Browse Articles

  • Article |

    Nanopores in 2D materials have various possible lattice isomers, making relevant quantitative analysis difficult. An isomer-cataloguing framework is developed to address this problem, demonstrating remarkable agreement between simulated and experimental data.

    • Ananth Govind Rajan
    • , Kevin S. Silmore
    • , Jacob Swett
    • , Alex W. Robertson
    • , Jamie H. Warner
    • , Daniel Blankschtein
    •  & Michael S. Strano
  • Article |

    A vaccine platform has been developed from a polymeric glyco-adjuvant conjugated to an antigen, and is now shown to target dendritic cells via mannose-binding receptors and generate potent cellular and humoral immune response against malaria.

    • D. Scott Wilson
    • , Sachiko Hirosue
    • , Michal M. Raczy
    • , Leonardo Bonilla-Ramirez
    • , Laura Jeanbart
    • , Ruyi Wang
    • , Marcin Kwissa
    • , Jean-Francois Franetich
    • , Maria A. S. Broggi
    • , Giacomo Diaceri
    • , Xavier Quaglia-Thermes
    • , Dominique Mazier
    • , Melody A. Swartz
    •  & Jeffrey A. Hubbell
  • Article |

    A monomer molecular dopant with high electron affinity is shown to accept up to two electrons from conjugated polymers with low ionization efficiency and then generate free charge carriers with an efficiency of up to 170%.

    • David Kiefer
    • , Renee Kroon
    • , Anna I. Hofmann
    • , Hengda Sun
    • , Xianjie Liu
    • , Alexander Giovannitti
    • , Dominik Stegerer
    • , Alexander Cano
    • , Jonna Hynynen
    • , Liyang Yu
    • , Yadong Zhang
    • , Dingqi Nai
    • , Thomas F. Harrelson
    • , Michael Sommer
    • , Adam J. Moulé
    • , Martijn Kemerink
    • , Seth R. Marder
    • , Iain McCulloch
    • , Mats Fahlman
    • , Simone Fabiano
    •  & Christian Müller
  • News & Views |

    A single dopant molecule can exchange more than one charge with the hosting polymer semiconductor, doubling the maximum doping efficiency achievable.

    • Björn Lüssem
  • News & Views |

    Despite an enormous number of nanopores that could, in principle, be formed in atomically thin materials, advanced modelling reveals that in typical experiments rather limited ensembles of most likely nanopores should be observed.

    • Petr Král
  • Article |

    High-resolution resonant impulsive stimulated Raman spectroscopy in two-dimensional hybrid metal halide perovskites provides evidence for polaronic effects on excitons, which couple to distinct low-frequency vibrational modes of the ionic lattice.

    • Félix Thouin
    • , David A. Valverde-Chávez
    • , Claudio Quarti
    • , Daniele Cortecchia
    • , Ilaria Bargigia
    • , David Beljonne
    • , Annamaria Petrozza
    • , Carlos Silva
    •  & Ajay Ram Srimath Kandada
  • News & Views |

    Use of graphene in a transistor configuration offers an alternative to metal electrodes for the recording of ultraslow neural potentials that occur in neurologic diseases.

    • Jed A. Hartings
  • Article |

    Arrays of graphene microtransistors are used to record infraslow cortical brain activity. The reduced signal drift and the array compatibility with optical imaging techniques make these devices useful for monitoring of brain physiology.

    • Eduard Masvidal-Codina
    • , Xavi Illa
    • , Miguel Dasilva
    • , Andrea Bonaccini Calia
    • , Tanja Dragojević
    • , Ernesto E. Vidal-Rosas
    • , Elisabet Prats-Alfonso
    • , Javier Martínez-Aguilar
    • , Jose M. De la Cruz
    • , Ramon Garcia-Cortadella
    • , Philippe Godignon
    • , Gemma Rius
    • , Alessandra Camassa
    • , Elena Del Corro
    • , Jessica Bousquet
    • , Clement Hébert
    • , Turgut Durduran
    • , Rosa Villa
    • , Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
    • , Jose A. Garrido
    •  & Anton Guimerà-Brunet
  • Letter |

    A second-order topological insulator in an acoustical metamaterial with a breathing kagome lattice, supporting one-dimensional edge states and zero-dimensional corner states is demonstrated.

    • Haoran Xue
    • , Yahui Yang
    • , Fei Gao
    • , Yidong Chong
    •  & Baile Zhang
  • Article |

    The phenomenology of multiferroic quantum criticality, where both ferroelectric and magnetic order parameters are tuned by quantum fluctuations, is drawn out. Non-thermal tuning parameters such as alloying and strain are explored and material realizations proposed.

    • Awadhesh Narayan
    • , Andrés Cano
    • , Alexander V. Balatsky
    •  & Nicola A. Spaldin
  • News & Views |

    Higher-order topological acoustic metamaterials on kagome lattices, which host topologically protected corner states, can confine sound at corners. This may lead to applications of acoustic metamaterials in local acoustic field enhancement, trapping and manipulating of particles, and acoustic sensing and probing.

    • Zhengyou Liu
  • Letter |

    A surface annealing method is used to access an insulating phase of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x and unidirectional charge order is observed.

    • He Zhao
    • , Zheng Ren
    • , Bryan Rachmilowitz
    • , John Schneeloch
    • , Ruidan Zhong
    • , Genda Gu
    • , Ziqiang Wang
    •  & Ilija Zeljkovic
  • Article |

    Thermal management can improve device function, but the role of dislocations is poorly understood. Here, thermoreflectance measurements show orientated dislocations in InN cause a thermal anisotropy ratio of 10, which is not predicted by standard models.

    • Bo Sun
    • , Georg Haunschild
    • , Carlos Polanco
    • , James (Zi-Jian) Ju
    • , Lucas Lindsay
    • , Gregor Koblmüller
    •  & Yee Kan Koh
  • Perspective |

    Electrolyte gating of complex oxides enables substantial control of electronic phase transitions, allowing electrical control of complex phenomena. Here, the role of both electrostatic and electrochemical mechanisms in this process is elucidated.

    • Chris Leighton
  • News & Views |

    Electro-optic modulators based on epitaxial barium titanate integrated on silicon can reach speeds up to 50 Gbit s–1.

    • Mo Li
    •  & Hong X. Tang
  • News & Views |

    Hydrogen from surface-based electrolysis is implicated in the operation of high-speed magneto-ionic devices. Functionalizing this discovery, a new family of potentially high-speed, high-efficiency ionic devices is born.

    • Dustin A. Gilbert
    •  & Alexander J. Grutter
  • Letter |

    An ordered structure that has only translational periodicity in one direction— unlike the known solid categories of crystal, quasicrystal and amorphous— is discovered in MgO and Nd2O3 ceramics.

    • Deqiang Yin
    • , Chunlin Chen
    • , Mitsuhiro Saito
    • , Kazutoshi Inoue
    •  & Yuichi Ikuhara
  • News & Views |

    A crystal structure with one-dimensional order is identified in oxide ceramics, which is distinguished from the well-known categories of solid structures and potentially provides unexpected properties.

    • Eric A. Stach
  • Article |

    A fluorescence-activated cell sorter is used to purify microparticles from colloidal mixtures.

    • Peter L. Mage
    • , Andrew T. Csordas
    • , Tyler Brown
    • , Daniel Klinger
    • , Michael Eisenstein
    • , Samir Mitragotri
    • , Craig Hawker
    •  & H. Tom Soh
  • Article |

    A vertical electric field is shown to induce reversible transitions between a semiconducting 2H phase, a distorted transient structure and a conducting Td phase in MoTe2 and Mo1–xWxTe2 multilayers, and used to realize vertical resistive random access memories.

    • Feng Zhang
    • , Huairuo Zhang
    • , Sergiy Krylyuk
    • , Cory A. Milligan
    • , Yuqi Zhu
    • , Dmitry Y. Zemlyanov
    • , Leonid A. Bendersky
    • , Benjamin P. Burton
    • , Albert V. Davydov
    •  & Joerg Appenzeller
  • News & Views |

    Structural transitions departing from the known phases of MoTe2 are induced by applying a vertical electric field to multilayers of this material. These distorted structures show distinct conducting states that can be used for resistive memories.

    • Daniel A. Rehn
    •  & Evan J. Reed
  • Article |

    Black phosphorus is being considered for energy storage but its rate and cycling capabilities are limited by intrinsic (de-)alloying. Molecular-level surface redox sites on oxidized black phosphorus can now be coupled with graphene via strong interlayer bonding.

    • Puritut Nakhanivej
    • , Xu Yu
    • , Sul Ki Park
    • , Soo Kim
    • , Jin-Yong Hong
    • , Hae Jin Kim
    • , Wonki Lee
    • , Jun Yeon Hwang
    • , Ji Eun Yang
    • , Chris Wolverton
    • , Jing Kong
    • , Manish Chhowalla
    •  & Ho Seok Park
  • Article |

    In this type of thermal cloak, when a fluid circulates around the object of interest, the temperature perturbation is minimized as the effective thermal conductivity of the fluid becomes very high due to convective effects.

    • Ying Li
    • , Ke-Jia Zhu
    • , Yu-Gui Peng
    • , Wei Li
    • , Tianzhi Yang
    • , He-Xiu Xu
    • , Hong Chen
    • , Xue-Feng Zhu
    • , Shanhui Fan
    •  & C.-W. Qiu
  • Article |

    Ferrimagnetic multilayers and alloys are shown to have an interesting thickness dependence of spin coherence length and spin torque efficiency. These results pave the way toward energy-efficient spintronics.

    • Jiawei Yu
    • , Do Bang
    • , Rahul Mishra
    • , Rajagopalan Ramaswamy
    • , Jung Hyun Oh
    • , Hyeon-Jong Park
    • , Yunboo Jeong
    • , Pham Van Thach
    • , Dong-Kyu Lee
    • , Gyungchoon Go
    • , Seo-Won Lee
    • , Yi Wang
    • , Shuyuan Shi
    • , Xuepeng Qiu
    • , Hiroyuki Awano
    • , Kyung-Jin Lee
    •  & Hyunsoo Yang
  • Article |

    Organic radical polymers are currently being considered as active materials for fast-charging battery electrodes but their transport and charge storage characteristics are not well understood. A quantitative view of in situ ion transport and doping in these systems during the redox process is now provided.

    • Shaoyang Wang
    • , Fei Li
    • , Alexandra D. Easley
    •  & Jodie L. Lutkenhaus
  • Comment |

    This Comment describes some of the common pitfalls encountered in deriving and validating predictive statistical models from high-dimensional data. It offers a fresh perspective on some key statistical issues, providing some guidelines to avoid pitfalls, and to help unfamiliar readers better assess the reliability and significance of their results.

    • Andrew E. Teschendorff
  • Article |

    Tuning ionic permeation across nanoscale pores is important for areas ranging from nanofluidic computing to drug delivery. Complex formation between crown ethers and dissolved metal ions is used to demonstrate graphene-based ion channels with high mechanosensitivity.

    • A. Fang
    • , K. Kroenlein
    • , D. Riccardi
    •  & A. Smolyanitsky
  • News & Views |

    A method to selectively grow pure metallic-phase monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides marks an important step towards industrially viable nano-(opto)electronic technologies based on two-dimensional materials and their hierarchical assemblies.

    • Aditya D. Mohite
    •  & Jean-Christophe Blancon
  • News & Views |

    Macrophage confinement reduces the ‘late’ inflammatory gene response to lipopolysaccharide through myocardin-related transcription factor, an actin-binding transcription factor.

    • Wendy F. Liu
  • Editorial |

    There is room for improvement in materials sustainability, provided we examine carefully the whole value chain.

  • Letter |

    Elastomer sheets with programmable air channel organization swiftly shape into complex three-dimensional structures upon the application of pressure.

    • Emmanuel Siéfert
    • , Etienne Reyssat
    • , José Bico
    •  & Benoît Roman
  • Article |

    Controlling crystallite size can lead to improved applications. Here, this is achieved by a combination of metal ions, organic linkers, and polymers; the resultant membrane displays promising CO2/N2 separation properties and hydrolytic stability.

    • Zhihua Qiao
    • , Song Zhao
    • , Menglong Sheng
    • , Jixiao Wang
    • , Shichang Wang
    • , Zhi Wang
    • , Chongli Zhong
    •  & Michael D. Guiver
  • Article |

    Bi2Te3 materials suffer from brittleness, limiting their application for thermoelectric harvesting. By depositing ordered nanocrystals onto single-wall carbon nanotubes, a flexible material is formed that achieves ZT of 0.89 at room temperature.

    • Qun Jin
    • , Song Jiang
    • , Yang Zhao
    • , Dong Wang
    • , Jianhang Qiu
    • , Dai-Ming Tang
    • , Jun Tan
    • , Dong-Ming Sun
    • , Peng-Xiang Hou
    • , Xing-Qiu Chen
    • , Kaiping Tai
    • , Ning Gao
    • , Chang Liu
    • , Hui-Ming Cheng
    •  & Xin Jiang
  • News & Views |

    Sputtering brittle bismuth telluride onto webs of single-walled carbon nanotubes creates a reliably flexible, high-performance thermoelectric composite.

    • Shawn A. Gregory
    •  & Mark D. Losego
  • News & Views |

    An elastomer sheet with programmed inner channel architecture swiftly shapes into a desired three-dimensional geometry upon the application of pressure.

    • Efi Efrati
  • News & Views |

    By combining metal ions, organic linkers and polymers, ordered frameworks with controlled crystallite size can form. When fabricated into membranes, they combine superlative CO2/N2 separation properties with good hydrolytic stability.

    • Joshua D. Moon
    •  & Benny D. Freeman
  • News & Views |

    Although precipitates’ compositions are theoretically determined by thermodynamics, their formation kinetics can also lead to composition variations that allow further structural evolution, making the precipitation path more complex.

    • Emmanuel Clouet
  • Article |

    Electro-optic modulators based on epitaxial barium titanate (BTO) integrated on silicon exhibit speeds up to 50 Gbit s–1 while the Pockels coefficient of the BTO film is found to be approaching the bulk value.

    • Stefan Abel
    • , Felix Eltes
    • , J. Elliott Ortmann
    • , Andreas Messner
    • , Pau Castera
    • , Tino Wagner
    • , Darius Urbonas
    • , Alvaro Rosa
    • , Ana M. Gutierrez
    • , Domenico Tulli
    • , Ping Ma
    • , Benedikt Baeuerle
    • , Arne Josten
    • , Wolfgang Heni
    • , Daniele Caimi
    • , Lukas Czornomaz
    • , Alexander A. Demkov
    • , Juerg Leuthold
    • , Pablo Sanchis
    •  & Jean Fompeyrine