Latest Research

  • Review Article |

    This Review summarizes recent progress in exploring the intrinsic magnetism of atomically thin van der Waals materials, manipulation of their magnetism by tuning the interlayer coupling, and device structures for spin- and valleytronic applications.

    • Bevin Huang
    • , Michael A. McGuire
    • , Andrew F. May
    • , Di Xiao
    • , Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
    •  & Xiaodong Xu
  • Review Article |

    The development of perovskite emitters, their use in light-emitting devices, and the challenges in enhancing the efficiency and stability, as well as reducing the potential toxicity of this technology are discussed in this Review.

    • Xiao-Ke Liu
    • , Weidong Xu
    • , Sai Bai
    • , Yizheng Jin
    • , Jianpu Wang
    • , Richard H. Friend
    •  & Feng Gao
  • Article |

    The methanol-to-hydrocarbons reaction on zeolites produces olefins from many sources, but catalyst stability is a major challenge. Here, by combining operando measurements and simulations, the formation and identification of deactivating carbonaceous species throughout the reaction are achieved.

    • I. Lezcano-Gonzalez
    • , E. Campbell
    • , A. E. J. Hoffman
    • , M. Bocus
    • , I. V. Sazanovich
    • , M. Towrie
    • , M. Agote-Aran
    • , E. K. Gibson
    • , A. Greenaway
    • , K. De Wispelaere
    • , V. Van Speybroeck
    •  & A. M. Beale
  • Article |

    Experiments and molecular dynamics simulations show that the dehydration-induced actuation of nanoporous tripeptide crystals is a result of pore contraction caused by the strengthening of the water hydrogen-bonding network inside the pore, which creates mechanical stress that deforms the crystal lattice.

    • Roxana Piotrowska
    • , Travis Hesketh
    • , Haozhen Wang
    • , Alan R. G. Martin
    • , Deborah Bowering
    • , Chunqiu Zhang
    • , Chunhua T. Hu
    • , Scott A. McPhee
    • , Tong Wang
    • , Yaewon Park
    • , Pulkit Singla
    • , Thomas McGlone
    • , Alastair Florence
    • , Tell Tuttle
    • , Rein V. Ulijn
    •  & Xi Chen
  • Article |

    A DNA nanodevice vaccine has been developed and utilized to stimulate a tumour-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte response in vivo, leading to the inhibition of tumour growth as well as prevention of metastasis.

    • Shaoli Liu
    • , Qiao Jiang
    • , Xiao Zhao
    • , Ruifang Zhao
    • , Yuanning Wang
    • , Yiming Wang
    • , Jianbing Liu
    • , Yingxu Shang
    • , Shuai Zhao
    • , Tiantian Wu
    • , Yinlong Zhang
    • , Guangjun Nie
    •  & Baoquan Ding
  • Article |

    Relaxor ferroelectric systems exhibit exceptional electromechanical coupling that arises from a variety of nanoscale chemical ordering. Here, scanning transmission electron microscopy is used to quantify this structural complexity directly.

    • Abinash Kumar
    • , Jonathon N. Baker
    • , Preston C. Bowes
    • , Matthew J. Cabral
    • , Shujun Zhang
    • , Elizabeth C. Dickey
    • , Douglas L. Irving
    •  & James M. LeBeau
  • Article |

    Aligned arrays of single-crystalline monolayer TMD nanoribbons with high aspect ratios, as well as their lateral heterostructures, are realized, with the growth directed by the ledges on the β-Ga2O3 substrate. This approach provides an epitaxy platform for advanced electronics applications of TMD nanoribbons.

    • Areej Aljarb
    • , Jui-Han Fu
    • , Chih-Chan Hsu
    • , Chih-Piao Chuu
    • , Yi Wan
    • , Mariam Hakami
    • , Dipti R. Naphade
    • , Emre Yengel
    • , Chien-Ju Lee
    • , Steven Brems
    • , Tse-An Chen
    • , Ming-Yang Li
    • , Sang-Hoon Bae
    • , Wei-Ting Hsu
    • , Zhen Cao
    • , Rehab Albaridy
    • , Sergei Lopatin
    • , Wen-Hao Chang
    • , Thomas D. Anthopoulos
    • , Jeehwan Kim
    • , Lain-Jong Li
    •  & Vincent Tung
  • Article |

    Type-1 innate lymphoid cells have been shown to drive intestinal epithelial proliferation and extracellular matrix remodelling through TGF-β1 secretion, which could exacerbate inflammatory bowel disease comorbidities such as cancer and fibrosis.

    • Geraldine M. Jowett
    • , Michael D. A. Norman
    • , Tracy T. L. Yu
    • , Patricia Rosell Arévalo
    • , Dominique Hoogland
    • , Suzette T. Lust
    • , Emily Read
    • , Eva Hamrud
    • , Nick J. Walters
    • , Umar Niazi
    • , Matthew Wai Heng Chung
    • , Daniele Marciano
    • , Omer S. Omer
    • , Tomasz Zabinski
    • , Davide Danovi
    • , Graham M. Lord
    • , Jöns Hilborn
    • , Nicholas D. Evans
    • , Cécile A. Dreiss
    • , Laurent Bozec
    • , Oommen P. Oommen
    • , Christian D. Lorenz
    • , Ricardo M. P. da Silva
    • , Joana F. Neves
    •  & Eileen Gentleman
  • Article |

    Shear-aligned keratin protofibres are used to fabricate shape-memory fibres and three-dimensional scaffolds that respond to water.

    • Luca Cera
    • , Grant M. Gonzalez
    • , Qihan Liu
    • , Suji Choi
    • , Christophe O. Chantre
    • , Juncheol Lee
    • , Rudy Gabardi
    • , Myung Chul Choi
    • , Kwanwoo Shin
    •  & Kevin Kit Parker
  • Article |

    Oscillatory features in the absorption spectra of formamidinium lead triiodide perovskite thin films reveal the occurrence of intrinsic quantum confinement effects with confinement on the scale of tens of nanometres.

    • Adam D. Wright
    • , George Volonakis
    • , Juliane Borchert
    • , Christopher L. Davies
    • , Feliciano Giustino
    • , Michael B. Johnston
    •  & Laura M. Herz
  • Letter |

    A refractory high-entropy alloy was designed with the composition chosen based on the natural-mixing characteristics among refractory elements; this alloy demonstrates good tensile ductility in the as-cast state and physicochemical stability at high temperatures.

    • Shaolou Wei
    • , Sang Jun Kim
    • , Jiyun Kang
    • , Yong Zhang
    • , Yongjie Zhang
    • , Tadashi Furuhara
    • , Eun Soo Park
    •  & Cemal Cem Tasan
  • Article |

    A high oxygen reduction reaction activity can usually be realized by increasing platinum specific activity at the expense of active surface area. Self-supported platinum–cobalt-oxide networks combining high activity and surface area now promise a stable fuel-cell operation.

    • Gustav W. Sievers
    • , Anders W. Jensen
    • , Jonathan Quinson
    • , Alessandro Zana
    • , Francesco Bizzotto
    • , Mehtap Oezaslan
    • , Alexandra Dworzak
    • , Jacob J. K. Kirkensgaard
    • , Thomas E. L. Smitshuysen
    • , Shima Kadkhodazadeh
    • , Mikkel Juelsholt
    • , Kirsten M. Ø. Jensen
    • , Kirsten Anklam
    • , Hao Wan
    • , Jan Schäfer
    • , Klára Čépe
    • , María Escudero-Escribano
    • , Jan Rossmeisl
    • , Antje Quade
    • , Volker Brüser
    •  & Matthias Arenz
  • Article |

    Ni-rich layered cathode materials are promising for high-energy-density Li-ion batteries, but their degradation mechanisms are still poorly understood. A structure-driven mechanism with a lowered accessible state of charge after repetitive cycling is proposed for a typical NMC811 cathode.

    • Chao Xu
    • , Katharina Märker
    • , Juhan Lee
    • , Amoghavarsha Mahadevegowda
    • , Philip J. Reeves
    • , Sarah J. Day
    • , Matthias F. Groh
    • , Steffen P. Emge
    • , Caterina Ducati
    • , B. Layla Mehdi
    • , Chiu C. Tang
    •  & Clare P. Grey
  • Article |

    Combining quantum effects with conductivity modulation in complex oxides requires mutually exclusive criteria, making applications difficult. Using tip-induced electrical generation of anti-Frenkel defects, conducting features in Er(Mn,Ti)O3 are written with nanoscale precision while keeping structural integrity.

    • Donald M. Evans
    • , Theodor S. Holstad
    • , Aleksander B. Mosberg
    • , Didrik R. Småbråten
    • , Per Erik Vullum
    • , Anup L. Dadlani
    • , Konstantin Shapovalov
    • , Zewu Yan
    • , Edith Bourret
    • , David Gao
    • , Jaakko Akola
    • , Jan Torgersen
    • , Antonius T. J. van Helvoort
    • , Sverre M. Selbach
    •  & Dennis Meier
  • Article |

    Although some transition metal oxide-based electrodes exhibit high storage capacities beyond theoretical values, the underlying physicochemical mechanism remains elusive. Surface capacitance on metal nanoparticles involving spin-polarized electrons is now shown to be consistent with a space charge mechanism.

    • Qiang Li
    • , Hongsen Li
    • , Qingtao Xia
    • , Zhengqiang Hu
    • , Yue Zhu
    • , Shishen Yan
    • , Chen Ge
    • , Qinghua Zhang
    • , Xiaoxiong Wang
    • , Xiantao Shang
    • , Shuting Fan
    • , Yunze Long
    • , Lin Gu
    • , Guo-Xing Miao
    • , Guihua Yu
    •  & Jagadeesh S. Moodera
  • Letter |

    Two adjacent quantum time crystals implemented by two magnon condensates in the superfluid B-phase of helium-3 are observed to coherently exchange magnons as a manifestation of the AC Josephson effect, offering insights on the dynamics and interactions between these phases of matter.

    • S. Autti
    • , P. J. Heikkinen
    • , J. T. Mäkinen
    • , G. E. Volovik
    • , V. V. Zavjalov
    •  & V. B. Eltsov
  • Review Article |

    Thermoplasmonics is based on the use of plasmonic nanoparticles as sources of heat remotely controlled by light. This Review discusses its current applications and challenges in a broad range of scientific fields, from nanomedicine to hot-electron chemistry and nanofluidics.

    • Guillaume Baffou
    • , Frank Cichos
    •  & Romain Quidant
  • Article |

    A coating made from densely packed hydroxyapatite particles in an organic matrix endows the dactyl club of mantis shrimps with high stiffness and energy damping.

    • Wei Huang
    • , Mehdi Shishehbor
    • , Nicolás Guarín-Zapata
    • , Nathan D. Kirchhofer
    • , Jason Li
    • , Luz Cruz
    • , Taifeng Wang
    • , Sanjit Bhowmick
    • , Douglas Stauffer
    • , Praveena Manimunda
    • , Krassimir N. Bozhilov
    • , Roy Caldwell
    • , Pablo Zavattieri
    •  & David Kisailus
  • Article |

    Monochromatic electron energy-loss spectroscopy enables the observation of highly confined and ultraslow hyperbolic phonon polaritons in suspended monolayer hexagonal boron nitride, expanding the potential of van der Waals materials for nanophotonic applications.

    • Ning Li
    • , Xiangdong Guo
    • , Xiaoxia Yang
    • , Ruishi Qi
    • , Tianyu Qiao
    • , Yifei Li
    • , Ruochen Shi
    • , Yuehui Li
    • , Kaihui Liu
    • , Zhi Xu
    • , Lei Liu
    • , F. Javier García de Abajo
    • , Qing Dai
    • , En-Ge Wang
    •  & Peng Gao
  • Article |

    Nanosized zeolites enable better catalytic performance; however, their synthesis is non-trivial. Here, a simple treatment is presented that enables the growth of nanosized fins on zeolites that act as pseudo-nanoparticles, reducing deactivation rates for methanol-to-hydrocarbon catalysis.

    • Heng Dai
    • , Yufeng Shen
    • , Taimin Yang
    • , Choongsze Lee
    • , Donglong Fu
    • , Ankur Agarwal
    • , Thuy Thanh Le
    • , Michael Tsapatsis
    • , Jeremy C. Palmer
    • , Bert M. Weckhuysen
    • , Paul J. Dauenhauer
    • , Xiaodong Zou
    •  & Jeffrey D. Rimer
  • Article |

    Solution processability is required for many industrial processes, but metal–organic frameworks are in general not dispersible, hindering their application. Here, a surface modification is reported that allows porous liquid formation and so synthesis of highly loaded and mechanically robust mixed matrix membranes.

    • Alexander Knebel
    • , Anastasiya Bavykina
    • , Shuvo Jit Datta
    • , Lion Sundermann
    • , Luis Garzon-Tovar
    • , Yury Lebedev
    • , Sara Durini
    • , Rafia Ahmad
    • , Sergey M. Kozlov
    • , Genrikh Shterk
    • , Madhavan Karunakaran
    • , Ionela Daniela Carja
    • , Dino Simic
    • , Irina Weilert
    • , Manfred Klüppel
    • , Ulrich Giese
    • , Luigi Cavallo
    • , Magnus Rueping
    • , Mohamed Eddaoudi
    • , Jürgen Caro
    •  & Jorge Gascon
  • Article |

    Efficient nanoparticle delivery into tumours has been a challenge in the field. It is now shown that the efficiency can be improved substantially when the dose breaches a specific threshold.

    • Ben Ouyang
    • , Wilson Poon
    • , Yi-Nan Zhang
    • , Zachary P. Lin
    • , Benjamin R. Kingston
    • , Anthony J. Tavares
    • , Yuwei Zhang
    • , Juan Chen
    • , Michael S. Valic
    • , Abdullah M. Syed
    • , Presley MacMillan
    • , Julien Couture-Senécal
    • , Gang Zheng
    •  & Warren C. W. Chan
  • Article |

    The characteristic length scale and mechanism of the metal–insulator transition in nickelate superlattices is addressed, with implications for the design of oxide electronics.

    • Claribel Domínguez
    • , Alexandru B. Georgescu
    • , Bernat Mundet
    • , Yajun Zhang
    • , Jennifer Fowlie
    • , Alain Mercy
    • , Adrien Waelchli
    • , Sara Catalano
    • , Duncan T. L. Alexander
    • , Philippe Ghosez
    • , Antoine Georges
    • , Andrew J. Millis
    • , Marta Gibert
    •  & Jean-Marc Triscone
  • Perspective |

    Chiral surfaces are fundamental materials for the preparation of enantiomerically pure pharmaceuticals. This Perspective discusses the recent advances in the fabrication of chiral surfaces and the progress towards scalable, high-surface-area, enantiomerically pure surfaces.

    • Nisha Shukla
    •  & Andrew J. Gellman
  • Review Article |

    Electrochemical capacitors can store electrical energy harvested from intermittent sources and deliver energy quickly, but increased energy density is required for flexible and wearable electronics and larger equipment. Progress in materials and devices and key perspectives in this field are outlined.

    • Patrice Simon
    •  & Yury Gogotsi
  • Article |

    Protein-based materials for soft robotics that self-heal within a second while maintaining the high strength of the damaged area are reported.

    • Abdon Pena-Francesch
    • , Huihun Jung
    • , Melik C. Demirel
    •  & Metin Sitti
  • Article |

    Photo-excited gold nanoparticles are shown to provide ultrafast and efficient hot-hole injection to the valence band of p-type GaN, substantially altering hot-electron dynamics in the nanoparticles and forming a basis to design hot-hole-based optoelectronics.

    • Giulia Tagliabue
    • , Joseph S. DuChene
    • , Mohamed Abdellah
    • , Adela Habib
    • , David J. Gosztola
    • , Yocefu Hattori
    • , Wen-Hui Cheng
    • , Kaibo Zheng
    • , Sophie E. Canton
    • , Ravishankar Sundararaman
    • , Jacinto Sá
    •  & Harry A. Atwater
  • Article |

    Lithium metal is considered an ideal anode for high-energy rechargeable lithium batteries, but understanding its nucleation and growth at the nanoscale remains challenging. Using cryogenic transmission electron microscopy and simulations, a structural and morphological evolution scenario for Li deposits is proposed.

    • Xuefeng Wang
    • , Gorakh Pawar
    • , Yejing Li
    • , Xiaodi Ren
    • , Minghao Zhang
    • , Bingyu Lu
    • , Abhik Banerjee
    • , Ping Liu
    • , Eric J. Dufek
    • , Ji-Guang Zhang
    • , Jie Xiao
    • , Jun Liu
    • , Ying Shirley Meng
    •  & Boryann Liaw
  • Article |

    Deployment of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells is limited by the durability of Pt-nanoscale catalysts during cathodic oxygen reduction reactions. Dissolution processes on single crystalline and thin film surfaces are now correlated leading to the design of PtAu catalysts with suppressed dissolution.

    • Pietro P. Lopes
    • , Dongguo Li
    • , Haifeng Lv
    • , Chao Wang
    • , Dusan Tripkovic
    • , Yisi Zhu
    • , Roberto Schimmenti
    • , Hideo Daimon
    • , Yijin Kang
    • , Joshua Snyder
    • , Nigel Becknell
    • , Karren L. More
    • , Dusan Strmcnik
    • , Nenad M. Markovic
    • , Manos Mavrikakis
    •  & Vojislav R. Stamenkovic
  • Article |

    Spin qubits in systems with strong spin–orbit coupling can be electrically controlled, but are usually affected by short coherence times. Here, coherence times up to 10 ms are obtained for strain-engineered hole states bound to boron acceptors in silicon 28.

    • Takashi Kobayashi
    • , Joseph Salfi
    • , Cassandra Chua
    • , Joost van der Heijden
    • , Matthew G. House
    • , Dimitrie Culcer
    • , Wayne D. Hutchison
    • , Brett C. Johnson
    • , Jeff C. McCallum
    • , Helge Riemann
    • , Nikolay V. Abrosimov
    • , Peter Becker
    • , Hans-Joachim Pohl
    • , Michelle Y. Simmons
    •  & Sven Rogge
  • Article |

    Hyperspectral Raman imaging is used to visualize defects in polycrystalline graphene under ion bombardment, showing zero-dimensional and one-dimensional defects in grains and at grain boundaries, respectively, and preferential self-healing at the grain boundaries.

    • P. Vinchon
    • , X. Glad
    • , G. Robert Bigras
    • , R. Martel
    •  & L. Stafford
  • Article |

    Infrared nanoimaging of phonon polaritons in twisted α-phase molybdenum trioxide bilayers reveals tunable wavefront geometries and topological transitions over a broad range of twist angles, offering a configurable platform for nanophotonic applications.

    • Mingyuan Chen
    • , Xiao Lin
    • , Thao H. Dinh
    • , Zhiren Zheng
    • , Jialiang Shen
    • , Qiong Ma
    • , Hongsheng Chen
    • , Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
    •  & Siyuan Dai
  • Letter |

    Carbon nanotubes with 2 nm channel radius are shown to display pressure-driven ionic currents, which share some similarities to the response of biological mechanosensitive ion channels to tension.

    • Alice Marcotte
    • , Timothée Mouterde
    • , Antoine Niguès
    • , Alessandro Siria
    •  & Lydéric Bocquet
  • Article |

    The combination of piezoresponse force microscopy and optical measurements reveals the influence of strain in the formation of one-dimensional moiré patterns and the resulting behaviour of interlayer excitons in van der Waals heterostructures.

    • Yusong Bai
    • , Lin Zhou
    • , Jue Wang
    • , Wenjing Wu
    • , Leo J. McGilly
    • , Dorri Halbertal
    • , Chiu Fan Bowen Lo
    • , Fang Liu
    • , Jenny Ardelean
    • , Pasqual Rivera
    • , Nathan R. Finney
    • , Xu-Chen Yang
    • , D. N. Basov
    • , Wang Yao
    • , Xiaodong Xu
    • , James Hone
    • , Abhay N. Pasupathy
    •  & X.-Y. Zhu