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  • This PrimeView highlights epidemiology, mechanisms and management of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, and summarizes the diagnostic criteria of different subtypes of this autoimmune disease. It accompanies the Primer on this topic by Lundberg and colleagues.

    PrimeView
  • Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, also known as myositis, are a heterogeneous group of autoimmune disorders usually characterized by chronic inflammation of the muscle. This Primer reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, patient quality of life and future research needs of this group of diseases.

    • Ingrid E. Lundberg
    • Manabu Fujimoto
    • Frederick W. Miller
    Primer
  • This PrimeView highlights the various subtypes of Castleman disease, a group of lymphoproliferative disorders with shared morphological features but heterogeneous clinical presentation and disease course.

    PrimeView
  • Castleman disease includes several lymphoproliferative disorders with shared histopathological features but very different clinical presentations and course depending on the location and numbers of affected lymph nodes.

    • Antonino Carbone
    • Margaret Borok
    • Mark Bower
    Primer
  • This PrimeView accompanies the Primer article on Essential tremor by Tan and colleagues, and focuses on the epidemiology of this movement disorder.

    PrimeView
  • This Primer summarizes the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and pathophysiology of essential tremor, a movement disorder that is typically characterized by upper limb action tremor in the absence of other neurological signs.

    • Thomas Welton
    • Francisco Cardoso
    • Eng-King Tan
    Primer
  • This PrimeView highlights the pathophysiology of restless legs syndrome, a sleep-related movement disorder that is characterized by an urge to move the legs.

    PrimeView
  • Restless legs syndrome is a common disorder that is characterized by an urge to move the legs. This Primer reviews the epidemiology, mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of restless legs syndrome, and also summarizes the quality-of-life issues faced by patients and future research avenues.

    • Mauro Manconi
    • Diego Garcia-Borreguero
    • Yves Dauvilliers
    Primer
  • Primary lymphoedema is a condition, often caused by a genetic mutation, characterized by alterations in the structure or function of the lymphatic system.

    PrimeView
  • Primary lymphoedema (PLE) refers to swelling of parts of the body (usually limbs) caused by anomalies in the development or functioning of the lymphatic system; PLE can result from genetic mutations and can be the only symptom or one of the manifestations of a syndrome.

    • Pascal Brouillard
    • Marlys H. Witte
    • Miikka Vikkula
    Primer
  • This PrimeView highlights the epidemiology, diagnosis, pathophysiology and management of Wilms tumour, and summarizes future research needs. It accompanies the Primer on Wilms tumour by Spreafico and colleagues.

    PrimeView
  • Clinical trials often enrol homogeneous populations that do not accurately represent the patient populations served. However, diverse research participation is necessary to establish fair standards of care, minimize outcome disparities and achieve social equity. Here, the authors discuss reasons for reduced trial participation and provide a framework for increasing diversity in clinical trials.

    • Ashwarya Sharma
    • Latha Palaniappan
    Comment
  • Wilms tumour (WT) is the most common renal tumour in infants and young children. This Primer reviews the epidemiology, mechanisms, diagnosis and management of WT. In addition, the authors outline potential opportunities to translate novel biological targets to improve clinical outcomes.

    • Filippo Spreafico
    • Conrad V. Fernandez
    • Kathy Pritchard-Jones
    Primer
  • Histiocytic disorders are a heterogeneous family of diseases with a wide range of clinical manifestations, from self-resolving skin lesions to multi-organ, life-threatening disease.

    PrimeView
  • Histiocytic disorders are characterized by proliferation of cells with macrophage or dendritic cell phenotype and intense inflammation. Clinical signs and symptoms depend on the specific disease and the tissues and organs affected.

    • Kenneth L. McClain
    • Camille Bigenwald
    • Carl E. Allen
    Primer
  • This PrimeView highlights the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of membranous nephropathy, and summarizes the mechanisms of this kidney glomeruli autoimmune disease. It accompanies the Primer on membranous nephropathy by Ronco and colleagues.

    PrimeView
  • Membranous nephropathy is a glomerular disease that is the most frequent cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. This Primer reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of this disease and discusses how to improve long-term renal prognosis and quality of life.

    • Pierre Ronco
    • Laurence Beck
    • Jack Wetzels
    Primer
  • This PrimeView describes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of Behçet syndrome, as well as highlighting patient quality of life and avenues for future research.

    PrimeView