Review Articles

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  • Optical box traps create a potential landscape for quantum gases that is close to the homogeneous theoretical ideal. This Review of box trapping methods highlights the breakthroughs in experimental many-body physics that have followed their development.

    • Nir Navon
    • Robert P. Smith
    • Zoran Hadzibabic
    Review Article
  • Spectroscopic techniques can probe atomic and molecular gases with exquisite precision. This Review discusses the wide array of methods that have been developed and applied to study many-body physics in ultracold gases.

    • Chris J. Vale
    • Martin Zwierlein
    Review Article
  • Interaction with light can be used to precisely control motional states. This Review surveys recent progress in the preparation of non-classical mechanical states and in the application of optomechanical platforms to specific tasks in quantum technology.

    • Shabir Barzanjeh
    • André Xuereb
    • Eva M. Weig
    Review Article
  • The detailed structure of each atomic species determines what physics can be achieved with ultracold gases. This review discusses the exciting applications that follow from lanthanides’ complex electronic structure.

    • Matthew A. Norcia
    • Francesca Ferlaino
    Review Article
  • Ultracold gases provide a platform for idealized realizations of many-body systems. Thanks to recent advances in quantum gas microscopy, collective quantum phenomena can be probed with single-site resolution.

    • Christian Gross
    • Waseem S. Bakr
    Review Article
  • Laser cooling underpins the field of ultracold quantum gases. This Review surveys recent methodological advances that are pushing quantum gases into new regimes.

    • Florian Schreck
    • Klaasjan van Druten
    Review Article
  • The freedom to manipulate quantum gases with external fields makes them an ideal platform for studying many-body physics. Floquet engineering using time-periodic modulations has greatly expanded the range of accessible models and phenomena.

    • Christof Weitenberg
    • Juliette Simonet
    Review Article
  • Most large quantum systems are ergodic, meaning that over time they forget their initial conditions and thermalize. This article reviews our understanding of seemingly ergodic systems that in fact have some long-lived, non-thermal states.

    • Maksym Serbyn
    • Dmitry A. Abanin
    • Zlatko Papić
    Review Article
  • Moiré heterostructures have latterly captured the attention of condensed-matter physicists. This Review Article explores the idea of adopting them as a quantum simulation platform that enables the study of strongly correlated physics and topology in quantum materials.

    • Dante M. Kennes
    • Martin Claassen
    • Angel Rubio
    Review Article
  • The breakdown of superconductivity is described as a reduction in the amplitude of the order parameter or a breakdown in phase coherence of Cooper pairs. This Review Article highlights recent results that show both mechanisms may be at play simultaneously.

    • Benjamin Sacépé
    • Mikhail Feigel’man
    • Teunis M. Klapwijk
    Review Article
  • Hybrid quantum systems combine heterogeneous physical systems for the implementation of new functionalities at the quantum level. This article reviews recent research on the creation of hybrid quantum systems within the circuit quantum electrodynamics framework.

    • A. A. Clerk
    • K. W. Lehnert
    • Y. Nakamura
    Review Article
  • This Review Article surveys the physics of many-body quantum states formed by microwave photons in circuit quantum electrodynamics environments.

    • Iacopo Carusotto
    • Andrew A. Houck
    • Jonathan Simon
    Review Article
  • This Review Article outlines the techniques necessary for the manipulation of neutral atoms and making use of their interactions, when excited to Rydberg states, to achieve the goal of quantum simulation of many-body physics.

    • Antoine Browaeys
    • Thierry Lahaye
    Review Article
  • Cell size is regulated by processes ranging from rapid fluctuations to slower growth and division. Limited dialogue between communities studying these disparate timescales has hindered our understanding of size control—a gap bridged by this Review.

    • Clotilde Cadart
    • Larisa Venkova
    • Matthieu Piel
    Review Article
  • This Review surveys recent efforts at understanding and characterizing generation of high harmonics from solid-state materials.

    • Shambhu Ghimire
    • David A. Reis
    Review Article
  • It may look like little more than slime, but the glycocalyx coating our cells plays a key role in cell signalling. And changes to its physical structure have been linked to cancer, triggering emergent behaviours that form the focus of this Review.

    • Joe Chin-Hun Kuo
    • Jay G. Gandhi
    • Matthew J. Paszek
    Review Article
  • The behaviour of cells and tissues can be understood in terms of emergent mesoscale states that are determined by a set of physical properties. This Review surveys experimental evidence for these states and the physics underpinning them.

    • Xavier Trepat
    • Erik Sahai
    Review Article