Volume 1 Issue 3, December 2005

Volume 1 Issue 3

Supernovae are the most powerful events known in the Universe. Most frequently a supernova results from the core-collapse of a dying star, and the wealth of physics involved in the process presents a huge computational challenge to those who try to model it. In this issue, Stan Woosley and Thomas Janka guide us through gravitational collapse, convective instability, neutrino emission and energy deposition, gamma-ray bursts and rapid neutron capture. Two complicating factors — the rate of rotation of the star and the presence of magnetic fields — are likely to be key factors in determining its death throes as a supernova.

Review Article by Woosley and Janka



Books and Arts

Research Highlights

News and Views

  • News & Views |

    Computer viruses can spread through networks with alarming speed. But there is hope that those fighting the plague can keep up with the pace.

    • Alessandro Vespignani
  • News & Views |

    A tighter limit on the half-life of a tellurium nucleus for 'neutrinoless double-beta decay' marks progress towards a better understanding of the ever-elusive neutrinos and the measurement of their mass.

    • David Wark
  • News & Views |

    The emergence of both complex and repeating patterns in a simple microfluidic circuit provides an ideal test-bed for studying self-organized complexity, without the need for exhaustive dynamic control over the parameters that influence complex behaviour.

    • Alfonso M. Gañán-Calvo
  • News & Views |

    Repetition is probably the simplest method of error control. If an experiment fails, repeat it, and do so until it eventually succeeds. Quantum mechanics gives leeway for alternative approaches.

    • Peter Høyer
  • News & Views |

    Berry phases and hidden chiralities are thought to be behind some of the most exotic states in quantum magnets. Polarized neutron scattering unveils the influence of such behaviour on the dynamics of quantum systems.

    • Bella Lake
  • News & Views |

    For a 'real life' quantum computer, mere capability is not good enough. It also has to defy disturbances attempting to weaken its special powers. To succeed, the task has to be addressed on various levels.

    • Daniel Lidar