Volume 12 Issue 7, July 2018

Volume 12 Issue 7

Non-invasive laser vision correction

Artist’s impression of a new form of non-invasive, laser-based vision correction that uses a femtosecond laser to induce mechanical and refractive changes in the eye’s cornea.

See Vukelic et al.

Image: Andy Potts for Vukelic Group at Columbia University. Cover Design: Bethany Vukomanovic.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    The International Day of Light is an achievement that the entire photonics community can be proud of. Let’s be inspired by the celebrations to begin planning for next year’s event.

Books & Arts

Research Highlights

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    Efficient photon upconversion is desired for applications ranging from molecular sensing to solar-energy harvesting. Now, the population of hidden triplet state electrons, created on dye antennas and rare-earth-doped nanoparticles, has been amplified to brighten upconversion by five orders of magnitude.

    • Jiajia Zhou
    •  & Dayong Jin
  • News & Views |

    Interferometric analysis of the weak light scattered from proteins makes it possible to determine their mass.

    • Kyu Young Han
    •  & Taekjip Ha
  • News & Views |

    The finding that the quasi-1D crystal BaTiS3 features a large optical anisotropy and a broadband birefringence spanning the infrared is likely to reignite interest in quasi-1D optical materials.

    • Jian Wang
    •  & Kirill Kovnir
  • News & Views |

    The demonstration of broadband, electrically tunable third-order nonlinear optical responses in graphene is promising for a host of nonlinear optical applications.

    • Zhipei Sun

Letters

  • Letter |

    Using high-temperature gas mixtures as the generation medium to increase the translational velocity of Xe atoms through the focus of a femtosecond enhancement cavity, phase-matched extreme-ultraviolet emission at a repetition rate of 77 MHz and with an average power of ~ 2 mW in a single harmonic order is achieved.

    • Gil Porat
    • , Christoph M. Heyl
    • , Stephen B. Schoun
    • , Craig Benko
    • , Nadine Dörre
    • , Kristan L. Corwin
    •  & Jun Ye
  • Letter |

    Highly crystalline BaTiS3 has been shown to exhibit record-breaking birefringence of 0.76 in the wavelength range of 7–16 μm. The large anisotropy is a result of its quasi-one-dimensional structure.

    • Shanyuan Niu
    • , Graham Joe
    • , Huan Zhao
    • , Yucheng Zhou
    • , Thomas Orvis
    • , Huaixun Huyan
    • , Jad Salman
    • , Krishnamurthy Mahalingam
    • , Brittany Urwin
    • , Jiangbin Wu
    • , Yang Liu
    • , Thomas E. Tiwald
    • , Stephen B. Cronin
    • , Brandon M. Howe
    • , Matthew Mecklenburg
    • , Ralf Haiges
    • , David J. Singh
    • , Han Wang
    • , Mikhail A. Kats
    •  & Jayakanth Ravichandran

Articles

  • Article |

    Lanthanide-doped upconverting nanoparticles exhibiting a 33,000 times increase in brightness and a 100 times increase in efficiency over bare upconverting nanoparticles are demonstrated. The findings are relevant in fields from solar energy to biophotonics.

    • David J. Garfield
    • , Nicholas J. Borys
    • , Samia M. Hamed
    • , Nicole A. Torquato
    • , Cheryl A. Tajon
    • , Bining Tian
    • , Brian Shevitski
    • , Edward S. Barnard
    • , Yung Doug Suh
    • , Shaul Aloni
    • , Jeffrey B. Neaton
    • , Emory M. Chan
    • , Bruce E. Cohen
    •  & P. James Schuck
  • Article |

    Eigenmodes of photonic crystal defects have now been topologically protected in an experimental demonstration that also shows how to minimize the mode volume.

    • Jiho Noh
    • , Wladimir A. Benalcazar
    • , Sheng Huang
    • , Matthew J. Collins
    • , Kevin P. Chen
    • , Taylor L. Hughes
    •  & Mikael C. Rechtsman
  • Article |

    While modifications of emission and absorption rates are commonplace in photonics, similar manipulations of emitter transition frequencies are challenging. Here, 2D polaritons in graphene are predicted to enable non-vertical electronic transitions in a quantum well, controlling the transition frequencies by inducing an effective non-locality.

    • Yaniv Kurman
    • , Nicholas Rivera
    • , Thomas Christensen
    • , Shai Tsesses
    • , Meir Orenstein
    • , Marin Soljačić
    • , John D. Joannopoulos
    •  & Ido Kaminer
  • Article |

    Third-harmonic generation and four-wave mixing of light can be enhanced in graphene with gate tuning to adjust the doping level. The findings may lead to new graphene-based nonlinear optoelectronic devices.

    • Tao Jiang
    • , Di Huang
    • , Jinluo Cheng
    • , Xiaodong Fan
    • , Zhihong Zhang
    • , Yuwei Shan
    • , Yangfan Yi
    • , Yunyun Dai
    • , Lei Shi
    • , Kaihui Liu
    • , Changgan Zeng
    • , Jian Zi
    • , J. E. Sipe
    • , Yuen-Ron Shen
    • , Wei-Tao Liu
    •  & Shiwei Wu

Amendments & Corrections