

    • Ursula Hofer
    In Brief
  • This month’s Genome Watch highlights the need for improved phenotypic approaches to complement the power of genomics.

    • Caroline Zellmer
    • Tuan Anh Tran
    • Sushmita Sridhar
    Genome Watch
Outbreaks and emerging infections

Outbreaks and emerging infections

Infectious disease outbreaks threaten human, animal and plant health, and they have implications for global health, food security, biodiversity and economic stability.

Nature Careers