Material surface rendered via electron microscopy

November issue

This month we reflect on this year's Nobel Prize in Physics, admire charge mosaics in dielectrics, and measure the width of a Higgs boson.

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  • Complex optics insight

    Disorder and mode interactions are often treated as sources of noise, but can shape the flow of light in interesting and useful ways. This Insight reviews the fundamental physics and broad applications of optics in disordered and multimodal media.

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  • Attosecond circular-dichroism chronoscopy—a spectroscopy technique that employs two circularly polarized pulses in co-rotating and counter-rotating geometries—can measure the amplitudes and phases of continuum–continuum transitions in electron vortices.

    • Meng Han
    • Jia-Bao Ji
    • Hans Jakob Wörner
    Article
  • During development, tissues with complex topology emerge from collections of cells with simple geometry. This process in neuroepithelial organoids is governed by two topologically distinct modes of epithelial fusion.

    • Keisuke Ishihara
    • Arghyadip Mukherjee
    • Frank Jülicher
    Letter Open Access
    • Manipulating the chirality of electron vortices using attosecond metrology allows the clocking of continuum–continuum transitions, bringing the dream of time-resolved quantum physics a little closer.

      • Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap
      News & Views
    • Elasticity-driven synchronization in active solids has been predicted theoretically and was recently realized in a synthetic system. A biological realization is now demonstrated in a bacterial biofilm.

      • Japinder Nijjer
      • Tal Cohen
      • Jing Yan
      News & Views
    • The performance of computing devices is determined by the implementation of logical operations at the hardware level. A quantum AND gate designed using three energy levels of a superconducting circuit may speed up quantum computing algorithms.

      • Zhang Jiang
      News & Views
    • Organs in the human body have complex networks of fluid-filled tubes and loops with different geometries and topologies. By studying self-organized, synthetic tissues, the link between topological transitions and the emergence of tissue architecture was revealed.

      Research Briefing
    • In a burning plasma, fusion-born α particles are the dominant source of heating. In such conditions, the deuterium and tritium ion energy distribution deviates from the expected thermal Maxwellian distribution.

      • Stefano Atzeni
      News & Views
  • There is an urgent need to rethink the Nobel Prize in Physics in the light of the climate crisis. As expressed by its founder, the award should acknowledge research that addresses pressing challenges for humanity.

    • Doris Vollmer
    • Roland J.-R. Bednarz
    • Beatrice Bednarz
    Comment
  • The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded “for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science”, a long-anticipated topic for the prize.

    Editorial
  • Units of length have come a long way: from countless local variants to standardized measures. Peter Sidaway looks back at some milestones.

    • Peter Sidaway
    Measure for Measure
Feynman diagrams that contribute to the production of the Higgs boson form the number ten.

The Higgs boson discovery turns ten

The discovery of the Higgs boson was announced ten years ago on the 4th of July 2012 — an event that substantially advanced our understanding of the origin of elementary particles’ masses.
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