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Strong-field-induced nonlinearities from the injection of electrons into the conduction band contribute to harmonic generation in amorphous quartz. Close to the damage threshold, they dominate over intraband and interband contributions.
A memory device is proposed that uses a dynamical modification of the stacking order of few-layer WTe2 to encode information. The change in stacking modifies both the Berry curvature and the Hall transport, allowing two states to be distinguished.
Transport and optical conductivity measurements reveal the non-Fermi liquid behaviour in correlated semimetal Nd2Ir2O7. The result implies the emergent collective charge transport in this compound, not reconcilable with conventional band theory.
The spin polarization of a quantum Hall system is determined by a spin-resolved tunnelling method. This technique shows a substantial regime where the weakly interacting composite fermion picture is not valid.
The quantum Hall effect is realized in a two-dimensional quantum gas system consisting of one spatial dimension and one synthetic dimension encoded in the atomic spin. Measurements show distinct bulk properties rooted in the topological structure.
The quantum effective action describing non-equilibrium dynamics of a many-body system can be inferred from experiment using analogue quantum simulators. Here is an example of how it works for a quasi-one-dimensional spinor Bose gas out of equilibrium.
Error-corrected quantum gates that can tolerate dominant errors during the execution of quantum operations have been demonstrated. Substantial improvement of the gate fidelity sheds light on fault-tolerant universal quantum computation.
In laser–plasma experiments complemented by simulations, electron acceleration is observed in turbulent collisionless shocks. This work clarifies the pre-acceleration to relativistic energies required for the onset of diffusive shock acceleration.
Boundary-localized bulk eigenstates given by the non-Hermitian skin effect are observed in a non-reciprocal topological circuit. A fundamental revision of the bulk–boundary correspondence in an open system is required to understand the underlying physics.
Here, it is shown that superconductivity can exist without correlated insulating states in twisted bilayer graphene devices a little away from the magic angle. This indicates the two phases compete with each other, in contrast to previous claims.
The cores of neutron stars could be made of hadronic matter or quark matter. By combining first-principles calculations with observational data, evidence for the presence of quark matter in neutron star cores is found.
The localization properties of waves in the quasiperiodic chains described by the Aubry–André model and Fibonacci model are investigated. Passing from one model to the other, the system develops a cascade of delocalization transitions.
The Rydberg-atom superhet, based on microwave-dressed Rydberg atoms and a tailored electromagnetically induced transparency spectrum, allows SI-traceable measurements of microwave electric fields with unprecedented sensitivity.
A careful study of quantum oscillations of single crystals of the cuprate superconductor YBCO placed under a magnetic field reveals a sawtooth behaviour that is reminiscent of two-dimensional electronic systems—in turn suggesting the existence of a so-called ‘hard antinodal gap’ in this system.
Error-transparent quantum gates that can tolerate certain error during the execution of quantum operations have been demonstrated. Substantial improvement of the gate fidelity sheds lights on large-scale universal quantum computation.
Transmitting the time signal and generating the secure key with the same carrier photon improves the security of a satellite-based quantum-secure time transfer protocol, which uses two-way quantum key distribution.
Coupling of the quadrupole moment of an electron in a triple quantum dot to photons has been predicted to be a good platform for reducing the effect of charge noise on the decoherence time of a qubit. Here, the authors create such a coupling.
Electron spins in solid usually relax their energy through the coupling with phonons in the host lattice. By using the coupling to microwave photons in a cavity as an alternative relaxation path, it is demonstrated that spins can be cooled below the lattice temperature.
α-RuCl3 is a promising candidate for realizing the Kitaev quantum spin liquid, but the physics governing its magnetic behaviour remain elusive. Resonant elastic X-ray scattering data now set unambiguous constraints on the leading terms in the Hamiltonian.
A passive, heralded and high-fidelity quantum memory network node has been realized, which connects simultaneously to two quantum channels provided by orthogonally aligned optical fibre cavities coupled with a single atom.
Isotopes with an odd number of neutrons are usually slightly smaller in size than their even-neutron neighbours. In charge radii of short-lived copper isotopes, a reduction of this effect is observed when the neutron number approaches fifty.
Compton scattering experiments off helium atoms for photon energies close to the ionization threshold reveal that electrons are not only emitted in the direction of the momentum transfer but also backwards.
Moiré engineering has rapidly gained currency as a means to manipulate electronic states of matter in van der Waals heterostructures. Now, the feat is achieved in epitaxially grown oxide heterostructures, thus opening up fresh opportunities for strongly correlated electronic systems.
In one-dimensional quantum magnets, complex bound states of magnetic excitations known as Bethe strings have long been predicted. Now, a detailed neutron scattering study of SrCo2V2O8 reveals their magnetic-field-dependent dispersion relation.
What happens to topological materials when their electrons are strongly interacting is an open question. Shao and others demonstrate that ZrSiSe is a material that can address this as it has a topological band structure and non-trivial correlations.
A trapped quantum gas and optical microscopy are simultaneously employed to measure the nematicity of an iron-based superconductor. This demonstrates the potential of quantum gases to be used for scanning microscopy of quantum materials.
The quark–gluon plasma, in which quarks and gluons are deconfined, is a transient state created in collisions of heavy nuclei. By defining an effective temperature, this temperature and the system’s entropy density and speed of sound are determined.
Placing two Bernal-stacked graphene bilayers on top of each other with a small twist angle gives correlated states. As the band structure can be tuned by an electric field, this platform is a more varied setting to study correlated electrons.
Two-dimensional density patterns with two-, four- and six-fold symmetries emerge in homogeneous Bose–Einstein condensates when the atomic interactions are modulated at multiple frequencies causing the coherent mixing of excitations.
A detailed neutron-scattering study reveals a quantum spin liquid behaviour in Ce2Sn2O7 originating from its higher-order magnetic multipolar moments acting on the geometrically frustrated pyrochlore lattice.
Activity in certain living systems can lead to swirling flows akin to turbulence. Here, the authors connect the dynamics of topological defects in starfish oocyte membranes to vortex dynamics in 2D Bose–Einstein condensates.
One way of producing Majorana fermions for topological quantum computing is to induce superconductivity in other topological states. Here, the proximity effect does this for the quantum spin Hall effect state in a 2D material.
The choice of the physical system that represents a qubit can help reduce errors. Encoding them in the quadrature space of a superconducting resonator leads to exponentially reduced bit-flip rates, while phase-flip errors increase only linearly.
Bound states at zero energy are observed at the ends of a line defect formed of atomic vacancies on the surface of a high-temperature superconductor. This indicates the possible presence of Majorana modes.
Spectroscopic study of the low-energy excitations in magnetite Fe3O4 shows the signatures of its charge-ordered structure involved in the metal–insulator transition, whose building blocks are the three-site small polarons, termed trimerons.
Small-angle neutron scattering measurements show that the vortices of the heavy-fermion compound UPt3 possess an internal degree of freedom in one of its three superconducting phases, implying the breaking of time-reversal symmetry in the bulk.
The STAR collaboration reports a measurement of the mass difference and binding energy of the hypertriton and its antiparticle. This work constrains the hyperon–nucleon interaction and allows us to test the CPT theorem in a nucleus with strangeness.
Knowledge of the spreading mechanisms of contagions is important for understanding a range of epidemiological and social problems. A study now shows that so-called simple and complex contagions cannot be told apart if there is more than one simple contagion traversing the population at the same time.
Light-induced deformations in a film of superfluid helium covering an optical microresonator can greatly enhance Brillouin interactions, enabling strong coupling between counter-propagating modes as well as Brillouin lasing.
Cooling an atom–ion hybrid system and bringing it into the quantum regime is challenging owing to the unavoidable heating caused by atom–ion collisions. Here a new record low is achieved in such a system, and the quantum effect starts to manifest.
In a process dubbed elastic ripening, compressive stresses in a polymer network are shown to suppress phase separation of the solvent that swells it, stabilizing mixtures well beyond the liquid–liquid phase separation boundary.
In natural materials, defects determine many properties. In spin-analogue mechanical metamaterials, deterministically inserted topological defects enable the design of complex deformation and stress distributions.
The motor protein dynein is associated with microtubule force generation in the cell; how it interacts with cytoskeletal fluctuations is still an open question. Here the authors show that dynein can harness these fluctuations to generate power and move faster towards the minus-end of microtubules.
The authors develop a high-spatial-resolution photoemission technique to show variation of the energy of the Dirac point of approximately 50 meV. They also find an interplay between bulk and surface states.
In a mathematical model of democratic elections, electoral instability is shown to be linked to negative representation, which occurs when a shift in electoral opinions pushes the election outcome in the opposite direction.