Review Articles

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  • Ultracold atoms are a well-established platform for quantum sensing and metrology. This Review discusses the enhanced sensing capabilities that molecules offer for a range of phenomena, including symmetry-violating forces and dark matter detection.

    • David DeMille
    • Nicholas R. Hutzler
    • Tanya Zelevinsky
    Review Article
  • Molecular ions and hybrid platforms that integrate cold trapped ions and neutral particles offer opportunities for many quantum technologies. This Review surveys recent methodological advances and highlights in the study of cold molecular ions.

    • Markus Deiß
    • Stefan Willitsch
    • Johannes Hecker Denschlag
    Review Article
  • Ultracold molecules and ion–neutral systems offer unique access to chemistry in a coherent quantum regime. This Review charts the progress of studies of quantum chemistry in such platforms, highlighting the synergy between theory and experiments.

    • Tijs Karman
    • Michał Tomza
    • Jesús Pérez-Ríos
    Review Article
  • The study of quantum systems in a programmable and controllable fashion is one of the aims of both quantum simulation and computing. This Review covers the prospects and opportunities that ultracold molecules offer in these fields.

    • Simon L. Cornish
    • Michael R. Tarbutt
    • Kaden R. A. Hazzard
    Review Article
  • Cold and ultracold molecules have emerged in the past two decades as a central topic in quantum gas studies. This Review charts the recent advances in cooling and quantum state control techniques that are shaping this evolving field.

    • Tim Langen
    • Giacomo Valtolina
    • Jun Ye
    Review Article
  • Describing interdependencies and coupling between complex systems requires tools beyond what the framework of single networks offers. This Review covers recent developments in the study and modelling of multilayer networks.

    • Manlio De Domenico
    Review Article
  • Multiple scattering fundamentally complicates the task of sending light through turbid media, as many applications require. This Review summarizes the theoretical framework and experimental techniques to understand and control these processes.

    • Hui Cao
    • Allard Pieter Mosk
    • Stefan Rotter
    Review Article
  • Nonlinearities allow the large number of modes in a multimode fibre to interact and create emergent phenomena. This Review presents the breadth of the high-dimensional nonlinear physics that can be studied in this platform.

    • Logan G. Wright
    • Fan O. Wu
    • Frank W. Wise
    Review Article
  • Seeing—and consequently imaging—through turbid media such as fog is a difficult task, as multiple scattering scrambles the visual information. This Review summarizes techniques that physically or computationally reconstruct the images.

    • Jacopo Bertolotti
    • Ori Katz
    Review Article
  • Optical box traps create a potential landscape for quantum gases that is close to the homogeneous theoretical ideal. This Review of box trapping methods highlights the breakthroughs in experimental many-body physics that have followed their development.

    • Nir Navon
    • Robert P. Smith
    • Zoran Hadzibabic
    Review Article
  • Spectroscopic techniques can probe atomic and molecular gases with exquisite precision. This Review discusses the wide array of methods that have been developed and applied to study many-body physics in ultracold gases.

    • Chris J. Vale
    • Martin Zwierlein
    Review Article
  • Interaction with light can be used to precisely control motional states. This Review surveys recent progress in the preparation of non-classical mechanical states and in the application of optomechanical platforms to specific tasks in quantum technology.

    • Shabir Barzanjeh
    • André Xuereb
    • Eva M. Weig
    Review Article
  • The detailed structure of each atomic species determines what physics can be achieved with ultracold gases. This review discusses the exciting applications that follow from lanthanides’ complex electronic structure.

    • Matthew A. Norcia
    • Francesca Ferlaino
    Review Article
  • Ultracold gases provide a platform for idealized realizations of many-body systems. Thanks to recent advances in quantum gas microscopy, collective quantum phenomena can be probed with single-site resolution.

    • Christian Gross
    • Waseem S. Bakr
    Review Article
  • Laser cooling underpins the field of ultracold quantum gases. This Review surveys recent methodological advances that are pushing quantum gases into new regimes.

    • Florian Schreck
    • Klaasjan van Druten
    Review Article
  • The freedom to manipulate quantum gases with external fields makes them an ideal platform for studying many-body physics. Floquet engineering using time-periodic modulations has greatly expanded the range of accessible models and phenomena.

    • Christof Weitenberg
    • Juliette Simonet
    Review Article
  • Most large quantum systems are ergodic, meaning that over time they forget their initial conditions and thermalize. This article reviews our understanding of seemingly ergodic systems that in fact have some long-lived, non-thermal states.

    • Maksym Serbyn
    • Dmitry A. Abanin
    • Zlatko Papić
    Review Article