Latest Research

  • Article |

    A study reconstructed angiosperm phylogeny on the basis of plastome data representing 2,351 angiosperm and 187 gymnosperm species, and dated the origin of crown angiosperms to be significantly earlier than the estimates based on fossil data.

    • Hong-Tao Li
    • , Ting-Shuang Yi
    • , Lian-Ming Gao
    • , Peng-Fei Ma
    • , Ting Zhang
    • , Jun-Bo Yang
    • , Matthew A. Gitzendanner
    • , Peter W. Fritsch
    • , Jie Cai
    • , Yang Luo
    • , Hong Wang
    • , Michelle van der Bank
    • , Shu-Dong Zhang
    • , Qing-Feng Wang
    • , Jian Wang
    • , Zhi-Rong Zhang
    • , Chao-Nan Fu
    • , Jing Yang
    • , Peter M. Hollingsworth
    • , Mark W. Chase
    • , Douglas E. Soltis
    • , Pamela S. Soltis
    •  & De-Zhu Li
  • Article |

    Retrograde signalling ensures message communication between organelles and the nucleus. A pivotal regulator of plant retrograde signalling, GENOMES UNCOUPLED1, is now found to regulate protein import into chloroplast during chloroplast biogenesis or under stress conditions.

    • Guo-Zhang Wu
    • , Etienne H. Meyer
    • , Andreas S. Richter
    • , Maja Schuster
    • , Qihua Ling
    • , Mark A. Schöttler
    • , Dirk Walther
    • , Reimo Zoschke
    • , Bernhard Grimm
    • , R. Paul Jarvis
    •  & Ralph Bock
  • Letter |

    Tomato breeding with a desirable MADS-box mutation to improve harvesting can often result in unwanted traits due to negative epistatis with cryptic mutations. A dosage mechanism involving a duplication of a second gene to overcoming the negative epistasis is dissected, enabling the design of gene editing strategies to predictably improve harvesting.

    • Sebastian Soyk
    • , Zachary H. Lemmon
    • , Fritz J. Sedlazeck
    • , José M. Jiménez-Gómez
    • , Michael Alonge
    • , Samuel F. Hutton
    • , Joyce Van Eck
    • , Michael C. Schatz
    •  & Zachary B. Lippman
  • Letter |

    Cotton fibre grows in a protective boll that becomes a barrier for researchers when tracking the growth dynamics. Now, the cytoskeleton in elongating cotton fibres has been visualized by live-cell imaging. The cytoskeleton organization and dynamics shed light on the elongation mode of cotton fibre.

    • Yanjun Yu
    • , Shenjie Wu
    • , Jacqueline Nowak
    • , Guangda Wang
    • , Libo Han
    • , Zhidi Feng
    • , Amelie Mendrinna
    • , Yinping Ma
    • , Huan Wang
    • , Xiaxia Zhang
    • , Juan Tian
    • , Li Dong
    • , Zoran Nikoloski
    • , Staffan Persson
    •  & Zhaosheng Kong
  • Letter |

    A study reports a regulatory system that boosts transgene expression in the plastids of potato tubers. This system employed an RNA-binding protein PPR10 variant to bind a cognate cis-element of a plastid transgene, encoding GFP, and activate its expression.

    • Qiguo Yu
    • , Alice Barkan
    •  & Pal Maliga
  • Letter |

    Using de novo root regeneration from a detached Arabidopsis leaf as a model system, the authors show that jasmonates are a crucial signalling step from wounding to a local auxin response.

    • Guifang Zhang
    • , Fei Zhao
    • , Lyuqin Chen
    • , Yu Pan
    • , Lijun Sun
    • , Ning Bao
    • , Teng Zhang
    • , Chun-Xiao Cui
    • , Zaozao Qiu
    • , Yijing Zhang
    • , Li Yang
    •  & Lin Xu
  • Letter |

    A study using base editing generated transgene-free wheat with mutations that confer resistances to multiple herbicides, and developed a selectable marker that could facilitate co-editing of herbicide resistance and other target traits of interest.

    • Rui Zhang
    • , Jinxing Liu
    • , Zhuangzhuang Chai
    • , Sha Chen
    • , Yang Bai
    • , Yuan Zong
    • , Kunling Chen
    • , Jiayang Li
    • , Linjian Jiang
    •  & Caixia Gao
  • Article |

    This study uses ancient DNA sequencing to track Sorghum genome evolution over the past 1,800 years at a single archaeological site. The data unexpectedly reveal no evidence for domestication bottleneck, and instead reveal a steady drop in genetic diversity over time.

    • Oliver Smith
    • , William V. Nicholson
    • , Logan Kistler
    • , Emma Mace
    • , Alan Clapham
    • , Pamela Rose
    • , Chris Stevens
    • , Roselyn Ware
    • , Siva Samavedam
    • , Guy Barker
    • , David Jordan
    • , Dorian Q. Fuller
    •  & Robin G. Allaby
  • Article |

    Cross-scale models connecting leaf photosynthesis to crop yield—with feedback between plant growth and the environment—can predict yield following enhancement of photosynthesis. Impacts range markedly depending on factors such as water limitation.

    • Alex Wu
    • , Graeme L. Hammer
    • , Al Doherty
    • , Susanne von Caemmerer
    •  & Graham D. Farquhar
  • Article |

    FREE1/FYVE1, a component of the ESCRT complex, is essential for the biogenesis of multivesicular bodies. A novel function of this protein is shown here—ABA promotes FREE1 nuclear import to downregulate ABA transcriptional downstream responses.

    • Hongbo Li
    • , Yingzhu Li
    • , Qiong Zhao
    • , Tingting Li
    • , Juan Wei
    • , Baiying Li
    • , Wenjin Shen
    • , Chao Yang
    • , Yonglun Zeng
    • , Pedro L. Rodriguez
    • , Yunde Zhao
    • , Liwen Jiang
    • , Xiaojing Wang
    •  & Caiji Gao
  • Perspective |

    The severe threat of weeds to agriculture and ecosystems necessitates management practices on the scale of landscapes. This Perspective uses four case studies to examine the best practices for this collective dilemma.

    • Muthukumar V. Bagavathiannan
    • , Sonia Graham
    • , Zhao Ma
    • , Jacob N. Barney
    • , Shaun R. Coutts
    • , Ana L. Caicedo
    • , Rosemarie De Clerck-Floate
    • , Natalie M. West
    • , Lior Blank
    • , Alexander L. Metcalf
    • , Myrtille Lacoste
    • , Carlo R. Moreno
    • , Jeffrey A. Evans
    • , Ian Burke
    •  & Hugh Beckie
  • Article |

    The three-dimensional architecture of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis was determined by in situ cryo-electron tomography. The tips of multiple thylakoids merge and contact the plasma membrane, performing a specialized biogenic function.

    • Anna Rast
    • , Miroslava Schaffer
    • , Sahradha Albert
    • , William Wan
    • , Stefan Pfeffer
    • , Florian Beck
    • , Jürgen M. Plitzko
    • , Jörg Nickelsen
    •  & Benjamin D. Engel
  • Brief Communication |

    The mechanism of how trehalose 6-phosphate phosphatases (TPPs) regulate meristem fate remains unknown. Now, genetic and biochemical evidences support that this regulatory role is uncoupled from the enzymatic activity of TPPs.

    • Hannes Claeys
    • , Son Lang Vi
    • , Xiaosa Xu
    • , Namiko Satoh-Nagasawa
    • , Andrea L. Eveland
    • , Alexander Goldshmidt
    • , Regina Feil
    • , Grace A. Beggs
    • , Hajime Sakai
    • , Richard G. Brennan
    • , John E. Lunn
    •  & David Jackson
  • Brief Communication |

    In rice, a transcription factor named PREMATURE INTERNODE ELONGATION 1 (PINE1) represses internode elongation. During the vegetative phase, PINE1 reduces sensitivity to gibberellin and can uncouple floral transition from stem elongation.

    • Jorge Gómez-Ariza
    • , Vittoria Brambilla
    • , Giulio Vicentini
    • , Martina Landini
    • , Martina Cerise
    • , Esther Carrera
    • , Roshi Shrestha
    • , Remo Chiozzotto
    • , Francesca Galbiati
    • , Elisabetta Caporali
    • , Isabel López Díaz
    •  & Fabio Fornara
  • Letter |

    Efficient genome editing using DNA-free systems remains challenging in most plant species. Now, a new genome-editing system achieves efficient DNA- and selectable-marker-free gene editing by direct delivery of Cas9–guide RNA ribonucleoproteins into rice zygotes.

    • Erika Toda
    • , Narumi Koiso
    • , Arika Takebayashi
    • , Masako Ichikawa
    • , Takatoshi Kiba
    • , Keishi Osakabe
    • , Yuriko Osakabe
    • , Hitoshi Sakakibara
    • , Norio Kato
    •  & Takashi Okamoto
  • Article |

    In rice, nitrate perception by NRT1.1B activates genetic responses that increase the utilization of not only nitrate but also phosphate. A novel molecular mechanism centred on the presumed Pi sensor SPX4 underlies this nutritional signalling crosstalk.

    • Bin Hu
    • , Zhimin Jiang
    • , Wei Wang
    • , Yahong Qiu
    • , Zhihua Zhang
    • , Yongqiang Liu
    • , Aifu Li
    • , Xiaokai Gao
    • , Linchuan Liu
    • , Yangwen Qian
    • , Xiahe Huang
    • , Feifei Yu
    • , Sai Kang
    • , Yiqin Wang
    • , Junpeng Xie
    • , Shouyun Cao
    • , Lianhe Zhang
    • , Yingchun Wang
    • , Qi Xie
    • , Stanislav Kopriva
    •  & Chengcai Chu
  • Article |

    Breeding crops with both high yield and disease resistance remains challenging. A study has now identified microRNA-156–Ideal Plant Architecture1 (IPA1) as a regulator of the crosstalk between growth and defence in rice and overcame the trade-off by pathogen-induced expression of IPA1.

    • Mingming Liu
    • , Zhenying Shi
    • , Xiaohan Zhang
    • , Mingxuan Wang
    • , Lin Zhang
    • , Kezhi Zheng
    • , Jiyun Liu
    • , Xingming Hu
    • , Cuiru Di
    • , Qian Qian
    • , Zuhua He
    •  & Dong-Lei Yang
  • Brief Communication |

    Two sperm-specific DOMAIN OF UNKNOWN FUNCTION 679 membrane proteins are found to facilitate the gamete fusion events during double fertilization in angiosperms, with a greater impact on egg–sperm fusion than on sperm–central cell fusion.

    • Philipp Cyprys
    • , Maria Lindemeier
    •  & Stefanie Sprunck
  • Article |

    Structure of the photosystem I–light-harvesting complex I in green alga at 3.49 Å resolution shows 13 core subunits and 10 antennas in a double semi-ring. This provides a basis for unravelling the mechanisms of algal light-energy harvesting.

    • Xiaochun Qin
    • , Xiong Pi
    • , Wenda Wang
    • , Guangye Han
    • , Lixia Zhu
    • , Mingmei Liu
    • , Linpeng Cheng
    • , Jian-Ren Shen
    • , Tingyun Kuang
    •  & Sen-Fang Sui
  • Resource |

    The target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase, present in all eukaryotes, is a major regulator of growth and metabolism. Using quantitative phosphoproteomics and comprehensive interactome approaches, the authors reveal the TOR signalling network, including potential substrates.

    • Jelle Van Leene
    • , Chao Han
    • , Astrid Gadeyne
    • , Dominique Eeckhout
    • , Caroline Matthijs
    • , Bernard Cannoot
    • , Nancy De Winne
    • , Geert Persiau
    • , Eveline Van De Slijke
    • , Brigitte Van de Cotte
    • , Elisabeth Stes
    • , Michiel Van Bel
    • , Veronique Storme
    • , Francis Impens
    • , Kris Gevaert
    • , Klaas Vandepoele
    • , Ive De Smet
    •  & Geert De Jaeger
  • Article |

    Functional interaction between an aquaporin and a membrane-tethered growth suppressor MYB transcription factor leads to activation of the latter, establishing a link between hydraulics and transcriptional control.

    • Shuai Zhang
    • , Ming Feng
    • , Wen Chen
    • , Xiaofeng Zhou
    • , Jingyun Lu
    • , Yaru Wang
    • , Yonghong Li
    • , Cai-Zhong Jiang
    • , Su-Sheng Gan
    • , Nan Ma
    •  & Junping Gao
  • Letter |

    Obligate parasitic plant Striga hermonthica is insensitive to abscisic acid because of a mutation in a key protein phosphatase 2C in the hormone signalling pathway. The parasite maintainskeeps its stomata open, even under drought stress, to draw water and nutrients from its host.

    • Hijiri Fujioka
    • , Hiroaki Samejima
    • , Hideyuki Suzuki
    • , Masaharu Mizutani
    • , Masanori Okamoto
    •  & Yukihiro Sugimoto
  • Article |

    Plastid genome engineering has been challenging in crops and model plants. Now, a method enables efficient plastid transformation by taking advantage of root-derived microcalli as source tissue and the knockout of a nuclear gene for efficient screening.

    • Stephanie Ruf
    • , Joachim Forner
    • , Claudia Hasse
    • , Xenia Kroop
    • , Stefanie Seeger
    • , Laura Schollbach
    • , Anne Schadach
    •  & Ralph Bock
  • Article |

    Vacuolar iron transporter 1 (VIT1) is important for iron homeostasis in plants. VIT1 forms a dimeric structure with five membrane-spanning domains, and an ion-translocating pathway of methionine and carboxylate residues at the dimer interface.

    • Takafumi Kato
    • , Kaoru Kumazaki
    • , Miki Wada
    • , Reiya Taniguchi
    • , Takanori Nakane
    • , Keitaro Yamashita
    • , Kunio Hirata
    • , Ryuichiro Ishitani
    • , Koichi Ito
    • , Tomohiro Nishizawa
    •  & Osamu Nureki
  • Letter |

    It is unknown how plant cell polarities are connected to organismal axes. A SOSEKI protein is found to integrate apical–basal and radial organismal axes to localize to polar cell edges independent of tissue context, but requiring cell wall integrity.

    • Saiko Yoshida
    • , Alja van der Schuren
    • , Maritza van Dop
    • , Luc van Galen
    • , Shunsuke Saiga
    • , Milad Adibi
    • , Barbara Möller
    • , Colette A. ten Hove
    • , Peter Marhavy
    • , Richard Smith
    • , Jiri Friml
    •  & Dolf Weijers
  • Letter |

    In polyploid wheat, overexpression of abscisic acid receptor pyrabactin resistance 1-like 4 increases water-use efficiency just like in model plants, confirming the biotechnological potential of this strategy in crops.

    • Ryosuke Mega
    • , Fumitaka Abe
    • , June-Sik Kim
    • , Yuuri Tsuboi
    • , Keisuke Tanaka
    • , Hisato Kobayashi
    • , Yoichi Sakata
    • , Kousuke Hanada
    • , Hisashi Tsujimoto
    • , Jun Kikuchi
    • , Sean R. Cutler
    •  & Masanori Okamoto
  • Article |

    Electron microscopy and tomography show two periarbuscular, membrane-bound compartments during arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. One may facilitate movement of molecules between symbiotic partners, and the other provide nutrient assimilation capacity.

    • Sergey Ivanov
    • , Jotham Austin II
    • , R. Howard Berg
    •  & Maria J. Harrison
  • Article |

    Rising CO2 levels have been thought to potentially increase plant growth due to improved fertilization, but such a general effect is spatially and temporally affected by precipitation. Grassland experiments show constraints and increases in the fertilization effect due to seasonal-based precipitation, inferring that any potential plant growth could be mitigated by natural rainfall changes.

    • Mark J. Hovenden
    • , Sebastian Leuzinger
    • , Paul C. D. Newton
    • , Andrew Fletcher
    • , Simone Fatichi
    • , Andreas Lüscher
    • , Peter B. Reich
    • , Louise C. Andresen
    • , Claus Beier
    • , Dana M. Blumenthal
    • , Nona R. Chiariello
    • , Jeffrey S. Dukes
    • , Juliane Kellner
    • , Kirsten Hofmockel
    • , Pascal A. Niklaus
    • , Jian Song
    • , Shiqiang Wan
    • , Aimée T. Classen
    •  & J. Adam Langley
  • Article |

    Eukaryotic mRNAs often contain upstream open reading frames for small peptides. However, this study reports a truly bicistronic transcript in Arabidopsis, which encodes both CELL DIVISION CYCLE 26, a cell cycle regulator, and TRIPHOSPHATE TUNNEL METALLOENZYME 3, an inorganic polyphosphatase.

    • Laura Lorenzo-Orts
    • , Janika Witthoeft
    • , Jules Deforges
    • , Jacobo Martinez
    • , Sylvain Loubéry
    • , Aleksandra Placzek
    • , Yves Poirier
    • , Ludwig A. Hothorn
    • , Yvon Jaillais
    •  & Michael Hothorn
  • Article |

    The symbiosis of mycorrhizal fungi and roots involves invasion of plant cells, followed by collapse of the intracellular fungal arbuscules. Ultra-structural details of this interaction show continuous formation of extracellular vesicles at the peri-arbuscular space.

    • Ronelle Roth
    • , Stefan Hillmer
    • , Charlotta Funaya
    • , Marco Chiapello
    • , Karin Schumacher
    • , Libera Lo Presti
    • , Regine Kahmann
    •  & Uta Paszkowski
  • Article | | open

    This study reports a near-complete genome of Antirrhinum majus L., provides insights into gene and genome duplication events, and reveals the genetic basis underlying complex traits of snapdragon, such as flower asymmetry and self-incompatibility.

    • Miaomiao Li
    • , Dongfen Zhang
    • , Qiang Gao
    • , Yingfeng Luo
    • , Hui Zhang
    • , Bin Ma
    • , Chunhai Chen
    • , Annabel Whibley
    • , Yu’e Zhang
    • , Yinghao Cao
    • , Qun Li
    • , Han Guo
    • , Junhui Li
    • , Yanzhai Song
    • , Yue Zhang
    • , Lucy Copsey
    • , Yan Li
    • , Xiuxiu Li
    • , Ming Qi
    • , Jiawei Wang
    • , Yan Chen
    • , Dan Wang
    • , Jinyang Zhao
    • , Guocheng Liu
    • , Bin Wu
    • , Lili Yu
    • , Chunyan Xu
    • , Jiang Li
    • , Shancen Zhao
    • , Yijing Zhang
    • , Songnian Hu
    • , Chengzhi Liang
    • , Ye Yin
    • , Enrico Coen
    •  & Yongbiao Xue
  • Article |

    A study introduces curcumin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis by expressing the turmeric genes DIKETIDE-CoA SYNTHASE and CURCUMIN SYNTHASE 2, and the monomers curcumin and phenylpentanoids were successfully incorporated into the lignin cell wall to enhance biomass processing.

    • Paula Oyarce
    • , Barbara De Meester
    • , Fernando Fonseca
    • , Lisanne de Vries
    • , Geert Goeminne
    • , Andreas Pallidis
    • , Riet De Rycke
    • , Yukiko Tsuji
    • , Yanding Li
    • , Sander Van den Bosch
    • , Bert Sels
    • , John Ralph
    • , Ruben Vanholme
    •  & Wout Boerjan
  • Author Correction |

    • Jinhui Chen
    • , Zhaodong Hao
    • , Xuanmin Guang
    • , Chenxi Zhao
    • , Pengkai Wang
    • , Liangjiao Xue
    • , Qihui Zhu
    • , Linfeng Yang
    • , Yu Sheng
    • , Yanwei Zhou
    • , Haibin Xu
    • , Hongqing Xie
    • , Xiaofei Long
    • , Jin Zhang
    • , Zhangrong Wang
    • , Mingming Shi
    • , Ye Lu
    • , Siqin Liu
    • , Lanhua Guan
    • , Qianhua Zhu
    • , Liming Yang
    • , Song Ge
    • , Tielong Cheng
    • , Thomas Laux
    • , Qiang Gao
    • , Ye Peng
    • , Na Liu
    • , Sihai Yang
    •  & Jisen Shi
  • Article |

    Autophagy controls protein homeostasis. AUTOPHAGY-RELATED PROTEIN 8 and ABNORMAL SHOOT3 interact to promote endosome trafficking, as well as to regulate protein degradation during senescence independently from the canonical autophagy machinery.

    • Min Jia
    • , Xiayan Liu
    • , Hui Xue
    • , Yue Wu
    • , Lin Shi
    • , Rui Wang
    • , Yu Chen
    • , Ni Xu
    • , Jun Zhao
    • , Jingxia Shao
    • , Yafei Qi
    • , Lijun An
    • , Jen Sheen
    •  & Fei Yu
  • Letter |

    Ecosystem services from forests depend on the species therein, but the type of species diversity may also determine the level of services that the forest can provide. Swedish national forest data show that while mixed stands often provide more services than monoculture forests, it is the relative abundance of species within the mix that can be the key determinant, and necessary for understanding in forest management.

    • Micael Jonsson
    • , Jan Bengtsson
    • , Lars Gamfeldt
    • , Jon Moen
    •  & Tord Snäll
  • Letter |

    Capacity for carbon capture and storage in forests may not be monolithic but instead a function of complex dynamics of forest strata and age. The smaller trees that make up the understory in African tropical forests store their carbon longer as compared to sub-canopy and canopy trees and they represent a disproportionately large share of the carbon sink, in spite of their small size.

    • Wannes Hubau
    • , Tom De Mil
    • , Jan Van den Bulcke
    • , Oliver L. Phillips
    • , Bhély Angoboy Ilondea
    • , Joris Van Acker
    • , Martin J. P. Sullivan
    • , Laurent Nsenga
    • , Benjamin Toirambe
    • , Camille Couralet
    • , Lindsay F. Banin
    • , Serge K. Begne
    • , Timothy R. Baker
    • , Nils Bourland
    • , Eric Chezeaux
    • , Connie J. Clark
    • , Murray Collins
    • , James A. Comiskey
    • , Aida Cuni-Sanchez
    • , Victor Deklerck
    • , Sofie Dierickx
    • , Jean-Louis Doucet
    • , Corneille E. N. Ewango
    • , Ted R. Feldpausch
    • , Martin Gilpin
    • , Christelle Gonmadje
    • , Jefferson S. Hall
    • , David J. Harris
    • , Olivier J. Hardy
    • , Marie-Noel D. Kamdem
    • , Emmanuel Kasongo Yakusu
    • , Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez
    • , Jean-Remy Makana
    • , Yadvinder Malhi
    • , Faustin M. Mbayu
    • , Sam Moore
    • , Jacques Mukinzi
    • , Georgia Pickavance
    • , John R. Poulsen
    • , Jan Reitsma
    • , Mélissa Rousseau
    • , Bonaventure Sonké
    • , Terry Sunderland
    • , Hermann Taedoumg
    • , Joey Talbot
    • , John Tshibamba Mukendi
    • , Peter M. Umunay
    • , Jason Vleminckx
    • , Lee J. T. White
    • , Lise Zemagho
    • , Simon L. Lewis
    •  & Hans Beeckman
  • Article |

    Phosphorus is one of the essential nutrients for all living organisms. Plants and fungi store phosphate in their vacuoles. Multiple plant influx transporters have been reported to import phosphate to the vacuoles. Now, two new phosphate efflux transporters are shown to be important for phosphate export from the vacuole in rice and probably other land plants.

    • Lei Xu
    • , Hongyu Zhao
    • , Renjing Wan
    • , Yu Liu
    • , Zhuang Xu
    • , Wang Tian
    • , Wenyuan Ruan
    • , Fang Wang
    • , Minjuan Deng
    • , Junmin Wang
    • , Liam Dolan
    • , Sheng Luan
    • , Shaowu Xue
    •  & Keke Yi
  • Article |

    This study characterized the unique protein subunit composition and structure of Arabidopsis mitochondrial ribosomes using biochemical assays and cryo-electron microscopy. Ten subunits are pentatricopeptide (PPR) proteins, among which rPPR1 functions as a translation factor.

    • Florent Waltz
    • , Tan-Trung Nguyen
    • , Mathilde Arrivé
    • , Anthony Bochler
    • , Johana Chicher
    • , Philippe Hammann
    • , Lauriane Kuhn
    • , Martine Quadrado
    • , Hakim Mireau
    • , Yaser Hashem
    •  & Philippe Giegé
  • Article | | open

    A high-quality reference genome of the stout camphor tree reveals its genome evolution and supports that magnoliid and eudicot lineages share more common ancestry relative to monocots.

    • Shu-Miaw Chaw
    • , Yu-Ching Liu
    • , Yu-Wei Wu
    • , Han-Yu Wang
    • , Chan-Yi Ivy Lin
    • , Chung-Shien Wu
    • , Huei-Mien Ke
    • , Lo-Yu Chang
    • , Chih-Yao Hsu
    • , Hui-Ting Yang
    • , Edi Sudianto
    • , Min-Hung Hsu
    • , Kun-Pin Wu
    • , Ling-Ni Wang
    • , James H. Leebens-Mack
    •  & Isheng J. Tsai