Latest Research

  • Article |

    Nanopores in 2D materials have various possible lattice isomers, making relevant quantitative analysis difficult. An isomer-cataloguing framework is developed to address this problem, demonstrating remarkable agreement between simulated and experimental data.

    • Ananth Govind Rajan
    • , Kevin S. Silmore
    • , Jacob Swett
    • , Alex W. Robertson
    • , Jamie H. Warner
    • , Daniel Blankschtein
    •  & Michael S. Strano
  • Article |

    A vaccine platform has been developed from a polymeric glyco-adjuvant conjugated to an antigen, and is now shown to target dendritic cells via mannose-binding receptors and generate potent cellular and humoral immune response against malaria.

    • D. Scott Wilson
    • , Sachiko Hirosue
    • , Michal M. Raczy
    • , Leonardo Bonilla-Ramirez
    • , Laura Jeanbart
    • , Ruyi Wang
    • , Marcin Kwissa
    • , Jean-Francois Franetich
    • , Maria A. S. Broggi
    • , Giacomo Diaceri
    • , Xavier Quaglia-Thermes
    • , Dominique Mazier
    • , Melody A. Swartz
    •  & Jeffrey A. Hubbell
  • Article |

    A monomer molecular dopant with high electron affinity is shown to accept up to two electrons from conjugated polymers with low ionization efficiency and then generate free charge carriers with an efficiency of up to 170%.

    • David Kiefer
    • , Renee Kroon
    • , Anna I. Hofmann
    • , Hengda Sun
    • , Xianjie Liu
    • , Alexander Giovannitti
    • , Dominik Stegerer
    • , Alexander Cano
    • , Jonna Hynynen
    • , Liyang Yu
    • , Yadong Zhang
    • , Dingqi Nai
    • , Thomas F. Harrelson
    • , Michael Sommer
    • , Adam J. Moulé
    • , Martijn Kemerink
    • , Seth R. Marder
    • , Iain McCulloch
    • , Mats Fahlman
    • , Simone Fabiano
    •  & Christian Müller
  • Article |

    High-resolution resonant impulsive stimulated Raman spectroscopy in two-dimensional hybrid metal halide perovskites provides evidence for polaronic effects on excitons, which couple to distinct low-frequency vibrational modes of the ionic lattice.

    • Félix Thouin
    • , David A. Valverde-Chávez
    • , Claudio Quarti
    • , Daniele Cortecchia
    • , Ilaria Bargigia
    • , David Beljonne
    • , Annamaria Petrozza
    • , Carlos Silva
    •  & Ajay Ram Srimath Kandada
  • Article |

    Arrays of graphene microtransistors are used to record infraslow cortical brain activity. The reduced signal drift and the array compatibility with optical imaging techniques make these devices useful for monitoring of brain physiology.

    • Eduard Masvidal-Codina
    • , Xavi Illa
    • , Miguel Dasilva
    • , Andrea Bonaccini Calia
    • , Tanja Dragojević
    • , Ernesto E. Vidal-Rosas
    • , Elisabet Prats-Alfonso
    • , Javier Martínez-Aguilar
    • , Jose M. De la Cruz
    • , Ramon Garcia-Cortadella
    • , Philippe Godignon
    • , Gemma Rius
    • , Alessandra Camassa
    • , Elena Del Corro
    • , Jessica Bousquet
    • , Clement Hébert
    • , Turgut Durduran
    • , Rosa Villa
    • , Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
    • , Jose A. Garrido
    •  & Anton Guimerà-Brunet
  • Letter |

    A second-order topological insulator in an acoustical metamaterial with a breathing kagome lattice, supporting one-dimensional edge states and zero-dimensional corner states is demonstrated.

    • Haoran Xue
    • , Yahui Yang
    • , Fei Gao
    • , Yidong Chong
    •  & Baile Zhang
  • Article |

    The phenomenology of multiferroic quantum criticality, where both ferroelectric and magnetic order parameters are tuned by quantum fluctuations, is drawn out. Non-thermal tuning parameters such as alloying and strain are explored and material realizations proposed.

    • Awadhesh Narayan
    • , Andrés Cano
    • , Alexander V. Balatsky
    •  & Nicola A. Spaldin
  • Letter |

    A surface annealing method is used to access an insulating phase of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x and unidirectional charge order is observed.

    • He Zhao
    • , Zheng Ren
    • , Bryan Rachmilowitz
    • , John Schneeloch
    • , Ruidan Zhong
    • , Genda Gu
    • , Ziqiang Wang
    •  & Ilija Zeljkovic
  • Article |

    Thermal management can improve device function, but the role of dislocations is poorly understood. Here, thermoreflectance measurements show orientated dislocations in InN cause a thermal anisotropy ratio of 10, which is not predicted by standard models.

    • Bo Sun
    • , Georg Haunschild
    • , Carlos Polanco
    • , James (Zi-Jian) Ju
    • , Lucas Lindsay
    • , Gregor Koblmüller
    •  & Yee Kan Koh
  • Perspective |

    Electrolyte gating of complex oxides enables substantial control of electronic phase transitions, allowing electrical control of complex phenomena. Here, the role of both electrostatic and electrochemical mechanisms in this process is elucidated.

    • Chris Leighton
  • Letter |

    An ordered structure that has only translational periodicity in one direction— unlike the known solid categories of crystal, quasicrystal and amorphous— is discovered in MgO and Nd2O3 ceramics.

    • Deqiang Yin
    • , Chunlin Chen
    • , Mitsuhiro Saito
    • , Kazutoshi Inoue
    •  & Yuichi Ikuhara
  • Article |

    A fluorescence-activated cell sorter is used to purify microparticles from colloidal mixtures.

    • Peter L. Mage
    • , Andrew T. Csordas
    • , Tyler Brown
    • , Daniel Klinger
    • , Michael Eisenstein
    • , Samir Mitragotri
    • , Craig Hawker
    •  & H. Tom Soh
  • Article |

    A vertical electric field is shown to induce reversible transitions between a semiconducting 2H phase, a distorted transient structure and a conducting Td phase in MoTe2 and Mo1–xWxTe2 multilayers, and used to realize vertical resistive random access memories.

    • Feng Zhang
    • , Huairuo Zhang
    • , Sergiy Krylyuk
    • , Cory A. Milligan
    • , Yuqi Zhu
    • , Dmitry Y. Zemlyanov
    • , Leonid A. Bendersky
    • , Benjamin P. Burton
    • , Albert V. Davydov
    •  & Joerg Appenzeller
  • Article |

    Black phosphorus is being considered for energy storage but its rate and cycling capabilities are limited by intrinsic (de-)alloying. Molecular-level surface redox sites on oxidized black phosphorus can now be coupled with graphene via strong interlayer bonding.

    • Puritut Nakhanivej
    • , Xu Yu
    • , Sul Ki Park
    • , Soo Kim
    • , Jin-Yong Hong
    • , Hae Jin Kim
    • , Wonki Lee
    • , Jun Yeon Hwang
    • , Ji Eun Yang
    • , Chris Wolverton
    • , Jing Kong
    • , Manish Chhowalla
    •  & Ho Seok Park
  • Article |

    In this type of thermal cloak, when a fluid circulates around the object of interest, the temperature perturbation is minimized as the effective thermal conductivity of the fluid becomes very high due to convective effects.

    • Ying Li
    • , Ke-Jia Zhu
    • , Yu-Gui Peng
    • , Wei Li
    • , Tianzhi Yang
    • , He-Xiu Xu
    • , Hong Chen
    • , Xue-Feng Zhu
    • , Shanhui Fan
    •  & C.-W. Qiu
  • Article |

    Ferrimagnetic multilayers and alloys are shown to have an interesting thickness dependence of spin coherence length and spin torque efficiency. These results pave the way toward energy-efficient spintronics.

    • Jiawei Yu
    • , Do Bang
    • , Rahul Mishra
    • , Rajagopalan Ramaswamy
    • , Jung Hyun Oh
    • , Hyeon-Jong Park
    • , Yunboo Jeong
    • , Pham Van Thach
    • , Dong-Kyu Lee
    • , Gyungchoon Go
    • , Seo-Won Lee
    • , Yi Wang
    • , Shuyuan Shi
    • , Xuepeng Qiu
    • , Hiroyuki Awano
    • , Kyung-Jin Lee
    •  & Hyunsoo Yang
  • Article |

    Organic radical polymers are currently being considered as active materials for fast-charging battery electrodes but their transport and charge storage characteristics are not well understood. A quantitative view of in situ ion transport and doping in these systems during the redox process is now provided.

    • Shaoyang Wang
    • , Fei Li
    • , Alexandra D. Easley
    •  & Jodie L. Lutkenhaus
  • Article |

    Tuning ionic permeation across nanoscale pores is important for areas ranging from nanofluidic computing to drug delivery. Complex formation between crown ethers and dissolved metal ions is used to demonstrate graphene-based ion channels with high mechanosensitivity.

    • A. Fang
    • , K. Kroenlein
    • , D. Riccardi
    •  & A. Smolyanitsky
  • Letter |

    Elastomer sheets with programmable air channel organization swiftly shape into complex three-dimensional structures upon the application of pressure.

    • Emmanuel Siéfert
    • , Etienne Reyssat
    • , José Bico
    •  & Benoît Roman
  • Article |

    Controlling crystallite size can lead to improved applications. Here, this is achieved by a combination of metal ions, organic linkers, and polymers; the resultant membrane displays promising CO2/N2 separation properties and hydrolytic stability.

    • Zhihua Qiao
    • , Song Zhao
    • , Menglong Sheng
    • , Jixiao Wang
    • , Shichang Wang
    • , Zhi Wang
    • , Chongli Zhong
    •  & Michael D. Guiver
  • Article |

    Bi2Te3 materials suffer from brittleness, limiting their application for thermoelectric harvesting. By depositing ordered nanocrystals onto single-wall carbon nanotubes, a flexible material is formed that achieves ZT of 0.89 at room temperature.

    • Qun Jin
    • , Song Jiang
    • , Yang Zhao
    • , Dong Wang
    • , Jianhang Qiu
    • , Dai-Ming Tang
    • , Jun Tan
    • , Dong-Ming Sun
    • , Peng-Xiang Hou
    • , Xing-Qiu Chen
    • , Kaiping Tai
    • , Ning Gao
    • , Chang Liu
    • , Hui-Ming Cheng
    •  & Xin Jiang
  • Article |

    Electro-optic modulators based on epitaxial barium titanate (BTO) integrated on silicon exhibit speeds up to 50 Gbit s–1 while the Pockels coefficient of the BTO film is found to be approaching the bulk value.

    • Stefan Abel
    • , Felix Eltes
    • , J. Elliott Ortmann
    • , Andreas Messner
    • , Pau Castera
    • , Tino Wagner
    • , Darius Urbonas
    • , Alvaro Rosa
    • , Ana M. Gutierrez
    • , Domenico Tulli
    • , Ping Ma
    • , Benedikt Baeuerle
    • , Arne Josten
    • , Wolfgang Heni
    • , Daniele Caimi
    • , Lukas Czornomaz
    • , Alexander A. Demkov
    • , Juerg Leuthold
    • , Pablo Sanchis
    •  & Jean Fompeyrine
  • Article |

    Atomic-scale spinodal decomposition enabled diffusion was observed within ordered nanoprecipitates that have structural imperfections, resulting from dynamic interaction of Gibbs energy, activation energy of atomic jumps and phase ordering in multicomponent alloys.

    • Angelina Orthacker
    • , Georg Haberfehlner
    • , Johannes Taendl
    • , Maria C. Poletti
    • , Bernhard Sonderegger
    •  & Gerald Kothleitner
  • Article |

    Hydrogen pumping is used to reversibly modulate magnetic anisotropy in solid-state heterostructures.

    • Aik Jun Tan
    • , Mantao Huang
    • , Can Onur Avci
    • , Felix Büttner
    • , Maxwell Mann
    • , Wen Hu
    • , Claudio Mazzoli
    • , Stuart Wilkins
    • , Harry L. Tuller
    •  & Geoffrey S. D. Beach
  • Article |

    DNA-based nanodevices with decision-making and information-processing capabilities have been developed. Here, a DNA-based molecular navigation system that explores a DNA origami maze for all possible solutions is reported.

    • Jie Chao
    • , Jianbang Wang
    • , Fei Wang
    • , Xiangyuan Ouyang
    • , Enzo Kopperger
    • , Huajie Liu
    • , Qian Li
    • , Jiye Shi
    • , Lihua Wang
    • , Jun Hu
    • , Lianhui Wang
    • , Wei Huang
    • , Friedrich C. Simmel
    •  & Chunhai Fan
  • Article |

    A flat stanene layer can be grown on Cu (111) by MBE growth, exhibiting topological properties as revealed by a combination of ARPES, STM and DFT calculations.

    • Jialiang Deng
    • , Bingyu Xia
    • , Xiaochuan Ma
    • , Haoqi Chen
    • , Huan Shan
    • , Xiaofang Zhai
    • , Bin Li
    • , Aidi Zhao
    • , Yong Xu
    • , Wenhui Duan
    • , Shou-Cheng Zhang
    • , Bing Wang
    •  & J. G. Hou
  • Article |

    Separating ethylene from ethane is highly challenging as they have very similar physical properties. Here, a metal–organic framework is reported that, owing to its pore size and rigidity, adsorbs ethylene but almost completely excludes ethane under ambient conditions.

    • Rui-Biao Lin
    • , Libo Li
    • , Hao-Long Zhou
    • , Hui Wu
    • , Chaohui He
    • , Shun Li
    • , Rajamani Krishna
    • , Jinping Li
    • , Wei Zhou
    •  & Banglin Chen
  • Article |

    Ferroelectric control of skyrmion density and stability is realized in a perovskite heterostructure.

    • Lingfei Wang
    • , Qiyuan Feng
    • , Yoonkoo Kim
    • , Rokyeon Kim
    • , Ki Hoon Lee
    • , Shawn D. Pollard
    • , Yeong Jae Shin
    • , Haibiao Zhou
    • , Wei Peng
    • , Daesu Lee
    • , Wenjie Meng
    • , Hyunsoo Yang
    • , Jung Hoon Han
    • , Miyoung Kim
    • , Qingyou Lu
    •  & Tae Won Noh
  • Review Article |

    Biomaterials have been utilized widely to study cellular mechanotransduction. This Review discusses how cells respond to mechanical cues elicited by a range of biomaterial characteristics via YAP/TAZ mechanosensitive transcriptional factor activity.

    • Giovanna Brusatin
    • , Tito Panciera
    • , Alessandro Gandin
    • , Anna Citron
    •  & Stefano Piccolo
  • Article |

    A technique of autoperforation is presented to fabricate colloidal microparticles with functional polymer composite enveloped by two sheets of 2D materials. The particles can work as electronic devices with good stability in harsh environment.

    • Pingwei Liu
    • , Albert Tianxiang Liu
    • , Daichi Kozawa
    • , Juyao Dong
    • , Jing Fan Yang
    • , Volodymyr B. Koman
    • , Max Saccone
    • , Song Wang
    • , Youngwoo Son
    • , Min Hao Wong
    •  & Michael S. Strano
  • Article |

    Ferroelectric hafnia occurs only in a thin-film orthorhombic phase that needs wake-up cycling to induce ferroelectricity. Here, by growing thin-film Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 under strain, a polar rhombohedral phase is achieved that does not require cycling.

    • Yingfen Wei
    • , Pavan Nukala
    • , Mart Salverda
    • , Sylvia Matzen
    • , Hong Jian Zhao
    • , Jamo Momand
    • , Arnoud S. Everhardt
    • , Guillaume Agnus
    • , Graeme R. Blake
    • , Philippe Lecoeur
    • , Bart J. Kooi
    • , Jorge Íñiguez
    • , Brahim Dkhil
    •  & Beatriz Noheda
  • Article |

    Topologically protected edge states can be observed when combining two Si-based phononic crystals of opposite phases, as well as on-chip elastic wave splitting via partition of edges states at the intersection of topological channels.

    • Mou Yan
    • , Jiuyang Lu
    • , Feng Li
    • , Weiyin Deng
    • , Xueqin Huang
    • , Jiahong Ma
    •  & Zhengyou Liu
  • Letter |

    The Zika virus infects the central nervous system and results in severe brain malformation. An amphiphatic peptide is now shown to penetrate the blood–brain barrier, reducing viral loads due to its activity against Zika and other mosquito-borne viruses.

    • Joshua A. Jackman
    • , Vivian V. Costa
    • , Soohyun Park
    • , Ana Luiza C. V. Real
    • , Jae Hyeon Park
    • , Pablo L. Cardozo
    • , Abdul Rahim Ferhan
    • , Isabella G. Olmo
    • , Thaiane P. Moreira
    • , Jordana L. Bambirra
    • , Victoria F. Queiroz
    • , Celso M. Queiroz-Junior
    • , Giselle Foureaux
    • , Danielle G. Souza
    • , Fabiola M. Ribeiro
    • , Bo Kyeong Yoon
    • , Evelien Wynendaele
    • , Bart De Spiegeleer
    • , Mauro M. Teixeira
    •  & Nam-Joon Cho
  • Article |

    A protein-based material with temperature-modulated mechanical properties and function is achieved by the rational incorporation of structural ordering and disordering elements into its polypeptide sequence.

    • Stefan Roberts
    • , Tyler S. Harmon
    • , Jeffrey L. Schaal
    • , Vincent Miao
    • , Kan (Jonathan) Li
    • , Andrew Hunt
    • , Yi Wen
    • , Terrence G. Oas
    • , Joel H. Collier
    • , Rohit V. Pappu
    •  & Ashutosh Chilkoti
  • Article |

    Liquid repellent coatings are important for several applications. Now, a coating that repels ultralow surface tension liquids and simultaneously shows robustness and transparency is reported.

    • Shuaijun Pan
    • , Rui Guo
    • , Mattias Björnmalm
    • , Joseph J. Richardson
    • , Ling Li
    • , Chang Peng
    • , Nadja Bertleff-Zieschang
    • , Weijian Xu
    • , Jianhui Jiang
    •  & Frank Caruso
  • Article |

    Semiconducting metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) can be of interest for optoelectronics, but charge transport property is rarely elucidated. Here, a π–d conjugated 2D MOF shows band-like charge transport, with room-temperature mobility of 220 cm2 V–1 s–1.

    • Renhao Dong
    • , Peng Han
    • , Himani Arora
    • , Marco Ballabio
    • , Melike Karakus
    • , Zhe Zhang
    • , Chandra Shekhar
    • , Peter Adler
    • , Petko St. Petkov
    • , Artur Erbe
    • , Stefan C. B. Mannsfeld
    • , Claudia Felser
    • , Thomas Heine
    • , Mischa Bonn
    • , Xinliang Feng
    •  & Enrique Cánovas
  • Article |

    The 1T′ phase of MoS2 monolayers, as well as the 2H phase and their heterophase bilayers, can be grown directly by tuning the potassium concentration in the reaction atmosphere. The pure 1T′ phase demonstrates in-plane anisotropic properties.

    • Lina Liu
    • , Juanxia Wu
    • , Liyuan Wu
    • , Meng Ye
    • , Xiaozhi Liu
    • , Qian Wang
    • , Siyao Hou
    • , Pengfei Lu
    • , Lifei Sun
    • , Jingying Zheng
    • , Lei Xing
    • , Lin Gu
    • , Xiangwei Jiang
    • , Liming Xie
    •  & Liying Jiao