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  • Luo et al. uncover strong associations between the tumour microbiome and race, a finding that further emphasises the need for race diversity in cancer studies.

    • Joseph Willson
    In Brief
  • Wright et al. reveal how methotrexate binds to the human reduced folate carrier and outline key features that will aid the rational design of targeted antifolate therapeutics.

    • Joseph Willson
    In Brief
  • In this Tools of the Trade article, Luigi Ombrato describes the development of Cherry-niche, a cell labelling system, which enables the unbiased identification of cancer cell-neighbouring cells.

    • Luigi Ombrato
    Tools of the Trade
  • Ma et al. demonstrate that platelets suppress liver tumour growth in the context of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease through T cell-dependent antitumour immunity.

    • Daniela Senft
    Research Highlight
  • Xu, Yan et al. show that the hypothalamic–pituitary unit produces α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone in tumour-bearing mice, to promote myelopoiesis and immunosuppression.

    • Gabrielle Brewer
    Research Highlight
  • In this Tools of the Trade article, Daniela S. Thommen describes the development and use of a patient-derived tumour fragment (PDTF) platform wherein surgically resected tumour lesions are cultured ex vivo, which enables patients’ responses to immunotherapy to be more faithfully modelled.

    • Daniela S. Thommen
    Tools of the Trade
  • In two studies published concurrently, Pal et al. and Shi et al. reveal that certain gliomas rely on the de novo synthesis of pyrimidines. These studies go on to demonstrate the effectiveness of brain-penetrant inhibitors of de novo pyrimidine synthesis in preclinical models of glioma.

    • Joseph Willson
    Research Highlight
  • Clinical trials of immunotherapies have so far failed to demonstrate efficacy in high-grade serous ovarian cancers. Here, Kandalaft et al. classify high-grade serous ovarian cancers into distinct immunophenotypes that might account for these failures and could also provide a rational basis for tailored immunotherapy in the future.

    • Lana E. Kandalaft
    • Denarda Dangaj Laniti
    • George Coukos
    Review Article
  • Chen et al. have developed a preclinical platform that enables the reprogramming of locoregional macrophages and microglia in situ with CD133-directed chimeric antigen receptors, which leads to the phagocytosis and removal of residual glioma stem cells after tumour debulking.

    • Anna Dart
    Research Highlight
  • Barkley and colleagues conducted single-cell RNA sequencing of almost 20,000 malignant cells and identified cancer cell states that are both common and different across tumour types, and revealed how these states interact with the tumour microenvironment.

    • Caroline Barranco
    Research Highlight
  • Seki et al. show that exposure to cold suppresses tumour growth in mice through increasing glucose uptake and thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue.

    • Joseph Willson
    Research Highlight
  • The increasing size of cancer datasets requires new ways of thinking for analysing and integrating these data. In this Review, Jiang et al. discuss considerations and strategies for wielding ‘big data’ ― large, information-rich datasets ― in basic research and for translational applications such as identifying biomarkers, informing clinical trials and developing new assays and treatments.

    • Peng Jiang
    • Sanju Sinha
    • Eytan Ruppin
    Review Article
  • In this Tools of the Trade article, Anne C. Rios describes the development of multispectral large-scale single-cell resolution three-dimensional (mLSR-3D) imaging and the analytical pipeline, segmentation analysis by parallelization of 3D datasets (STAPL-3D), which enables the extraction of hundreds of molecular, spatial and volumetric features from millions of cells imaged in 3D, revealing details of the structural organization of human tumours.

    • Anne C. Rios
    Tools of the Trade
  • In this Comment article, Bhangu and Caduff describe how the social science of medical anthropology uses qualitative methods to better understand how people in different parts of the world perceive and experience illness, and how this field of study emphasizes research approaches that humanize and add richness to our understanding of cancer in complex settings.

    • Shagufta Bhangu
    • Carlo Caduff
    Comment
  • Venkataramani et al. used longitudinal intravital two-photon imaging to track migrating glioblastoma cells in vivo, and identified a seemingly unconnected cell subpopulation that was responsible for colonization of the brain by mimicking neuronal mechanisms of movement.

    • Anna Dart
    Research Highlight
  • Malignant cells show uninhibited proliferation and cellular plasticity, features also reminiscent of embryogenesis. In this Perspective, Sharma and colleagues present their oncofetal ecosystem concept, discuss evidence of oncofetal reprogramming in malignant and non-malignant cells, and debate the therapeutic relevance of these findings.

    • Ankur Sharma
    • Camille Blériot
    • Florent Ginhoux
    Perspective
  • This Review describes how advances in lentiviral-based cellular barcoding techniques, including both genetic and optical barcoding, have enabled the spatiotemporal fate of individual cancer cells and their progeny to be tracked, providing valuable information for biological discovery and possible clinical translation.

    • Antonin Serrano
    • Jean Berthelet
    • Delphine Merino
    Review Article