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  • Editorial |

    As the international community responds to an outbreak of coronavirus-induced pneumonia in Wuhan, China, early and open data sharing — which are vital for its control — depend on the trust that the data will not be used without proper attribution to those who generated it.

  • Editorial |

    Nature Microbiology will offer authors the option of publishing a peer-review file that includes anonymous peer-review reports, author responses and our decision letters. We will also request that articles include more source data and are more transparent in reporting data availability.

  • Editorial |

    It’s an exciting time to be a microbiologist and we have the honour and privilege of having front-row tickets to see the field develop and progress. As we take stock of the past year, we will count down the days until 2020 by celebrating the field and the season with a microbiology advent calendar.

  • Editorial |

    With drug resistance on the rise, improvements in clinical antibiotic susceptibility testing and investment in widespread implementation are needed to usher in a new generation of diagnostics that can inform on diverse types of drug resistance and quickly predict drug susceptibility with high accuracy.

  • Editorial |

    Attending conferences is an essential part of scientific careers; yet, travelling — particularly by air — can often be an individual’s single largest contribution to their carbon footprint. With increasing calls to substantially cut emissions by as early as 2020, compromises must be made to safeguard the health of our planet.

  • Editorial |

    Faecal microbiota transplantation can efficiently treat recurring Clostridioides difficile infection and is being investigated for other indications. However, strict quality control of the donor stool is necessary to avoid putting patients at unnecessary risk.

  • Editorial |

    Following recent discussions of pervasive ghostwriting of referee reports by early career researchers in the life sciences, we shine a light on the peer review process at Nature Microbiology and hopefully bust some myths along the way.

  • Editorial |

    Long-known to happen in other realms of the microscopic and macroscopic worlds, social interactions in viruses are increasingly being appreciated and have the potential to influence many processes, including viral pathogenesis, resistance to antiviral immunity, establishment of persistence and even life cycle choice.

  • Editorial |

    Access to life-saving vaccines is still a problem for millions around the world, while others endanger public health by refusing available, safe and effective vaccines. Yet some outbreaks increasingly occur in highly vaccinated populations, highlighting the need for further vaccine development to provide long-lasting immunity.

  • Editorial |

    When accurate and thoughtfully presented, reporting of good science in the popular press should be celebrated and encouraged by researchers. In return, tabloid headline writers should dial down their hyperbolic rhetoric and avoid sensationalism when reporting scientific discoveries.

  • Editorial |

    Researchers can be expected to employ a vast range of experimental techniques in pursuit of a scientific question. Making efforts to seek expert advice and develop the competency to generate, store and analyse high-quality data when first using an approach will save time in the long run.

  • Editorial |

    Despite major advances in dissecting how pathogens cause disease and the development of treatments to combat infection, infectious diseases remain a major cause of death today. This month’s issue includes a special ‘Focus on Infectious Disease’, which highlights efforts to develop new ways to prevent, detect and treat infections.

  • Editorial |

    Academic titles are often used without much thought; however, a recent discussion on social media has highlighted how the use of a title can have important implications for individuals, in particular women, and how they can be perceived as elitist by the general public.

  • Editorial |

    Access to toilets and basic sanitation systems revolutionized living environments and reduced the burden from diarrhoeal diseases in the developed world. With more than half of the global population still living without access to a household toilet, the need to tackle this feculent problem requires greater prominence.

  • Editorial |

    Without greater attention being paid to the work–life balance of academic researchers, effects on creativity, productivity, interpersonal relationships and mental health will continue to grow, increasing the risk of burnout.

  • Editorial |

    The second outbreak of Ebola virus disease in recent months in the Democratic Republic of the Congo will test local and international responses. Fortunately, the experience gained since the West African outbreak of 2013–2016 means that we are better prepared to meet the challenge than ever before.

  • Editorial |

    The release of the World Health Organization’s Essential Diagnostics List highlights that diagnostics need to be a fundamental part of any effective public health system and the development of rapid, reliable and reasonably priced tests will be critical for tailoring appropriate treatments against infectious diseases.

  • Editorial |

    Obituaries paying tribute only to luminaries of microbiology risk overlooking the contributions of a diverse community of researchers in our field. A new channel on the Microbiology Community provides a space for anyone to write about the researchers that have influenced their work or career.

  • Editorial |

    Although the spotlight on CRISPR–Cas systems has shone on their immense potential as genome-editing tools, the field’s origins are rooted in the microbiology of phage–bacterium interactions. Furthering our understanding of these processes can uncover more systems and generate new reagents with revolutionary properties.

  • Editorial |

    Travelling to a conference can be financially and environmentally costly, researchers should take careful decisions on which meetings to attend and put in place a strategy to extract as much benefit from the event as possible.

  • Editorial |

    The first demonstration that RNA virus populations are groups of closely related sequences, proposed to behave as a quasispecies, was published 40 years ago this month, marking the beginning of a fundamental change in how we understand RNA virus dynamics, pathogenesis and response to therapy.

  • Editorial |

    Fittingly for a bacterium whose slow growth rate has frustrated researchers for decades, progress towards ending the TB epidemic has built only at a snail’s pace. 2018 should see a much needed stimulus, with increased political awareness of the scale of the problems faced, and the adoption of a coordinated global response.

  • Editorial |

    By sparking imagination and interest during childhood, and by finding and supporting champions to nurture microbial fascination through to adulthood, the fundamental importance of microorganisms can attain a justified and necessary place in the public psyche, but more on-screen time will be needed.

  • Editorial |

    Despite regular claims to the contrary, our peer review systems are not fundamentally broken, but they do suffer from stresses and strains that require journals to undertake ongoing maintenance, by trialling and adopting new practices while ensuring continued rigor.

  • Editorial |

    Increasing research on microbial communities has resulted in massive amounts of data being generated and shared, yet data accessibility, accuracy and thoroughness remain problematic and can be a substantial obstacle for scientists looking to explore existing datasets.

  • Editorial |

    An increased focus on identifying disease hotspots and pre-emptive intervention will be key to halting outbreaks before they become established, but political and economic obstacles cannot be ignored if ambitious new targets to reduce global cholera mortality tenfold are to be achieved.

  • Editorial |

    Translating scientific discoveries into real world solutions is a goal shared by researchers, governments, industry and the public alike. While continued support for basic research is critical, improvements in the funding, evaluation and publication of translational work are also needed to fully realize the promise of applied research.

  • Editorial |

    The recommendation that antibiotic courses are always completed should be dropped according to a recent analysis. While a welcome addition to discussion on the role of stewardship in tackling resistance, caution should be applied before advice on prescription practices and communication with patients is altered.

  • Editorial |

    Fungal pathogens are virtually ignored by the press, the public and funding bodies, despite posing a significant threat to public health, food biosecurity and biodiversity.

  • Editorial |

    The WHO's plans to bolster global vector control measures blend audacious goals with a sensible approach that could save lives and stimulate economic growth and development in many of the world's poorest nations.

  • Editorial |

    From roles in the health, nutrition and performance of humans during spaceflight, through to the question of life on other worlds, microbiology has fundamental contributions to make to our exploration of the cosmos.

  • Editorial |

    If we are to be successful in keeping priority pathogens at bay in the long term, global responses to antimicrobial resistance should embrace and fund innovative therapeutic strategies that are developed in the basic microbiology laboratory.

  • Editorial |

    As anti-vaccination movements gain momentum in some regions, World Immunization Week 2017 reminds us that vaccines work and are safe, and that ideological positions contrary to this truth ignore the weight of scientific evidence and deny a long history of lives being saved, endangering many more.

  • Editorial |

    While deaths from leading infectious diseases have decreased since the millennium, the threat from potential new outbreaks means that complacency is not an option. The global health community is grossly underprepared to meet new epidemic challenges, but signs suggest that improvement is underway.

  • Editorial |

    Encouraging researchers to become activists and engage with the public to combat the rising tide of scientific mistrust is easier said than done. Harder still will be to better enable PhDs to thrive in careers away from science, in the public and private sectors, but doing so could bear substantial fruit in the long-term.

  • Editorial |

    As we enter 2017, Nature Microbiology completes its first year as a journal dedicated to publishing work of the highest quality from across the field. And what a year it has been. We take this opportunity to mark up the report card and check on our progress.

  • Editorial |

    Time, the master regulator of work–life balance, is a rare commodity. Parenting further depletes its stock, so support systems are needed to help investigators navigate the early stages of parenthood and minimize the impact on scientific advancement and career progression.

  • Editorial |

    The declaration of the United Nations High-Level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance culminates an unprecedented period of efforts to change the politics of antimicrobials and global health. Now begins the onerous task of translating the new-found political will into real-world action.

  • Editorial |

    The UN Sustainable Development Goals aim to solve the most serious global economic, societal and environmental issues. The microbiology community is in a unique position to help tackle this ambitious agenda for sustainable development.

  • Editorial |

    By removing ambiguity and opacity in how we communicate with authors and by striving for timely and efficient handling of all manuscripts, Nature Microbiology is committed to providing a high-quality experience for all researchers submitting work for consideration, whether selected for publication or not.

  • Editorial |

    The lead up to the Rio Olympics has been littered with concerns over Zika virus and polluted waterways rich in pathogenic viruses and potentially drug-resistant bacteria. Despite these fears, appropriate precautions should ensure the games are celebrated for their sporting triumphs, not condemned for public health failures.

  • Editorial |

    If the vast potential for microbiome research is to be translated into scientific advances and real world applications, the development of standard operating procedures will be necessary to ensure reproducibility and gain regulatory approval. However, standards should not come at the expense of innovation.

  • Editorial |

    Antimicrobials have been one of the biggest success stories in medical history, but the emergence of drug resistance is threatening our ability to successfully treat infections. New approaches, interdisciplinary frameworks and policies have an important role in preventing entry into a post-antimicrobial era.

  • Editorial |

    World Immunization Week 2016 gives us a chance to take stock of the current vaccine landscape, celebrate some notable successes made in recent years and face up to the challenges remaining in closing the gap to ensure that the full benefits of immunization are extended to all infants worldwide.

  • Editorial |

    The Nature Microbiology Community provides a space for researchers to freely share information and discuss ideas. We hope that this initiative encourages greater discourse and engagement with the microbiology research field.

  • Editorial |

    During public health emergencies, such as the current increase in microcephaly and neurological syndromes potentially associated with the Zika virus outbreak, a rapid and coordinated response necessitates the immediate sharing of data. Nature Microbiology policy is fully aligned with this imperative.

  • Editorial |

    The identification of plasmid-borne resistance to an antibiotic of last resort suggests that the final pharmacological barrier holding Gram-negative bacterial infections at bay may soon be breached.