Latest Research

  • Article |

    Mobile micromachines with advanced configurations and functions self-assembled through designed dielectrophoretic interactions between structural and motor units.

    • Yunus Alapan
    • , Berk Yigit
    • , Onur Beker
    • , Ahmet F. Demirörs
    •  & Metin Sitti
  • Article |

    Foreign body response can result in failure of biomaterials in vivo. Solvent-free crystals containing anti-fibrotic drugs now show the potential for long-term inhibition of fibrosis on a number of implantable devices in rodents and non-human primates.

    • Shady Farah
    • , Joshua C. Doloff
    • , Peter Müller
    • , Atieh Sadraei
    • , Hye Jung Han
    • , Katy Olafson
    • , Keval Vyas
    • , Hok Hei Tam
    • , Jennifer Hollister-Lock
    • , Piotr S. Kowalski
    • , Marissa Griffin
    • , Ashley Meng
    • , Malia McAvoy
    • , Adam C. Graham
    • , James McGarrigle
    • , Jose Oberholzer
    • , Gordon C. Weir
    • , Dale L. Greiner
    • , Robert Langer
    •  & Daniel G. Anderson
  • Letter |

    The instability of sulfide ions during water oxidation prevents simultaneous evolution of hydrogen and oxygen. An oxysulfide semiconductor photocatalyst, Y2Ti2O5S2, is shown to evolve H2 and O2 via a water-splitting reaction under visible-light irradiation.

    • Qian Wang
    • , Mamiko Nakabayashi
    • , Takashi Hisatomi
    • , Song Sun
    • , Seiji Akiyama
    • , Zheng Wang
    • , Zhenhua Pan
    • , Xiong Xiao
    • , Tomoaki Watanabe
    • , Taro Yamada
    • , Naoya Shibata
    • , Tsuyoshi Takata
    •  & Kazunari Domen
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective explores correlative characterization for bringing together multiple imaging modalities with maps of local chemistry, structure and functional performance to improve our understanding and manufacturing of existing materials and facilitate data-centric materials innovation.

    • T. L. Burnett
    •  & P. J. Withers
  • Article |

    Macroscopic single crystals with controlled texture are formed from a self-assembled columnar discotic liquid crystal.

    • Xunda Feng
    • , Kohsuke Kawabata
    • , Matthew G. Cowan
    • , Gregory E. Dwulet
    • , Kristof Toth
    • , Lucas Sixdenier
    • , Amir Haji-Akbari
    • , Richard D. Noble
    • , Menachem Elimelech
    • , Douglas L. Gin
    •  & Chinedum O. Osuji
  • Article |

    High-throughput computation is especially useful for materials screening where synthesis is challenging. Here, it is used to construct a stability map of ternary nitrides, allowing discovery of stable compounds and providing insight into principles that govern nitride stability.

    • Wenhao Sun
    • , Christopher J. Bartel
    • , Elisabetta Arca
    • , Sage R. Bauers
    • , Bethany Matthews
    • , Bernardo Orvañanos
    • , Bor-Rong Chen
    • , Michael F. Toney
    • , Laura T. Schelhas
    • , William Tumas
    • , Janet Tate
    • , Andriy Zakutayev
    • , Stephan Lany
    • , Aaron M. Holder
    •  & Gerbrand Ceder
  • Article |

    Scanning quantum dot microscopy, based on the use of a single molecule attached to the tip of the cantilever of an atomic force microscope, is shown to provide quantitative maps of surface potential distribution with atomic resolution.

    • Christian Wagner
    • , Matthew. F. B. Green
    • , Michael Maiworm
    • , Philipp Leinen
    • , Taner Esat
    • , Nicola Ferri
    • , Niklas Friedrich
    • , Rolf Findeisen
    • , Alexandre Tkatchenko
    • , Ruslan Temirov
    •  & F. Stefan Tautz
  • Article |

    Scanning electron nanobeam diffraction is used to monitor the morphology of organic thin films with nanometre resolution, revealing information on the arrangement of crystalline domains useful for structure–property relationship understanding.

    • Ouliana Panova
    • , Colin Ophus
    • , Christopher J. Takacs
    • , Karen C. Bustillo
    • , Luke Balhorn
    • , Alberto Salleo
    • , Nitash Balsara
    •  & Andrew M. Minor
  • Article |

    Proton ceramic electrolysers can produce hydrogen directly from steam, but their development has suffered from limited electrical efficiency. A fully operational and stable BaZrO3-based tubular electrolyser with high hydrogen production rate is now reported.

    • Einar Vøllestad
    • , Ragnar Strandbakke
    • , Mateusz Tarach
    • , David Catalán-Martínez
    • , Marie-Laure Fontaine
    • , Dustin Beeaff
    • , Daniel R. Clark
    • , Jose M. Serra
    •  & Truls Norby
  • Article |

    Material depletion and accumulation at the crystallization front of organic semiconductors films induce the formation of large-area regular patterns, with a periodicity relevant to optoelectronic applications in the visible and near-infrared range.

    • John S. Bangsund
    • , Thomas R. Fielitz
    • , Trevor J. Steiner
    • , Kaicheng Shi
    • , Jack R. Van Sambeek
    • , Catherine P. Clark
    •  & Russell J. Holmes
  • Article |

    An antisymmetric and chiral long range interlayer magnetic exchange interaction is measured, with implications for spintronics and chiral magnetic devices.

    • Dong-Soo Han
    • , Kyujoon Lee
    • , Jan-Philipp Hanke
    • , Yuriy Mokrousov
    • , Kyoung-Whan Kim
    • , Woosuk Yoo
    • , Youri L. W. van Hees
    • , Tae-Wan Kim
    • , Reinoud Lavrijsen
    • , Chun-Yeol You
    • , Henk J. M. Swagten
    • , Myung-Hwa Jung
    •  & Mathias Kläui
  • Article |

    The mechanism of cytokinetic failure in the migrating zebrafish epicardium leading to multinucleated cells is shown to be driven by the interaction of the cytokinetic ring and the extracellular matrix through adhesion reinforcement by high traction forces.

    • Marina Uroz
    • , Anna Garcia-Puig
    • , Isil Tekeli
    • , Alberto Elosegui-Artola
    • , Juan F. Abenza
    • , Ariadna Marín-Llauradó
    • , Silvia Pujals
    • , Vito Conte
    • , Lorenzo Albertazzi
    • , Pere Roca-Cusachs
    • , Ángel Raya
    •  & Xavier Trepat
  • Article |

    Gold nanoparticles that passively deliver CRISPR machinery to blood repopulating cells have been developed and are shown to be capable of precise editing of multiple genetic loci of therapeutic interest without cytotoxicity or reduced fitness.

    • Reza Shahbazi
    • , Gabriella Sghia-Hughes
    • , Jack L. Reid
    • , Sara Kubek
    • , Kevin G. Haworth
    • , Olivier Humbert
    • , Hans-Peter Kiem
    •  & Jennifer E. Adair
  • Review Article |

    This Review covers the basic physics of thermal emission, ways to engineer the thermal field radiated by hot objects in the far field and applications, such as thermophotovoltaics, radiative cooling, camouflage and privacy.

    • Denis G. Baranov
    • , Yuzhe Xiao
    • , Igor A. Nechepurenko
    • , Alex Krasnok
    • , Andrea Alù
    •  & Mikhail A. Kats
  • Letter |

    A composition gradient is found to provide the necessary structural inversion asymmetry for a bulk Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction to manifest itself.

    • Duck-Ho Kim
    • , Mitsutaka Haruta
    • , Hye-Won Ko
    • , Gyungchoon Go
    • , Hyeon-Jong Park
    • , Tomoe Nishimura
    • , Dae-Yun Kim
    • , Takaya Okuno
    • , Yuushou Hirata
    • , Yasuhiro Futakawa
    • , Hiroki Yoshikawa
    • , Wooseung Ham
    • , Sanghoon Kim
    • , Hiroki Kurata
    • , Arata Tsukamoto
    • , Yoichi Shiota
    • , Takahiro Moriyama
    • , Sug-Bong Choe
    • , Kyung-Jin Lee
    •  & Teruo Ono
  • Article |

    Crosstalk between microtubules and the actin cytoskeleton of cells is important in elucidating integrin-mediated adhesion and mechanotransduction. It is now shown that microtubule-mediated control of focal adhesions and podosomes occurs via KANK family proteins.

    • Nisha Bte Mohd Rafiq
    • , Yukako Nishimura
    • , Sergey V. Plotnikov
    • , Visalatchi Thiagarajan
    • , Zhen Zhang
    • , Shidong Shi
    • , Meenubharathi Natarajan
    • , Virgile Viasnoff
    • , Pakorn Kanchanawong
    • , Gareth E. Jones
    •  & Alexander D. Bershadsky
  • Article |

    The Alx3 transcription factor, expressed in prenatal tooth development, is shown to revitalize adult progenitor cells in decellularized scaffolds, leading to enhanced parenchymal dental pulp and vascularized stroma regeneration in vivo.

    • Ling He
    • , Jian Zhou
    • , Mo Chen
    • , Chyuan-Sheng Lin
    • , Sahng G. Kim
    • , Yue Zhou
    • , Lusai Xiang
    • , Ming Xie
    • , Hanying Bai
    • , Hai Yao
    • , Changcheng Shi
    • , Paulo G. Coelho
    • , Timothy G. Bromage
    • , Bin Hu
    • , Nick Tovar
    • , Lukasz Witek
    • , Jiaqian Wu
    • , Kenian Chen
    • , Wei Gu
    • , Jinxuan Zheng
    • , Tzong-Jen Sheu
    • , Juan Zhong
    • , Jin Wen
    • , Yuting Niu
    • , Bin Cheng
    • , Qimei Gong
    • , David M. Owens
    • , Milda Stanislauskas
    • , Jasmine Pei
    • , Gregory Chotkowski
    • , Sainan Wang
    • , Guodong Yang
    • , David J. Zegarelli
    • , Xin Shi
    • , Myron Finkel
    • , Wen Zhang
    • , Junyuan Li
    • , Jiayi Cheng
    • , Dennis P. Tarnow
    • , Xuedong Zhou
    • , Zuolin Wang
    • , Xinquan Jiang
    • , Alexander Romanov
    • , David W. Rowe
    • , Songlin Wang
    • , Ling Ye
    • , Junqi Ling
    •  & Jeremy Mao
  • Perspective |

    Disorder in two-dimensional materials largely affects their properties and performance. This Perspective discusses disorder sources in graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, the progress in disorder control, and possible uses of disorder.

    • Daniel Rhodes
    • , Sang Hoon Chae
    • , Rebeca Ribeiro-Palau
    •  & James Hone
  • Article |

    Extreme electronic anisotropy is revealed in the high-temperature superconductor FeSe through tour de force experiments on detwinned crystals.

    • Tong Chen
    • , Youzhe Chen
    • , Andreas Kreisel
    • , Xingye Lu
    • , Astrid Schneidewind
    • , Yiming Qiu
    • , J. T. Park
    • , Toby G. Perring
    • , J Ross Stewart
    • , Huibo Cao
    • , Rui Zhang
    • , Yu Li
    • , Yan Rong
    • , Yuan Wei
    • , Brian M. Andersen
    • , P. J. Hirschfeld
    • , Collin Broholm
    •  & Pengcheng Dai
  • Article |

    Non-orthogonal magnetization switching is related to the shear strain associated with ferroelectric domains, with implications for magnetoelectric devices.

    • M. Ghidini
    • , R. Mansell
    • , F. Maccherozzi
    • , X. Moya
    • , L. C. Phillips
    • , W. Yan
    • , D. Pesquera
    • , C. H. W. Barnes
    • , R. P. Cowburn
    • , J.-M. Hu
    • , S. S. Dhesi
    •  & N. D. Mathur
  • Review Article |

    The droplet epitaxy technique has emerged as an alternative to the most commonly used Stranski–Krastanov for fabricating semiconductor nanostructures. This Review discusses the important aspects of droplet epitaxy quantum dots, from the growth mechanism to device application.

    • Massimo Gurioli
    • , Zhiming Wang
    • , Armando Rastelli
    • , Takashi Kuroda
    •  & Stefano Sanguinetti
  • Article |

    Porous molecular crystals are easy to fabricate but thought to have limited stability as they are bound by non-covalent interactions. Here, a porous crystal composed of C60 and phthalocyanine is demonstrated with stability to heat, acid, base and high pressures.

    • C. Grazia Bezzu
    • , Luke A. Burt
    • , Charlie J. McMonagle
    • , Stephen A. Moggach
    • , Benson M. Kariuki
    • , David R. Allan
    • , Mark Warren
    •  & Neil B. McKeown
  • Article |

    Electrostatic doping drives a transition from single condensate to two condensate superconductivity at the (110)-oriented LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface.

    • G. Singh
    • , A. Jouan
    • , G. Herranz
    • , M. Scigaj
    • , F. Sánchez
    • , L. Benfatto
    • , S. Caprara
    • , M. Grilli
    • , G. Saiz
    • , F. Couëdo
    • , C. Feuillet-Palma
    • , J. Lesueur
    •  & N. Bergeal
  • Article |

    Magneto-optical spectroscopy shows that the dark exciton state in single formamidinium lead bromide perovskite nanocrystals is located below the bright exciton triplet. Slow bright-to-dark relaxation explains the intense brightness of the nanoparticles.

    • Philippe Tamarat
    • , Maryna I. Bodnarchuk
    • , Jean-Baptiste Trebbia
    • , Rolf Erni
    • , Maksym V. Kovalenko
    • , Jacky Even
    •  & Brahim Lounis
  • Article |

    The remote, non-volatile and reversible optical control of ferroic orders is challenging. Here, using laser illumination, multiple orders in epitaxial mixed-phase BiFeO3 are manipulated deterministically using a thermally driven flexoelectric effect.

    • Yi-De Liou
    • , Yu-You Chiu
    • , Ryan Thomas Hart
    • , Chang-Yang Kuo
    • , Yen-Lin Huang
    • , Yuan-Chih Wu
    • , Rajesh V. Chopdekar
    • , Heng-Jui Liu
    • , Arata Tanaka
    • , Chien-Te Chen
    • , Chun-Fu Chang
    • , Liu Hao Tjeng
    • , Ye Cao
    • , Valanoor Nagarajan
    • , Ying-Hao Chu
    • , Yi-Chun Chen
    •  & Jan-Chi Yang
  • Article |

    By exciting chiral plasmons within a nanohole by means of circularly polarized light pulses, orbital angular momentum can be imparted onto charged matter waves (here, electrons) and controlled at terahertz speed (femtosecond intervals).

    • G. M. Vanacore
    • , G. Berruto
    • , I. Madan
    • , E. Pomarico
    • , P. Biagioni
    • , R. J. Lamb
    • , D. McGrouther
    • , O. Reinhardt
    • , I. Kaminer
    • , B. Barwick
    • , H. Larocque
    • , V. Grillo
    • , E. Karimi
    • , F. J. García de Abajo
    •  & F. Carbone
  • Letter |

    A fluxonium qubit is constructed out of granular aluminium, revealing its potential for superconducting quantum technologies.

    • Lukas Grünhaupt
    • , Martin Spiecker
    • , Daria Gusenkova
    • , Nataliya Maleeva
    • , Sebastian T. Skacel
    • , Ivan Takmakov
    • , Francesco Valenti
    • , Patrick Winkel
    • , Hannes Rotzinger
    • , Wolfgang Wernsdorfer
    • , Alexey V. Ustinov
    •  & Ioan M. Pop
  • Letter |

    Interfacial water structures in electric double layers under bias potentials can impact the electrochemical performance of electrodes. Two structural transitions of interfacial water at electrified Au single-crystal electrode surfaces have now been identified.

    • Chao-Yu Li
    • , Jia-Bo Le
    • , Yao-Hui Wang
    • , Shu Chen
    • , Zhi-Lin Yang
    • , Jian-Feng Li
    • , Jun Cheng
    •  & Zhong-Qun Tian
  • Article |

    Oxide-supported isolated Pt-group metal atoms as catalytic active sites are of interest because of their unique reactivity. Isolated Pt species are now shown to adopt a range of local coordination environments and oxidation states in response to environmental conditions.

    • Leo DeRita
    • , Joaquin Resasco
    • , Sheng Dai
    • , Alexey Boubnov
    • , Ho Viet Thang
    • , Adam S. Hoffman
    • , Insoo Ro
    • , George W. Graham
    • , Simon R. Bare
    • , Gianfranco Pacchioni
    • , Xiaoqing Pan
    •  & Phillip Christopher
  • Article |

    Reversible and cooperative activation processes are important characteristics of biological enzymes and can be used in designing catalysts. Highly active TiO2 photocatalysts incorporated with site-specific single copper atoms are now shown to exhibit such a photoactivation process.

    • Byoung-Hoon Lee
    • , Sunghak Park
    • , Minho Kim
    • , Arun K. Sinha
    • , Seong Chan Lee
    • , Euiyeon Jung
    • , Woo Je Chang
    • , Kug-Seung Lee
    • , Jeong Hyun Kim
    • , Sung-Pyo Cho
    • , Hyungjun Kim
    • , Ki Tae Nam
    •  & Taeghwan Hyeon
  • Article |

    Hole and electron traps related to the presence of trace water are found in organic semiconductor thin films, at an energy offset of ~0.3–0.4 eV from the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals, respectively.

    • Guangzheng Zuo
    • , Mathieu Linares
    • , Tanvi Upreti
    •  & Martijn Kemerink
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective describes the application of machine learning models in the design, synthesis and characterisation of molecules at different stages in the drug discovery and development process.

    • Sean Ekins
    • , Ana C. Puhl
    • , Kimberley M. Zorn
    • , Thomas R. Lane
    • , Daniel P. Russo
    • , Jennifer J. Klein
    • , Anthony J. Hickey
    •  & Alex M. Clark
  • Article |

    The structural foundation of self-assembled peptide materials is typically the β-sheet. Here the authors describe peptides made of three natural amino acids that self-assemble into helical-like superstructures with enhanced mechanical rigidity.

    • Santu Bera
    • , Sudipta Mondal
    • , Bin Xue
    • , Linda J. W. Shimon
    • , Yi Cao
    •  & Ehud Gazit
  • Letter |

    An investigation of the structural and transport properties of bilayer graphene as a function of the twist angle between the layers reveals atomic-scale reconstruction for twist angles smaller than a critical value.

    • Hyobin Yoo
    • , Rebecca Engelke
    • , Stephen Carr
    • , Shiang Fang
    • , Kuan Zhang
    • , Paul Cazeaux
    • , Suk Hyun Sung
    • , Robert Hovden
    • , Adam W. Tsen
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Gyu-Chul Yi
    • , Miyoung Kim
    • , Mitchell Luskin
    • , Ellad B. Tadmor
    • , Efthimios Kaxiras
    •  & Philip Kim
  • Article |

    Plasmonic catalysis is believed to be mediated by energy transfer from nanoparticles to adsorbed molecules. Localized surface plasmon resonance on gold nanoparticles excited by electron beam is shown to drive site-selective CO disproportionation at room temperature.

    • Wei-Chang D. Yang
    • , Canhui Wang
    • , Lisa A. Fredin
    • , Pin Ann Lin
    • , Lisa Shimomoto
    • , Henri J. Lezec
    •  & Renu Sharma
  • Article |

    Solution shearing of semiconducting polymers with a patterned blade induces improved alignment of the polymeric chains at the nano- and macroscale. This leads to increased charge transport in stretchable, roll-to-roll deposited organic transistors.

    • Jie Xu
    • , Hung-Chin Wu
    • , Chenxin Zhu
    • , Anatol Ehrlich
    • , Leo Shaw
    • , Mark Nikolka
    • , Sihong Wang
    • , Francisco Molina-Lopez
    • , Xiaodan Gu
    • , Shaochuan Luo
    • , Dongshan Zhou
    • , Yun-Hi Kim
    • , Ging-Ji Nathan Wang
    • , Kevin Gu
    • , Vivian Rachel Feig
    • , Shucheng Chen
    • , Yeongin Kim
    • , Toru Katsumata
    • , Yu-Qing Zheng
    • , He Yan
    • , Jong Won Chung
    • , Jeffrey Lopez
    • , Boris Murmann
    •  & Zhenan Bao
  • Letter |

    Femtosecond pump–probe measurements of Coulomb correlations in WS2/WSe2 heterostructures reveal the interlayer exciton binding energy, determined from the 1s–2p resonance, as well as the dynamics of the conversion of intra- to interlayer excitons.

    • P. Merkl
    • , F. Mooshammer
    • , P. Steinleitner
    • , A. Girnghuber
    • , K.-Q. Lin
    • , P. Nagler
    • , J. Holler
    • , C. Schüller
    • , J. M. Lupton
    • , T. Korn
    • , S. Ovesen
    • , S. Brem
    • , E. Malic
    •  & R. Huber
  • Review Article |

    This Review discusses recent developments in the area of non-Hermitian physics, and more specifically the special case of non-Hermitian optical systems with parity–time symmetry.

    • Ş. K. Özdemir
    • , S. Rotter
    • , F. Nori
    •  & L. Yang