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  • For a problem as complex as turbulence, combining universal concepts from statistical physics with ideas from fluid mechanics has proven indispensable. Three decades since this link was formed, it is still providing food for new thought.

    • Yves Pomeau
  • Many-electron wavefunctions face the exponential-wall problem at large electron numbers. Formulating wavefunctions with the help of cumulants effectively avoids this problem and provides a valuable starting point for electronic-structure calculations for solids.

    • Peter Fulde
  • Sustaining and measuring high temperatures in fusion plasmas is a challenging task that requires different heating systems and diagnostic tools. Information on the spatial distribution of temperature is one of the key elements for improving and controlling plasma performance.

    • Didier Mazon
    • Christel Fenzi
    • Roland Sabot
  • The redefinition of several physical base units planned for 2018 requires precise knowledge of the values of certain fundamental physical constants. Scientists are working hard to meet the deadlines for realizing the ultimate International System of Units.

    • Joachim Fischer
    • Joachim Ullrich
  • In the quest for ever-lower temperatures, making new discoveries and overcoming technical challenges go hand in hand — and push the limits of thermometry standardization.

    • Juha Tuoriniemi
  • The past 25 years have seen tremendous progress in thermometry across the moderate temperature range of 1 K to 1,235 K. Various primary thermometers, based on a wide range of different physics, have uncovered errors in the International Temperature Scale of 1990, and set the stage for the planned redefinition of the kelvin.

    • Michael R. Moldover
    • Weston L. Tew
    • Howard W. Yoon
  • Bose–Einstein condensation in atomic gases was first observed in 1995. As we look back at the past 20 years of this thriving field, it's clear that there is much to celebrate.

    • Wolfgang Ketterle
  • Career opportunities are often a matter of chance, but also of a willingness to cross interdisciplinary boundaries.

    • Abraham Loeb
  • Condensed-matter physics brings us quasiparticles that behave like massless fermions.

    • B. Andrei Bernevig
  • What is it about the Hubble Space Telescope that so captivates its users and the public at large? I offer my personal views on this iconic telescope.

    • Luis C. Ho
  • A new NASA mission will reveal the electron-scale physics of magnetic reconnection, a process that connects our planet to the rest of the Universe.

    • Thomas Earle Moore
    • James L. Burch
    • Roy B. Torbert
  • Quantum technologies, including quantum sensors, quantum communication and quantum metrology, represent a growing industry. Out in space, such technologies can revolutionize the way we communicate and observe our planet.

    • Kai Bongs
    • Michael Holynski
    • Yeshpal Singh
  • On astronomical scales, gravity is the engine of the Universe. The launch of LISA Pathfinder this year to prepare the technology to detect gravitational waves will help us 'listen' to the whole Universe.

    • Karsten Danzmann
  • This year, NASA's Dawn and New Horizons rendezvoused with Ceres and Pluto, respectively. These worlds, despite their modest sizes, have much to teach us about the accretion of the Solar System and its dynamical evolution.

    • William B. McKinnon
  • The history of the fierce opposition met by Einstein's theory of relativity in the 1920s teaches us that public controversies about science are not necessarily settled by sound scientific reasoning.

    • Milena Wazeck
  • Coupling electromagnetic waves to mechanical waves has led to a remarkable miniaturization of wireless communication technologies. Now, spin waves could provide us with technologies that are small and reprogrammable.

    • Dirk Grundler
  • Research in high-energy physics produces masses of data, demanding extensive computational resources. The scientists responsible for managing these resources are now turning to cloud and high-performance computing.

    • Sergey Panitkin
  • Writing efficient scientific software that makes best use of the increasing complexity of computer architectures requires bringing together modelling, applied mathematics and computer engineering. Physics may help unite these approaches.

    • Thomas C. Schulthess
  • Granting access to publications and data may be a step towards open science, but it's not enough to ensure reproducibility. Making computer code available is also necessary — but the emphasis must be on the quality of the programming.

    • Tony Hey
    • Mike C. Payne
  • Research in quantum optics has already led to commercial technologies, but the gap between the lab and market products is still large. Looking from the industrial side, one can see ways of bridging this gap.

    • Jürgen Stuhler