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  • The year 2023 brought reports of highly effective glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) mono-agonists or combinations with amylin receptor agonists. Results for monomolecular co-agonists that added glucagon receptor and/or glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor agonism to GLP1 receptor activation were also published in 2023. Interestingly, antagonistic GIP receptor antibodies conjugated with a GLP1 agonist were also shown to be effective.

    • Mette M. Rosenkilde
    Year in Review
  • The pathophysiology of endometriosis is underpinned by a complex interplay of inflammatory processes that are responsible for the local and systemic effects of the condition. Recent studies delve further into this inflammatory interplay; using animal models, they identify potential therapeutic tools and remind us to look beyond the endometriotic lesions.

    • Jane E. Girling
    Year in Review
  • One hundred years after the Nobel prize was bestowed on Banting and McLeod for the ‘discovery’ of insulin, we are again seeing major evolutions in the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus, with the prospect of achieving disease control beyond mere management now becoming real. Here, we discuss the latest, most notable developments.

    • Pieter-Jan Martens
    • Chantal Mathieu
    Year in Review
  • Over the past decade, technological advances have enabled cost-efficient, high-throughput analysis of different types of omics data in large human cohorts. Here, we explore insights into the pathophysiology of metabolic disorders revealed through multi-omics studies, discuss novel computational analysis techniques and look at the field’s future directions.

    • Smadar Shilo
    • Eran Segal
    Year in Review
  • Key papers on the role of nutrition and metabolic cues in puberty timing were published in 1963, and there have been many advances in this field in the subsequent 60 years. This Review discusses the latest advances in basic and translational sciences underlying the nutritional and metabolic control of pubertal development.

    • Greg M. Anderson
    • Jennifer W. Hill
    • Carol F. Elias
    Review Article
  • Genomic data from patients with thyroid cancer, combined with information on mutation-specific mechanisms from experimental models, is transforming the thyroid cancer research field. This Review summarizes the genetic alterations involved in follicular cell-derived thyroid cancer initiation and progression and their biological and clinical implications.

    • Iñigo Landa
    • Maria E. Cabanillas
    Review Article
  • Thyroid hormones have key functions throughout the body. However, thyroid function declines with age and thyroid diseases increase in prevalence. This Review outlines our current knowledge about how thyroid function changes with age and the implications for patient care.

    • Diana van Heemst
    Review Article
  • Health equity is when every person can achieve their full potential for health and wellbeing. In this Viewpoint, global experts discuss the root causes and contributing factors to health inequity in endocrinology. Potential action points and research directions to help reduce health disparities are also discussed.

    • Kathryn Backholer
    • Osagie Ebekozien
    • Samuel Seidu
  • Over the past decade, the focus on modelling the human endometrium and its cyclical transformations has intensified, driven in part by the lack of notable progress in treating endometrial diseases. Gnecco and collaborators now unveil a cutting-edge endometrial organoid culture using synthetic hydrogels with endometrial niche peptides and epithelial and stromal cells.

    • J. Julie Kim
    News & Views
  • This Review discusses the current understanding of adipose tissue macrophages and T cells. Discussion of these cells is used as an example of how metabolic tissue niches can dictate immune cell function in unique ways that diverge from the classic understanding of leukocyte biology.

    • Ramiah D. Jacks
    • Carey N. Lumeng
    Review Article
  • Inter-organ crosstalk is increasingly understood as an important mechanism contributing to insulin resistance and β-cell failure, the key features of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This Review discusses mediators of inter-organ crosstalk in type 2 diabetes mellitus, its pathogenesis and its related complications.

    • Georgia Xourafa
    • Melis Korbmacher
    • Michael Roden
    Review Article
  • A recent study by Zhou and colleagues proposed that low metabolic elasticity and gene elasticity are involved in the metabolic alterations observed in ageing and obesity. Here, we discuss some of their findings to provide a viewpoint on these potential new traits associated with metabolic health.

    • Rodrigo Fernández-Verdejo
    • Jose E. Galgani
    News & Views