Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by the destruction of the insulin-producing β cells of pancreatic islets. The incidence of T1DM is increasing, justifying new efforts to investigate the mechanisms underlying the disease.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is rapidly increasing as a result of population ageing, urbanization and associated lifestyle changes. Indeed, the number of people with T2DM worldwide has more than doubled over the past three decades.