Browse Articles

Filter By:

  • The development of modern immune-based therapies for multiple myeloma has expanded rapidly over the past several years, and GPRC5D has been identified as a viable immunotherapeutic target. Herein, we discuss data and provide future perspectives on GPRC5D-directed CAR T cells and bispecific antibodies for patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma.

    • Karthik Nath
    • Bruno A. Costa
    • Sham Mailankody
    Comment
  • Data obtained using omics technologies can offer important insights into various aspects of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy. In this Review, the authors provide an overview of the multidimensional profiling technologies that have been applied in investigations of CAR T cell therapy. They then discuss the ways in which multi-omics data obtained through such analyses can be used to elucidate CAR targets, factors associated with response or resistance to therapy, and mechanisms underlying the associated toxicities, which could potentially be exploited to improve the efficacy and safety of CAR T cell therapies.

    • Jingwen Yang
    • Yamei Chen
    • Leng Han
    Review Article
  • The revolution of immunotherapies in oncology has not been matched by the development of companion diagnostic biomarkers able to identify the ideal target populations. Aside from the established pathways for regulatory approval relying on predefined biomarkers, a novel approach based on post hoc biomarker analysis could potentially be instrumental in enhancing the cost-effectiveness of cancer immunotherapy.

    • Josep M. Llovet
    Comment
  • Around 100 new cancer drugs, defined as new molecular entities, were approved in China between 2005 and 2021. More than half of these new cancer drugs do not constitute innovations in mechanism of action or therapy and do not have documented meaningful clinical benefit. Approaches are needed to promote meaningful innovation for patients with cancer.

    • Yichen Zhang
    • Anita K. Wagner
    • Xiaodong Guan
    Comment
  • Caring for individuals with thyroid nodules requires accurate estimation of their risk of thyroid cancer; however, available diagnostic tools offer only imprecise estimates. Novel biomarkers might help to clarify thyroid cancer risk and facilitate more-accurate diagnostic decision-making, although limitations in this area continue to exist.

    • Naykky Singh Ospina
    • Juan P. Brito
    News & Views
  • Immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) constitute a paradigm shift in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, identifying the minority of patients who derive long-term benefit remains problematic, particularly among those with targetable oncogenic drivers who have typically been under-represented in or excluded from clinical trials of ICIs. This Review summarizes the associations of common oncogenic drivers of NSCLC with sensitivity or resistance to ICIs as well as the underlying effects on the immune tumour microenvironment. Potential vulnerabilities that could potentially be exploited to overcome primary resistance to ICIs conferred by certain oncogenic drivers are also highlighted.

    • Itziar Otano
    • Alvaro C. Ucero
    • Luis Paz-Ares
    Review Article
  • Preclinical models that faithfully recapitulate interactions between the human immune system and tumours are necessary to evaluate human-specific immunotherapies in vivo; however, their number is currently limited. The authors of this Review discuss the currently available humanized mouse models, which are immunodeficient mice co-engrafted with human tumours and immune components, with a focus on their applicability in translational research.

    • Jane Chuprin
    • Hannah Buettner
    • Michael A. Brehm
    Review Article
  • Oncolytic viruses (OVs) provide a novel cancer treatment strategy, with a mechanism of action and toxicity profiles that are distinctly different to those of more traditional therapies. Thus far, four OVs have entered clinical use globally, yet only talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) has entered widespread clinical use. In this Review, the authors describe the clinical and regulatory experience with T-VEC thus far, and how this can guide the development of novel OVs. Discussions of a range of novel OVs with the potential for clinical implementation in the near future are also provided.

    • Sophia Z. Shalhout
    • David M. Miller
    • Howard L. Kaufman
    Review Article
  • New genetic analyses demonstrate that the presence of low-frequency subclonal populations, including high-risk subclones, at diagnosis in multiple myeloma can contribute to disease relapse and poor clinical outcomes. Thus, sensitive detection approaches are required to detect these subclones at diagnosis together with innovative treatment strategies to eradicate low-frequency, high-risk subclones and prevent them from becoming dominant.

    • Eileen M. Boyle
    • Faith E. Davies
    News & Views
  • γδ T cells are lymphocytes with properties of both typical αβ T cell and natural killer cells, notable tissue tropisms, and MHC-independent antitumour functions that make them attractive agents for cancer immunotherapy. In this Review, the authors provide an overview of human γδ T cell subsets, discuss the antitumour and pro-tumour activities of these cells and their prognostic value in patients with cancer, and describe the current landscape of γδ T cell-based immunotherapies.

    • Sofia Mensurado
    • Rafael Blanco-Domínguez
    • Bruno Silva-Santos
    Review Article
  • Immunotherapies have dramatically improved the outcomes of a subset of patients with advanced-stage cancers. Nonetheless, most patients will not respond to these agents and adverse events can be severe. In this Review, the authors describe the potential to address these challenges by combining immunotherapies with currently available thermal therapies as well as by using thermal immuno-nanomedicines.

    • Zhe Yang
    • Di Gao
    • Xingcai Zhang
    Review Article
  • Although almost all patients with uveal melanoma have localized disease at diagnosis, and despite effective treatment of the primary tumour, metastatic recurrence is common and holds a dismal prognosis. Unlike its cutaneous counterpart, therapeutic advances for uveal melanoma have not been forthcoming, although the recent approval of the first systemic therapy for this disease has ushered in a new era of hope. This Review summarizes the biology of uveal melanoma and the management of primary disease, including molecular risk classification, adjuvant therapy and follow-up strategies. The discussion is then focused on the established and emerging regional and systemic treatments for metastatic uveal melanoma.

    • Richard D. Carvajal
    • Joseph J. Sacco
    • Sophie Piperno-Neumann
    Review Article