Browse Articles

  • Editorial |

    The expanding realm of diamond and related superhard materials requires understanding their structural complexity and the correlation with synthesis conditions for potential properties engineering.

  • News & Views |

    In situ metabolic labelling and targeted modulation of dendritic cells has been achieved using a hydrogel system in combination with covalent capture of antigens and adjuvants, facilitating improved tumour-specific immune response.

    • Joshua M. Gammon
    •  & Christopher M. Jewell
  • News & Views |

    Light is known to induce segregation of iodine and bromine in mixed-halide perovskites. Counterintuitively, it is now shown that irradiation at higher intensity reverses this process, leading to halide remixing.

    • Masaru Kuno
  • Article |

    The mechanism of stress fibre assembly by the coalescence of actin filaments in the cell cortex has now been found to account for the transmission of mechanical forces throughout the entire cell along stress fibres.

    • Timothée Vignaud
    • , Calina Copos
    • , Christophe Leterrier
    • , Mauricio Toro-Nahuelpan
    • , Qingzong Tseng
    • , Julia Mahamid
    • , Laurent Blanchoin
    • , Alex Mogilner
    • , Manuel Théry
    •  & Laetitia Kurzawa
  • Article |

    Depending on its intensity, light irradiation is shown to induce not only segregation but also remixing of halide ions in mixed-halide perovskites, enabling in situ and localized control of chemical composition and optical bandgap in these materials.

    • Wenxin Mao
    • , Christopher R. Hall
    • , Stefano Bernardi
    • , Yi-Bing Cheng
    • , Asaph Widmer-Cooper
    • , Trevor A. Smith
    •  & Udo Bach
  • Article |

    Polar skyrmions are topologically protected structures that can exist in (PbTiO3)n/(SrTiO3)n superlattices. Here, it is shown that they have negative permittivity at the surface, and that they can undergo a reversible phase transition with large dielectric tunability under an electric field.

    • S. Das
    • , Z. Hong
    • , V. A. Stoica
    • , M. A. P. Gonçalves
    • , Y. T. Shao
    • , E. Parsonnet
    • , E. J. Marksz
    • , S. Saremi
    • , M. R. McCarter
    • , A. Reynoso
    • , C. J. Long
    • , A. M. Hagerstrom
    • , D. Meyers
    • , V. Ravi
    • , B. Prasad
    • , H. Zhou
    • , Z. Zhang
    • , H. Wen
    • , F. Gómez-Ortiz
    • , P. García-Fernández
    • , J. Bokor
    • , J. Íñiguez
    • , J. W. Freeland
    • , N. D. Orloff
    • , J. Junquera
    • , L. Q. Chen
    • , S. Salahuddin
    • , D. A. Muller
    • , L. W. Martin
    •  & R. Ramesh
  • Article |

    High-entropy ceramics are solid solutions offering compositional flexibility and wide variety of applicability. High-entropy concepts are shown to lead to substantial performance improvement in cation-disordered rocksalt-type cathodes for Li-ion batteries.

    • Zhengyan Lun
    • , Bin Ouyang
    • , Deok-Hwang Kwon
    • , Yang Ha
    • , Emily E. Foley
    • , Tzu-Yang Huang
    • , Zijian Cai
    • , Hyunchul Kim
    • , Mahalingam Balasubramanian
    • , Yingzhi Sun
    • , Jianping Huang
    • , Yaosen Tian
    • , Haegyeom Kim
    • , Bryan D. McCloskey
    • , Wanli Yang
    • , Raphaële J. Clément
    • , Huiwen Ji
    •  & Gerbrand Ceder
  • Article |

    The Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (DMI) enables coupling of magnetic spins and is responsible for non-collinear phenomena such as skyrmions. Here, using first-principles simulations and group theory analysis, it is demonstrated that an electric DMI exists and is analogous to the magnetic DMI.

    • Hong Jian Zhao
    • , Peng Chen
    • , Sergey Prosandeev
    • , Sergey Artyukhin
    •  & Laurent Bellaiche
  • Article |

    Transmission electron microscopy reveals the electroplastic effects in a Ti–Al alloy, which can be uncoupled from Joule heating effects. Electropulsing during deformation enhances wavy slip of dislocations, reconfiguring the dislocation pattern, and hence increases the ductility.

    • Shiteng Zhao
    • , Ruopeng Zhang
    • , Yan Chong
    • , Xiaoqing Li
    • , Anas Abu-Odeh
    • , Eric Rothchild
    • , Daryl C. Chrzan
    • , Mark Asta
    • , J. W. Morris Jr.
    •  & Andrew M. Minor
  • Article |

    In contrast with conventional views, ultra-large-scale atomistic simulations show that the staged character of strain hardening of metals originates from crystal rotation, whereas the dislocation behaviours remain the same across all the stages.

    • Luis A. Zepeda-Ruiz
    • , Alexander Stukowski
    • , Tomas Oppelstrup
    • , Nicolas Bertin
    • , Nathan R. Barton
    • , Rodrigo Freitas
    •  & Vasily V. Bulatov
  • Article |

    Zeolite membranes can be used for gas molecular sieving, but synthesis requires complex hydrothermal treatment. Here, single layers of zeolite precursor RUB-15 are exfoliated followed by a condensation reaction, forming zeolite membranes with H2/CO2 selectivity of 20 to 100 in a facile process.

    • Mostapha Dakhchoune
    • , Luis Francisco Villalobos
    • , Rocio Semino
    • , Lingmei Liu
    • , Mojtaba Rezaei
    • , Pascal Schouwink
    • , Claudia Esther Avalos
    • , Paul Baade
    • , Vanessa Wood
    • , Yu Han
    • , Michele Ceriotti
    •  & Kumar Varoon Agrawal
  • Perspective |

    Although low-temperature water electrolysers are crucial for decarbonizing the industrial sector, substantial improvements in performance and deployment rates are needed. Recent developments in devices with modified architectures and designs, and practical challenges hampering large-scale deployment are discussed.

    • Marie Francine Lagadec
    •  & Alexis Grimaud
  • Article |

    Time-resolved X-ray scattering is utilized to demonstrate an ultrafast 300 ps topological phase transition to a skyrmionic phase. This transition is enabled by the formation of a transient topological fluctuation state.

    • Felix Büttner
    • , Bastian Pfau
    • , Marie Böttcher
    • , Michael Schneider
    • , Giuseppe Mercurio
    • , Christian M. Günther
    • , Piet Hessing
    • , Christopher Klose
    • , Angela Wittmann
    • , Kathinka Gerlinger
    • , Lisa-Marie Kern
    • , Christian Strüber
    • , Clemens von Korff Schmising
    • , Josefin Fuchs
    • , Dieter Engel
    • , Alexandra Churikova
    • , Siying Huang
    • , Daniel Suzuki
    • , Ivan Lemesh
    • , Mantao Huang
    • , Lucas Caretta
    • , David Weder
    • , John H. Gaida
    • , Marcel Möller
    • , Tyler R. Harvey
    • , Sergey Zayko
    • , Kai Bagschik
    • , Robert Carley
    • , Laurent Mercadier
    • , Justine Schlappa
    • , Alexander Yaroslavtsev
    • , Loïc Le Guyarder
    • , Natalia Gerasimova
    • , Andreas Scherz
    • , Carsten Deiter
    • , Rafael Gort
    • , David Hickin
    • , Jun Zhu
    • , Monica Turcato
    • , David Lomidze
    • , Florian Erdinger
    • , Andrea Castoldi
    • , Stefano Maffessanti
    • , Matteo Porro
    • , Andrey Samartsev
    • , Jairo Sinova
    • , Claus Ropers
    • , Johan H. Mentink
    • , Bertrand Dupé
    • , Geoffrey S. D. Beach
    •  & Stefan Eisebitt
  • Article |

    A graphene nanocomposite hydrogel showing anisotropic swelling is used to realize an electrically conducting and removable bioadhesive that improves the mechanical and electrical integration of bioelectronics devices with wet dynamic tissues.

    • Jue Deng
    • , Hyunwoo Yuk
    • , Jingjing Wu
    • , Claudia E. Varela
    • , Xiaoyu Chen
    • , Ellen T. Roche
    • , Chuan Fei Guo
    •  & Xuanhe Zhao
  • News & Views |

    Zeolitic catalyst particles are grown with nanosized fins that improve mass transport into the interior of the particle. This delays catalyst deactivation in the methanol-to-hydrocarbons process.

    • German Sastre
  • News & Views |

    Polymeric glasses with significant thermodynamic and kinetic stability have been fabricated using physical vapour deposition, providing a mean to gather insight into the properties of glasses aged for millions of years.

    • Juan J. de Pablo
  • Q&A |

    Avelino Corma, professor at the Institute of Chemical Technology (ITQ-CSIC-Polytechnical University of Valencia), talks to Nature Materials about challenges facing zeolites, and issues faced in commercializing research.

    • Stephen Shevlin
  • News & Views |

    Controlling nuclear spins coupled to an electron spin in silicon carbide has enabled development of a ‘quantum register’ interfaced with telecom photons, leading to the possibility of distant transport of quantum information.

    • Siddharth Dhomkar
    •  & John J. L. Morton
  • News & Views |

    Correlated real-space imaging and optical measurements of twisted MoSe2/WSe2 bilayers reveal strain-induced modulations of the moiré potential landscape, tuning arrays of 0D traps into 1D stripes and leading to substantial changes in the optical response of the heterostructures.

    • Long Zhang
    •  & Hui Deng
  • News & Views |

    Carbon nanotubes with single-digit diameter embedded in a solid artificial membrane show pressure-sensitive ionic conductance that is similar to the mechanically activated currents of biological ion channels.

    • Sanjin Marion
    •  & Aleksandra Radenovic
  • Editorial |

    Zeolites have proven to be a boon for industrial catalysis, and our knowledge of how chemical processes work in these materials continues to increase.

  • Letter |

    A 3D bioprinting approach has been developed to facilitate tissue morphogenesis by directly depositing organoid-forming stem cells in an extracellular matrix, with the ability to generate intestinal epithelia and branched vascular tissue constructs.

    • Jonathan A. Brassard
    • , Mike Nikolaev
    • , Tania Hübscher
    • , Moritz Hofer
    •  & Matthias P. Lutolf
  • Article |

    Oriented trenches are created in h-BN using different catalysts, and used as templates to grow seamlessly integrated armchair and zigzag graphene nanoribbons with chirality-dependent electrical and magnetic conductance properties.

    • Hui Shan Wang
    • , Lingxiu Chen
    • , Kenan Elibol
    • , Li He
    • , Haomin Wang
    • , Chen Chen
    • , Chengxin Jiang
    • , Chen Li
    • , Tianru Wu
    • , Chun Xiao Cong
    • , Timothy J. Pennycook
    • , Giacomo Argentero
    • , Daoli Zhang
    • , Kenji Watanabe
    • , Takashi Taniguchi
    • , Wenya Wei
    • , Qinghong Yuan
    • , Jannik C. Meyer
    •  & Xiaoming Xie
  • Perspective |

    Lewis acid aluminium sites in zeolites enable some industrially relevant catalytic reactions, such as biomass valorization. This Perspective explores the origin and interpretation of these species, and discusses characterization techniques that can close knowledge gaps.

    • Manoj Ravi
    • , Vitaly L. Sushkevich
    •  & Jeroen A. van Bokhoven
  • Article |

    Isotope engineering of silicon carbide leads to control of nuclear spins associated with single divacancy centres and extended electron spin coherence.

    • Alexandre Bourassa
    • , Christopher P. Anderson
    • , Kevin C. Miao
    • , Mykyta Onizhuk
    • , He Ma
    • , Alexander L. Crook
    • , Hiroshi Abe
    • , Jawad Ul-Hassan
    • , Takeshi Ohshima
    • , Nguyen T. Son
    • , Giulia Galli
    •  & David D. Awschalom
  • Letter |

    A carbazole isomer, typically present as an impurity in commercially produced carbazole batches, is shown to be responsible for the ultralong phosphorescence observed in these compounds and their derivatives.

    • Chengjian Chen
    • , Zhenguo Chi
    • , Kok Chan Chong
    • , Andrei S. Batsanov
    • , Zhan Yang
    • , Zhu Mao
    • , Zhiyong Yang
    •  & Bin Liu
  • Comment |

    Classical experiments from solid-state electrochemistry can be used to determine the charge of ions in solids. This Comment also clarifies how the charge of point defects fits with the standard picture of ionic charge, and highlights differences between these electrochemical experiments and methods that probe electrons directly.

    • Roger A. De Souza
    •  & David N. Mueller
  • Article |

    Computational analysis and mechanical testing demonstrate that the skeletal system of a marine sponge has, through the course of evolution, achieved a near-optimal resistance to buckling.

    • Matheus C. Fernandes
    • , Joanna Aizenberg
    • , James C. Weaver
    •  & Katia Bertoldi
  • Review Article |

    This Review summarizes recent progress in exploring the intrinsic magnetism of atomically thin van der Waals materials, manipulation of their magnetism by tuning the interlayer coupling, and device structures for spin- and valleytronic applications.

    • Bevin Huang
    • , Michael A. McGuire
    • , Andrew F. May
    • , Di Xiao
    • , Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
    •  & Xiaodong Xu
  • Review Article |

    The development of perovskite emitters, their use in light-emitting devices, and the challenges in enhancing the efficiency and stability, as well as reducing the potential toxicity of this technology are discussed in this Review.

    • Xiao-Ke Liu
    • , Weidong Xu
    • , Sai Bai
    • , Yizheng Jin
    • , Jianpu Wang
    • , Richard H. Friend
    •  & Feng Gao
  • Article |

    The methanol-to-hydrocarbons reaction on zeolites produces olefins from many sources, but catalyst stability is a major challenge. Here, by combining operando measurements and simulations, the formation and identification of deactivating carbonaceous species throughout the reaction are achieved.

    • I. Lezcano-Gonzalez
    • , E. Campbell
    • , A. E. J. Hoffman
    • , M. Bocus
    • , I. V. Sazanovich
    • , M. Towrie
    • , M. Agote-Aran
    • , E. K. Gibson
    • , A. Greenaway
    • , K. De Wispelaere
    • , V. Van Speybroeck
    •  & A. M. Beale
  • Article |

    Experiments and molecular dynamics simulations show that the dehydration-induced actuation of nanoporous tripeptide crystals is a result of pore contraction caused by the strengthening of the water hydrogen-bonding network inside the pore, which creates mechanical stress that deforms the crystal lattice.

    • Roxana Piotrowska
    • , Travis Hesketh
    • , Haozhen Wang
    • , Alan R. G. Martin
    • , Deborah Bowering
    • , Chunqiu Zhang
    • , Chunhua T. Hu
    • , Scott A. McPhee
    • , Tong Wang
    • , Yaewon Park
    • , Pulkit Singla
    • , Thomas McGlone
    • , Alastair Florence
    • , Tell Tuttle
    • , Rein V. Ulijn
    •  & Xi Chen
  • Article |

    Aligned arrays of single-crystalline monolayer TMD nanoribbons with high aspect ratios, as well as their lateral heterostructures, are realized, with the growth directed by the ledges on the β-Ga2O3 substrate. This approach provides an epitaxy platform for advanced electronics applications of TMD nanoribbons.

    • Areej Aljarb
    • , Jui-Han Fu
    • , Chih-Chan Hsu
    • , Chih-Piao Chuu
    • , Yi Wan
    • , Mariam Hakami
    • , Dipti R. Naphade
    • , Emre Yengel
    • , Chien-Ju Lee
    • , Steven Brems
    • , Tse-An Chen
    • , Ming-Yang Li
    • , Sang-Hoon Bae
    • , Wei-Ting Hsu
    • , Zhen Cao
    • , Rehab Albaridy
    • , Sergei Lopatin
    • , Wen-Hao Chang
    • , Thomas D. Anthopoulos
    • , Jeehwan Kim
    • , Lain-Jong Li
    •  & Vincent Tung
  • Article |

    A DNA nanodevice vaccine has been developed and utilized to stimulate a tumour-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte response in vivo, leading to the inhibition of tumour growth as well as prevention of metastasis.

    • Shaoli Liu
    • , Qiao Jiang
    • , Xiao Zhao
    • , Ruifang Zhao
    • , Yuanning Wang
    • , Yiming Wang
    • , Jianbing Liu
    • , Yingxu Shang
    • , Shuai Zhao
    • , Tiantian Wu
    • , Yinlong Zhang
    • , Guangjun Nie
    •  & Baoquan Ding
  • Article |

    Relaxor ferroelectric systems exhibit exceptional electromechanical coupling that arises from a variety of nanoscale chemical ordering. Here, scanning transmission electron microscopy is used to quantify this structural complexity directly.

    • Abinash Kumar
    • , Jonathon N. Baker
    • , Preston C. Bowes
    • , Matthew J. Cabral
    • , Shujun Zhang
    • , Elizabeth C. Dickey
    • , Douglas L. Irving
    •  & James M. LeBeau
  • Article |

    Type-1 innate lymphoid cells have been shown to drive intestinal epithelial proliferation and extracellular matrix remodelling through TGF-β1 secretion, which could exacerbate inflammatory bowel disease comorbidities such as cancer and fibrosis.

    • Geraldine M. Jowett
    • , Michael D. A. Norman
    • , Tracy T. L. Yu
    • , Patricia Rosell Arévalo
    • , Dominique Hoogland
    • , Suzette T. Lust
    • , Emily Read
    • , Eva Hamrud
    • , Nick J. Walters
    • , Umar Niazi
    • , Matthew Wai Heng Chung
    • , Daniele Marciano
    • , Omer S. Omer
    • , Tomasz Zabinski
    • , Davide Danovi
    • , Graham M. Lord
    • , Jöns Hilborn
    • , Nicholas D. Evans
    • , Cécile A. Dreiss
    • , Laurent Bozec
    • , Oommen P. Oommen
    • , Christian D. Lorenz
    • , Ricardo M. P. da Silva
    • , Joana F. Neves
    •  & Eileen Gentleman
  • Article |

    Shear-aligned keratin protofibres are used to fabricate shape-memory fibres and three-dimensional scaffolds that respond to water.

    • Luca Cera
    • , Grant M. Gonzalez
    • , Qihan Liu
    • , Suji Choi
    • , Christophe O. Chantre
    • , Juncheol Lee
    • , Rudy Gabardi
    • , Myung Chul Choi
    • , Kwanwoo Shin
    •  & Kevin Kit Parker
  • News & Views |

    The discovery of intrinsic quantum confinement effects in the form of oscillations in the optical absorption of formamidinium lead triiodide thin films is a vivid example of the surprising physical properties of these hybrid organic–inorganic materials.

    • Alejandro R. Goñi
  • Letter |

    A refractory high-entropy alloy was designed with the composition chosen based on the natural-mixing characteristics among refractory elements; this alloy demonstrates good tensile ductility in the as-cast state and physicochemical stability at high temperatures.

    • Shaolou Wei
    • , Sang Jun Kim
    • , Jiyun Kang
    • , Yong Zhang
    • , Yongjie Zhang
    • , Tadashi Furuhara
    • , Eun Soo Park
    •  & Cemal Cem Tasan
  • Article |

    Oscillatory features in the absorption spectra of formamidinium lead triiodide perovskite thin films reveal the occurrence of intrinsic quantum confinement effects with confinement on the scale of tens of nanometres.

    • Adam D. Wright
    • , George Volonakis
    • , Juliane Borchert
    • , Christopher L. Davies
    • , Feliciano Giustino
    • , Michael B. Johnston
    •  & Laura M. Herz