Immune cells on a branched path with checkpoints at intervals

Immune checkpoints in cardiac physiology and pathology

Therapeutic targets for heart failure


  • A diverse group of people

    This ongoing Series of articles highlights the importance of a more diverse, equitable and inclusive cardiovascular workforce in improving the quality of patient care and scientific research.

  • A human body showing various organs, on a background of biometric, biological and mathematical patterns

    This Collection of articles from across the Nature Reviews portfolio explores the transformative role of artificial intelligence in health care, from drug discovery and development, through to applications in the risk stratification, diagnosis, imaging, monitoring, prognostication, and pharmacological and surgical treatment of patients.

  • Computer circuit board representing metabolic pathways

    This ongoing Series of articles from Nature Reviews Cardiology covers all aspects of cardiometabolism, including the role of metabolism in cardiovascular physiology, metabolic remodelling in cardiovascular and cardiometabolic diseases, and novel and potential preventative and therapeutic strategies targeting metabolic pathways.


  • Findings from a new study published in Science Immunology suggest that epigenetic changes in haematopoietic stem cells promote the production of pro-inflammatory macrophages and influence their capacity to generate protective macrophage subsets.

    • Karina Huynh
    Research Highlight
  • Data from the phase IIb MUIR and ARCHES-2 trials show that RNA interference approaches that target either apolipoprotein C-III or ANGPTL3 significantly reduce plasma triglyceride levels in patients with mixed hyperlipidaemia.

    • Gregory B. Lim
    Research Highlight
  • Haemophilia A is caused by variants in the gene that encodes coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). Sequencing of this gene in the 1980s was the initial step in developing replacement therapy with recombinant FVIII, and thereby removing the risk of blood-borne infections from plasma-derived FVIII.

    • Daisy Jones
    Journal Club
  • Corey McAleese describes the study that identified the presence of metabolic heterogeneity in endothelial cells from different tissues and discusses its relevance to our current understanding of endothelial metabolism.

    • Corey McAleese
    Journal Club
  • Milda Folkmanaite and Manuela Zaccolo highlight a study that demonstrates a role for phase-separated condensates of protein kinase A in buffering molecules of cAMP, to illustrate how phase separation of proteins in cardiac cells might contribute to the regulation of cardiac function.

    • Milda Folkmanaite
    • Manuela Zaccolo
    Journal Club


Anticoagulant drugs are used to prevent and treat thrombotic disorders in millions of patients worldwide. This Milestone plots the history of anticoagulant drugs, starting with the discovery and clinical trials of heparin and warfarin.


Nature Careers

Science jobs