Volume 3 Issue 2 February 2017

Volume 3 Issue 2

Weighting palms

Fruits of the palm Mauritia flexuosa are used as food by Amazonian cultures. Understanding which traits are linked to particular human needs reveals the processes that underpin ecosystem service realization.

See Nature Plants 3, 16220 (2016).

Image: R. Cámara-Leret Cover Design: L. Heslop

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    For millennia, Chinese knowledge of agriculture and crop breeding influenced the whole world. After an extended period of introspection, Chinese plant biology is once again establishing global eminence.

Research Highlights

Features & comment

  • Comment |

    In 1916, Swedish geologist Ernst Jakob Lennart von Post delivered a provocative lecture in Oslo, Norway, advocating the use of pollen grains in bog sediments as indicators of past vegetation and climate. The lecture spawned many applications and represents a landmark in multidisciplinary science.

    • Kevin J. Edwards
    • , Ralph M. Fyfe
    •  & Stephen T. Jackson

News & Views

  • News and Views |

    Carnivory, the ability of plants to attract, catch, kill and digest insects to obtain nutrients, has evolved independently several times in plant evolution. A comprehensive analysis of the genome, transcriptome and proteome of prey digestion in a pitcher plant shows how carnivory in plants is the product of convergent evolution.

    • Axel Mithöfer
  • News and Views |

    Phosphorus removal during grain harvest creates severe challenges for sustainable agriculture. Modification of a phosphorus transporter provides a potential strategy to tackle this problem.

    • Bin Hu
    •  & Chengcai Chu

Research

  • Letter |

    Data from 2,201 interviews in 68 South American communities show that the use of palms (Arecaceae) is linked to function and geography. Plant size and location are stronger predictors of utilization for basic needs than less-basic ones, such as ritual uses.

    • Rodrigo Cámara-Leret
    • , Søren Faurby
    • , Manuel J. Macía
    • , Henrik Balslev
    • , Bastian Göldel
    • , Jens-Christian Svenning
    • , W. Daniel Kissling
    • , Nina Rønsted
    •  & C. Haris Saslis-Lagoudakis
  • Letter |

    Sown grassland mesocosms involving eight common plant species were provided different forms of phosphorus. Individual species used organic and inorganic phosphate differently, with their success relating to acquisition of a specific form of phosphorus.

    • Tobias Ceulemans
    • , Samuel Bodé
    • , Jessica Bollyn
    • , Stanley Harpole
    • , Kristin Coorevits
    • , Gerrit Peeters
    • , Kasper Van Acker
    • , Erik Smolders
    • , Pascal Boeckx
    •  & Olivier Honnay
  • Letter | | open

    High-quality draft genomes have been generated for the two commercially cultivated jute species, Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. Transcriptome analyses revealed key regulatory and structural genes involved in fibre formation.

    • Md Shahidul Islam
    • , Jennifer A. Saito
    • , Emdadul Mannan Emdad
    • , Borhan Ahmed
    • , Mohammad Moinul Islam
    • , Abdul Halim
    • , Quazi Md Mosaddeque Hossen
    • , Md Zakir Hossain
    • , Rasel Ahmed
    • , Md Sabbir Hossain
    • , Shah Md Tamim Kabir
    • , Md Sarwar Alam Khan
    • , Md Mursalin Khan
    • , Rajnee Hasan
    • , Nasima Aktar
    • , Ummay Honi
    • , Rahin Islam
    • , Md Mamunur Rashid
    • , Xuehua Wan
    • , Shaobin Hou
    • , Taslima Haque
    • , Muhammad Shafiul Azam
    • , Mahdi Muhammad Moosa
    • , Sabrina M. Elias
    • , A. M. Mahedi Hasan
    • , Niaz Mahmood
    • , Md Shafiuddin
    • , Saima Shahid
    • , Nusrat Sharmeen Shommu
    • , Sharmin Jahan
    • , Saroj Roy
    • , Amlan Chowdhury
    • , Ashikul Islam Akhand
    • , Golam Morshad Nisho
    • , Khaled Salah Uddin
    • , Taposhi Rabeya
    • , S. M. Ekramul Hoque
    • , Afsana Rahman Snigdha
    • , Sarowar Mortoza
    • , Syed Abdul Matin
    • , Md Kamrul Islam
    • , M. Z. H. Lashkar
    • , Mahboob Zaman
    • , Anton Yuryev
    • , Md Kamal Uddin
    • , Md Sharifur Rahman
    • , Md Samiul Haque
    • , Md Monjurul Alam
    • , Haseena Khan
    •  & Maqsudul Alam
  • Letter |

    Polarity establishment during the first zygote asymmetrical division is explored in the brown algae Dictyota. Through transcriptomics and cytological observations, the authors uncover a novel polarization process based on two steps that are controlled by different cues.

    • Kenny A. Bogaert
    • , Tom Beeckman
    •  & Olivier De Clerck
  • Article |

    A Catharanthus roseus tonoplast-localized transporter has been identified and characterized to export strictosidine, the central intermediate of terpene and alkaloid biosynthesis pathways, from the vacuole to the cytosol.

    • Richard M. E. Payne
    • , Deyang Xu
    • , Emilien Foureau
    • , Marta Ines Soares Teto Carqueijeiro
    • , Audrey Oudin
    • , Thomas Dugé de Bernonville
    • , Vlastimil Novak
    • , Meike Burow
    • , Carl-Erik Olsen
    • , D. Marc Jones
    • , Evangelos C. Tatsis
    • , Ali Pendle
    • , Barbara Ann Halkier
    • , Fernando Geu-Flores
    • , Vincent Courdavault
    • , Hussam Hassan Nour-Eldin
    •  & Sarah E. O'Connor
  • Article |

    Application of pathogen-specific double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was proposed as an approach against plant viruses. However, the instability of dsRNA hampers its application. Now, a study has used clay nanosheets to deliver dsRNA and obtain sustained protection against viruses.

    • Neena Mitter
    • , Elizabeth A. Worrall
    • , Karl E. Robinson
    • , Peng Li
    • , Ritesh G. Jain
    • , Christelle Taochy
    • , Stephen J. Fletcher
    • , Bernard J. Carroll
    • , G. Q. (Max) Lu
    •  & Zhi Ping Xu
  • Article |

    The PsbS protein is essential in triggering non-photochemical quenching. Antibody pull-down assays show that a combination of ΔpH and zeaxanthin increases PsbS binding to specific minor proteins in the light-harvesting complex of photosystem II.

    • Joanna Sacharz
    • , Vasco Giovagnetti
    • , Petra Ungerer
    • , Giulia Mastroianni
    •  & Alexander V. Ruban