Letters

  • Letter |

    Gate reflectometry on an ancillary dot coupled to an electron reservoir is used to read the spin of a qubit in a CMOS device in a single shot with an average fidelity above 98% within 0.5 ms.

    • Matias Urdampilleta
    • , David J. Niegemann
    • , Emmanuel Chanrion
    • , Baptiste Jadot
    • , Cameron Spence
    • , Pierre-André Mortemousque
    • , Christopher Bäuerle
    • , Louis Hutin
    • , Benoit Bertrand
    • , Sylvain Barraud
    • , Romain Maurand
    • , Marc Sanquer
    • , Xavier Jehl
    • , Silvano De Franceschi
    • , Maud Vinet
    •  & Tristan Meunier
  • Letter |

    Thermal diffusion of skyrmions in a non-flat energy landscape shows exponential temperature dependence and can be used for a reshuffler device with potential application in probabilistic computing.

    • Jakub Zázvorka
    • , Florian Jakobs
    • , Daniel Heinze
    • , Niklas Keil
    • , Sascha Kromin
    • , Samridh Jaiswal
    • , Kai Litzius
    • , Gerhard Jakob
    • , Peter Virnau
    • , Daniele Pinna
    • , Karin Everschor-Sitte
    • , Levente Rózsa
    • , Andreas Donges
    • , Ulrich Nowak
    •  & Mathias Kläui
  • Letter |

    While measurement of an electron spin commonly destroys it, the quantum non-demolition measurement implemented here for an electron spin qubit in a semiconductor quantum dot preserves the measured spin and allows for exponential suppression of readout errors by repeated measurements.

    • Takashi Nakajima
    • , Akito Noiri
    • , Jun Yoneda
    • , Matthieu R. Delbecq
    • , Peter Stano
    • , Tomohiro Otsuka
    • , Kenta Takeda
    • , Shinichi Amaha
    • , Giles Allison
    • , Kento Kawasaki
    • , Arne Ludwig
    • , Andreas D. Wieck
    • , Daniel Loss
    •  & Seigo Tarucha
  • Letter |

    Spin currents from an adjacent Pt layer can drive homochiral Néel domain walls in centrosymmetric rare-earth iron garnet films at more than 800 m s–1, taking advantage of the antiferromagnetic spin dynamics of the ferrimagnetic oxide.

    • Can Onur Avci
    • , Ethan Rosenberg
    • , Lucas Caretta
    • , Felix Büttner
    • , Maxwell Mann
    • , Colin Marcus
    • , David Bono
    • , Caroline A. Ross
    •  & Geoffrey S. D. Beach
  • Letter |

    MoS2 is shown to exhibit a stronger vdW interaction with graphite than with hexagon boron nitride, which is well described by Lifshitz theory and utilized to construct 2D heterostructures in a sophisticated way

    • Baowen Li
    • , Jun Yin
    • , Xiaofei Liu
    • , Hongrong Wu
    • , Jidong Li
    • , Xuemei Li
    •  & Wanlin Guo
  • Letter |

    Gate-tuning of a Fermi reservoir enables the deterministic loading of single electrons or holes into a localized quantum dot in a WSe2 monolayer and the observation of hybrid excitons originating from strong, spin-conserving tunnelling between the dot and the reservoir.

    • Mauro Brotons-Gisbert
    • , Artur Branny
    • , Santosh Kumar
    • , Raphaël Picard
    • , Raphaël Proux
    • , Mason Gray
    • , Kenneth S. Burch
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    •  & Brian D. Gerardot
  • Letter |

    Under the application of a magnetic field, the 2D electron gas in a gated MoS2 monolayer becomes spin-polarized, the Coulomb interaction probably being key to the symmetry breaking.

    • Jonas Gaël Roch
    • , Guillaume Froehlicher
    • , Nadine Leisgang
    • , Peter Makk
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    •  & Richard John Warburton
  • Letter |

    Instead of using capacitively coupled charge sensors, which imply additional complexity in the device architecture, radiofrequency reflectometry on the gate defining the quantum dot can read out the spin state of a double quantum dot in a single shot.

    • Anderson West
    • , Bas Hensen
    • , Alexis Jouan
    • , Tuomo Tanttu
    • , Chih-Hwan Yang
    • , Alessandro Rossi
    • , M. Fernando Gonzalez-Zalba
    • , Fay Hudson
    • , Andrea Morello
    • , David J. Reilly
    •  & Andrew S. Dzurak
  • Letter |

    While neutral-charge quantum dots in optically active WSe2 do not show spin-valley initialization, localized holes possess a net spin and their spin-valley state can be selected with the helicity of the laser excitation.

    • Xin Lu
    • , Xiaotong Chen
    • , Sudipta Dubey
    • , Qiang Yao
    • , Weijie Li
    • , Xingzhi Wang
    • , Qihua Xiong
    •  & Ajit Srivastava
  • Letter |

    Lanthanide-doped nanoparticles could be used as labels for the imaging of biomolecules, potentially leading to a multicolour modality in electron microscopy.

    • Maxim B. Prigozhin
    • , Peter C. Maurer
    • , Alexandra M. Courtis
    • , Nian Liu
    • , Michael D. Wisser
    • , Chris Siefe
    • , Bining Tian
    • , Emory Chan
    • , Guosheng Song
    • , Stefan Fischer
    • , Shaul Aloni
    • , D. Frank Ogletree
    • , Edward S. Barnard
    • , Lydia-Marie Joubert
    • , Jianghong Rao
    • , A. Paul Alivisatos
    • , Roger M. Macfarlane
    • , Bruce E. Cohen
    • , Yi Cui
    • , Jennifer A. Dionne
    •  & Steven Chu
  • Letter |

    A significant mobility increase in TMD-based field-effect transistors is achieved via engineering of nanometre-scale corrugations and crests in the dielectric substrate.

    • Tao Liu
    • , Song Liu
    • , Kun-Hua Tu
    • , Hennrik Schmidt
    • , Leiqiang Chu
    • , Du Xiang
    • , Jens Martin
    • , Goki Eda
    • , Caroline A. Ross
    •  & Slaven Garaj
  • Letter |

    Ballistic avalanche phenomena in vertical InSe/BP heterostructures enable the demonstration of high-performance avalanche photodetectors and impact ionization transistors.

    • Anyuan Gao
    • , Jiawei Lai
    • , Yaojia Wang
    • , Zhen Zhu
    • , Junwen Zeng
    • , Geliang Yu
    • , Naizhou Wang
    • , Wenchao Chen
    • , Tianjun Cao
    • , Weida Hu
    • , Dong Sun
    • , Xianhui Chen
    • , Feng Miao
    • , Yi Shi
    •  & Xiaomu Wang
  • Letter |

    A metalens array of GaN nanoantennas is used to make a full-colour achromatic light-field camera.

    • Ren Jie Lin
    • , Vin-Cent Su
    • , Shuming Wang
    • , Mu Ku Chen
    • , Tsung Lin Chung
    • , Yu Han Chen
    • , Hsin Yu Kuo
    • , Jia-Wern Chen
    • , Ji Chen
    • , Yi-Teng Huang
    • , Jung-Hsi Wang
    • , Cheng Hung Chu
    • , Pin Chieh Wu
    • , Tao Li
    • , Zhenlin Wang
    • , Shining Zhu
    •  & Din Ping Tsai
  • Letter |

    An antiferromagnetic memory with piezoelectric strain control can be operated in high magnetic fields and combines a small device footprint with low switching power.

    • Han Yan
    • , Zexin Feng
    • , Shunli Shang
    • , Xiaoning Wang
    • , Zexiang Hu
    • , Jinhua Wang
    • , Zengwei Zhu
    • , Hui Wang
    • , Zuhuang Chen
    • , Hui Hua
    • , Wenkuo Lu
    • , Jingmin Wang
    • , Peixin Qin
    • , Huixin Guo
    • , Xiaorong Zhou
    • , Zhaoguogang Leng
    • , Zikui Liu
    • , Chengbao Jiang
    • , Michael Coey
    •  & Zhiqi Liu
  • Letter |

    A graphene-based Josephson junction incorporated in a superconducting circuit forms a voltage-tunable transmon qubit that can be controlled coherently.

    • Joel I-Jan Wang
    • , Daniel Rodan-Legrain
    • , Landry Bretheau
    • , Daniel L. Campbell
    • , Bharath Kannan
    • , David Kim
    • , Morten Kjaergaard
    • , Philip Krantz
    • , Gabriel O. Samach
    • , Fei Yan
    • , Jonilyn L. Yoder
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Terry P. Orlando
    • , Simon Gustavsson
    • , Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
    •  & William D. Oliver
  • Letter |

    Ultrasoft nanomesh electronics enable monitoring of the field potential of cardiomyocytes without interference with their natural motion.

    • Sunghoon Lee
    • , Daisuke Sasaki
    • , Dongmin Kim
    • , Mami Mori
    • , Tomoyuki Yokota
    • , Hyunjae Lee
    • , Sungjun Park
    • , Kenjiro Fukuda
    • , Masaki Sekino
    • , Katsuhisa Matsuura
    • , Tatsuya Shimizu
    •  & Takao Someya
  • Letter |

    Electrical damage of insulating polypropylene can be healed by heating surface-functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles dispersed in the polymer with oscillating magnetic fields, which activates nanoparticle diffusion and local melting of the damaged regions.

    • Yang Yang
    • , Jinliang He
    • , Qi Li
    • , Lei Gao
    • , Jun Hu
    • , Rong Zeng
    • , Jian Qin
    • , Shan X. Wang
    •  & Qing Wang
  • Letter |

    Zigzag arrays of silicon nanoparticles show topologically protected third-harmonic generation at the nanoscale.

    • Sergey Kruk
    • , Alexander Poddubny
    • , Daria Smirnova
    • , Lei Wang
    • , Alexey Slobozhanyuk
    • , Alexander Shorokhov
    • , Ivan Kravchenko
    • , Barry Luther-Davies
    •  & Yuri Kivshar
  • Letter |

    A photocurrent enhancement at the charge neutrality point is observed in graphene when the Fermi level matches the Dirac point.

    • Qiong Ma
    • , Chun Hung Lui
    • , Justin C. W. Song
    • , Yuxuan Lin
    • , Jian Feng Kong
    • , Yuan Cao
    • , Thao H. Dinh
    • , Nityan L. Nair
    • , Wenjing Fang
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Su-Yang Xu
    • , Jing Kong
    • , Tomás Palacios
    • , Nuh Gedik
    • , Nathaniel M. Gabor
    •  & Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
  • Letter |

    The long-range magnetic order in an artificial crystal that exhibits emergent ferrotoroidicity on the mesoscale can be manipulated by an effective magnetic vortex field that is generated by a scanning process with a magnetic tip.

    • Jannis Lehmann
    • , Claire Donnelly
    • , Peter M. Derlet
    • , Laura J. Heyderman
    •  & Manfred Fiebig
  • Letter |

    Low-energy electron microscopy enables controlled synthesis and characterization of (large) single-crystal borophene on metal substrates.

    • Rongting Wu
    • , Ilya K. Drozdov
    • , Stephen Eltinge
    • , Percy Zahl
    • , Sohrab Ismail-Beigi
    • , Ivan Božović
    •  & Adrian Gozar
  • Letter |

    The nuclear spin of individual atoms is polarized by the tunnelling current from a scanning tunnelling microscope tip, enabling nuclear magnetic resonance to sense the local magnetic environment.

    • Kai Yang
    • , Philip Willke
    • , Yujeong Bae
    • , Alejandro Ferrón
    • , Jose L. Lado
    • , Arzhang Ardavan
    • , Joaquín Fernández-Rossier
    • , Andreas J. Heinrich
    •  & Christopher P. Lutz
  • Letter |

    A spin-polarized current responsible for the planar Hall effect and anisotropic magnetoresistance is found to generate large antidamping spin–orbit torque in normal metal/ferromagnet/normal metal trilayers.

    • Christopher Safranski
    • , Eric A. Montoya
    •  & Ilya N. Krivorotov
  • Letter |

    The release of nuclear-localizing gold species from intracellular gold nanorods may alter gene expression on interaction with the genomic DNA.

    • Diwei Ho
    • , Jessica A. Kretzmann
    • , Marck Norret
    • , Priyanka Toshniwal
    • , Jean-Pierre Veder
    • , Haibo Jiang
    • , Paul Guagliardo
    • , Alaa M. Munshi
    • , Reena Chawla
    • , Cameron W. Evans
    • , Tristan D. Clemons
    • , Michelle Nguyen
    • , Amy L. Kretzmann
    • , Amanda J. Blythe
    • , Martin Saunders
    • , Michael Archer
    • , Melinda Fitzgerald
    • , Jeffrey A. Keelan
    • , Charles S. Bond
    • , Matt R. Kilburn
    • , Laurence H. Hurley
    • , Nicole M. Smith
    •  & K. Swaminathan Iyer
  • Letter |

    The striped polarization domains in a BiFeO3/TbScO3 heterostructure induce alternating p- and n-type doping at the interface, giving rise to strongly anisotropic in-plane conductance.

    • Yi Zhang
    • , Haidong Lu
    • , Lin Xie
    • , Xingxu Yan
    • , Tula R. Paudel
    • , Jeongwoo Kim
    • , Xiaoxing Cheng
    • , Hui Wang
    • , Colin Heikes
    • , Linze Li
    • , Mingjie Xu
    • , Darrell G. Schlom
    • , Long-Qing Chen
    • , Ruqian Wu
    • , Evgeny Y. Tsymbal
    • , Alexei Gruverman
    •  & Xiaoqing Pan
  • Letter |

    Graphene mechanically controlled break junctions show room-temperature quantum interference effects as a function of sub-nanometre displacements.

    • Sabina Caneva
    • , Pascal Gehring
    • , Víctor M. García-Suárez
    • , Amador García-Fuente
    • , Davide Stefani
    • , Ignacio J. Olavarria-Contreras
    • , Jaime Ferrer
    • , Cees Dekker
    •  & Herre S. J. van der Zant
  • Letter |

    Using lifetime-resolved imaging techniques, engineered nanoparticles can be used to perform multiplexed imaging in the NIR-II region with limited interference from biological tissues, thus by-passing the challenges of conventional deep imaging.

    • Yong Fan
    • , Peiyuan Wang
    • , Yiqing Lu
    • , Rui Wang
    • , Lei Zhou
    • , Xianlin Zheng
    • , Xiaomin Li
    • , James A. Piper
    •  & Fan Zhang
  • Letter |

    Hybrid light–matter states at the surface of a 2D material can interact strongly and propagate over macroscopic distances.

    • Fábio Barachati
    • , Antonio Fieramosca
    • , Soroush Hafezian
    • , Jie Gu
    • , Biswanath Chakraborty
    • , Dario Ballarini
    • , Ludvik Martinu
    • , Vinod Menon
    • , Daniele Sanvitto
    •  & Stéphane Kéna-Cohen
  • Letter |

    An ensemble multicolour FRET model is introduced and used to extend multicolour barcoding to extreme FRET regimes, enabling in silico design of 580 barcode responses using common dyes and cytometer optics, and permitting fully automated decoding.

    • Milad Dagher
    • , Michael Kleinman
    • , Andy Ng
    •  & David Juncker
  • Letter |

    DNA origami-based integrated gene transcription modules enable the rational design of transcription activity. Architectural modalities between gene and RNA polymerase allow the autonomous response to various signals with reprogrammable logic gates.

    • Takeya Masubuchi
    • , Masayuki Endo
    • , Ryo Iizuka
    • , Ayaka Iguchi
    • , Dong Hyun Yoon
    • , Tetsushi Sekiguchi
    • , Hao Qi
    • , Ryosuke Iinuma
    • , Yuya Miyazono
    • , Shuichi Shoji
    • , Takashi Funatsu
    • , Hiroshi Sugiyama
    • , Yoshie Harada
    • , Takuya Ueda
    •  & Hisashi Tadakuma
  • Letter |

    Scalable gate tunable superconducting qubits can be realized using a proximitized InAs two-dimensional electron gas.

    • Lucas Casparis
    • , Malcolm R. Connolly
    • , Morten Kjaergaard
    • , Natalie J. Pearson
    • , Anders Kringhøj
    • , Thorvald W. Larsen
    • , Ferdinand Kuemmeth
    • , Tiantian Wang
    • , Candice Thomas
    • , Sergei Gronin
    • , Geoffrey C. Gardner
    • , Michael J. Manfra
    • , Charles M. Marcus
    •  & Karl D. Petersson
  • Letter |

    Lateral TMD–graphene–topological insulator hetero-devices enable room-temperature optoelectronic transport of the valley-locked spin polarization degree of freedom.

    • Soonyoung Cha
    • , Minji Noh
    • , Jehyun Kim
    • , Jangyup Son
    • , Hyemin Bae
    • , Doeon Lee
    • , Hoil Kim
    • , Jekwan Lee
    • , Ho-Seung Shin
    • , Sangwan Sim
    • , Seunghoon Yang
    • , Sooun Lee
    • , Wooyoung Shim
    • , Chul-Ho Lee
    • , Moon-Ho Jo
    • , Jun Sung Kim
    • , Dohun Kim
    •  & Hyunyong Choi
  • Letter |

    Graphene quantum dots inhibit the formation of alpha-synuclein fibrils and induce their dissociation in vitro, and display neuro-protective properties in in vivo models of Parkinson’s disease, with no appreciable long-term toxicity.

    • Donghoon Kim
    • , Je Min Yoo
    • , Heehong Hwang
    • , Junghee Lee
    • , Su Hyun Lee
    • , Seung Pil Yun
    • , Myung Jin Park
    • , MinJun Lee
    • , Seulah Choi
    • , Sang Ho Kwon
    • , Saebom Lee
    • , Seung-Hwan Kwon
    • , Sangjune Kim
    • , Yong Joo Park
    • , Misaki Kinoshita
    • , Young-Ho Lee
    • , Seokmin Shin
    • , Seung R. Paik
    • , Sung Joong Lee
    • , Seulki Lee
    • , Byung Hee Hong
    •  & Han Seok Ko
  • Letter |

    A superconducting field-effect transistor was demonstrated with a structure made of different Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer superconductors.

    • Giorgio De Simoni
    • , Federico Paolucci
    • , Paolo Solinas
    • , Elia Strambini
    •  & Francesco Giazotto
  • Letter |

    Few-layer semiconducting Cr2Ge2Te6 shows bipolar gate-tuned magnetism below its ferromagnetic Curie temperature.

    • Zhi Wang
    • , Tongyao Zhang
    • , Mei Ding
    • , Baojuan Dong
    • , Yanxu Li
    • , Maolin Chen
    • , Xiaoxi Li
    • , Jianqi Huang
    • , Hanwen Wang
    • , Xiaotian Zhao
    • , Yong Li
    • , Da Li
    • , Chuankun Jia
    • , Lidong Sun
    • , Huaihong Guo
    • , Yu Ye
    • , Dongming Sun
    • , Yuansen Chen
    • , Teng Yang
    • , Jing Zhang
    • , Shimpei Ono
    • , Zheng Han
    •  & Zhidong Zhang
  • Letter |

    Palladium atoms hosted in exfoliated graphitic carbon nitride display improved activity, selectivity and stability compared to state-of-the-art homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts for Suzuki coupling reactions.

    • Zupeng Chen
    • , Evgeniya Vorobyeva
    • , Sharon Mitchell
    • , Edvin Fako
    • , Manuel A. Ortuño
    • , Núria López
    • , Sean M. Collins
    • , Paul A. Midgley
    • , Sylvia Richard
    • , Gianvito Vilé
    •  & Javier Pérez-Ramírez
  • Letter |

    Energy-looping excitation in lanthanide-doped upconverting nanoparticles enables low-threshold continuous-wave lasing in stand-alone microcavities.

    • Angel Fernandez-Bravo
    • , Kaiyuan Yao
    • , Edward S. Barnard
    • , Nicholas J. Borys
    • , Elizabeth S. Levy
    • , Bining Tian
    • , Cheryl A. Tajon
    • , Luca Moretti
    • , M. Virginia Altoe
    • , Shaul Aloni
    • , Kenes Beketayev
    • , Francesco Scotognella
    • , Bruce E. Cohen
    • , Emory M. Chan
    •  & P. James Schuck