Review Articles

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  • RNA-based therapeutics hold promise for the treatment of several diseases. This Review provides an overview of hydrogels for RNA delivery, discussing how the chemical nature and physical properties of hydrogels can be explored for tailored RNA loading and release, and highlighting the use of these materials in biomedical applications.

    • Ruibo Zhong
    • Sepehr Talebian
    • Jinjun Shi
    Review Article
  • This Review discusses the field of antiferromagnetic spintronics with a focus on coherent effects.

    • Jiahao Han
    • Ran Cheng
    • Shunsuke Fukami
    Review Article
  • Persistent luminescent phosphors are promising for applications from bioimaging to multilevel encryption. Here, the authors review the design and preparation of persistent luminescence nanomaterials, developments in biological applications and outstanding challenges.

    • Liangliang Liang
    • Jiaye Chen
    • Xiaogang Liu
    Review Article
  • This Review discusses recent progress in bioinspired nanocomposite design, emphasizing the role of hierarchical structuring at distinct length scales to create multifunctional, lightweight and robust structural materials for diverse technological applications.

    • Dhriti Nepal
    • Saewon Kang
    • Hendrik Heinz
    Review Article
  • This Review discusses the development of electronanotribology, its intersection with room-temperature ionic liquids and how such collaboration can be used to electrically control friction at the nanoscale.

    • Fernando Bresme
    • Alexei A. Kornyshev
    • Michael Urbakh
    Review Article
  • Ferrimagnets offer the combined advantages of both ferromagnets and antiferromagnets for spintronics applications. This Review surveys recent progress.

    • Se Kwon Kim
    • Geoffrey S. D. Beach
    • Hyunsoo Yang
    Review Article
  • Thermoelectric materials can generate energy from a heat differential. This Review provides an overview of mid- to high-temperature thermoelectrics, their application in modules, and the issues that need to be addressed to enable commercial implementation of state-of-the-art materials.

    • Qingyu Yan
    • Mercouri G. Kanatzidis
    Review Article
  • This Review provides an outlook on current understanding of the role of strain on the performance and stability of perovskite solar cells, as well as on tools to characterize strain in halide perovskite films and on strain management strategies.

    • Dongtao Liu
    • Deying Luo
    • Wei Zhang
    Review Article
  • This Review summarizes limitations in the current techniques used for patient-derived cancer organoid culture and highlights recent advancements and future opportunities for their standardization.

    • Bauer L. LeSavage
    • Riley A. Suhar
    • Sarah C. Heilshorn
    Review Article
  • Porous materials can selectively and reversibly adsorb large quantities of gas. This Review highlights progress made in using this class of materials for CO2 capture processes and discusses key gaps that the materials community can address to accelerate greater adoption of adsorptive carbon capture technologies.

    • Rebecca L. Siegelman
    • Eugene J. Kim
    • Jeffrey R. Long
    Review Article
  • Metal-halide and oxide perovskites are a rich playground for fundamental studies and applications. This Review focuses on the opportunities opened by reducing the dimensionality of these materials to two-dimensional monolayers.

    • Antonio Gaetano Ricciardulli
    • Sheng Yang
    • Michael Saliba
    Review Article
  • Multiscale modelling is a powerful tool to simulate materials behaviour, which has important features across multiple length and time scales. This Review provides an overview of multiscale computation methods and discusses their development for use in material design.

    • Jacob Fish
    • Gregory J. Wagner
    • Sinan Keten
    Review Article
  • Simulations can be used to accelerate the characterization and discovery of materials. Here we Review how electronic-structure methods such as density functional theory work, what properties they can be used to predict and how they can be used to design materials.

    • Nicola Marzari
    • Andrea Ferretti
    • Chris Wolverton
    Review Article
  • Materials simulations are now ubiquitous for explaining material properties. This Review discusses how machine-learned potentials break the limitations of system-size or accuracy, how active-learning will aid their development, how they are applied, and how they may become a more widely used approach.

    • Pascal Friederich
    • Florian Häse
    • Alán Aspuru-Guzik
    Review Article
  • This Review discusses the photophysical properties and nonlinear behaviour of single molecules, and their use as single-photon sources and in single-molecule sensing and quantum-sensing applications.

    • C. Toninelli
    • I. Gerhardt
    • M. Orrit
    Review Article
  • This Review highlights the approaches that have been utilized in the implementation of sensory feedback onto prosthetic devices to restore the sensation of touch and proprioception for amputees.

    • Stanisa Raspopovic
    • Giacomo Valle
    • Francesco Maria Petrini
    Review Article
  • This Review provides an overview of experimental and theoretical methods for the understanding of thermal transport, summarizes recent progress in materials with ultrahigh (or low) thermal conductivities, and outlines strategies for the engineering of extreme thermal conductivity materials.

    • Xin Qian
    • Jiawei Zhou
    • Gang Chen
    Review Article