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Volume 20 Issue 1, January 2021

Nanoscale lithography of metal–organic frameworks

The low dielectric constants and high porosity of MOFs are of interest for applications in electronics and sensors, but patterning techniques for these materials are in their infancy. Here, direct X-ray and electron-beam lithography at sub-50-nm resolution are reported that leave porosity and crystallinity intact.

See Tu et al. and Faustini

Image: Rob Ameloot. Cover Design: Thomas Phillips.

Editorial

  • After years of speculation over who would be recognized for the pioneering work on the gene editing tool CRISPR–Cas9, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry has finally been awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna.

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  • A bioprinting approach that utilizes organoid-forming stem cells as a living ink within hydrogels guides tissue-scale self-organization to generate more realistic gastrointestinal and vascular tissue constructs.

    • Zev J. Gartner
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  • Light is known to induce segregation of iodine and bromine in mixed-halide perovskites. Counterintuitively, it is now shown that irradiation at higher intensity reverses this process, leading to halide remixing.

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  • Single crystals and thin films of metal–organic frameworks can now be directly patterned by lithography down to the sub-50-nm scale, enabling straightforward integration in solid-state devices.

    • Marco Faustini
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Review Articles

  • The development of perovskite emitters, their use in light-emitting devices, and the challenges in enhancing the efficiency and stability, as well as reducing the potential toxicity of this technology are discussed in this Review.

    • Xiao-Ke Liu
    • Weidong Xu
    • Feng Gao
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