Donor and recipient gastrointestinal tracts and their microbiomes are represented on the cover as converging pipes, demonstrating the interplay between the microbial communities after FMT, described in Bork et al.

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    • CAR-mediated trogocytosis contributes to dysfunction of natural killer (NK) cells by promoting fratricide and is an important mechanism of relapse after CAR-NK cell therapy. This problem can be overcome using a dual-CAR strategy that incorporates a dominant-negative signal to prevent NK cell fratricide and exhaustion, while sparing the CAR-activating signal against tumor targets.

      Research Briefing
    • Following a single infusion of CD19-targeting CAR T cells, five patients with SLE showed reduction in disease activity and disease markers; long-term follow-up of these patients and larger trials are now key priorities.

      • Jane E. Salmon
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    • Early identification of at-risk people is critical in disease prevention, but current screening approaches are resource intensive and are often restricted to one disease at a time. We show how nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy–derived metabolomics profiles can be used to predict multi-disease risk for the onset of 24 common conditions.

      Research Briefing
    • To accelerate the development of T cell–based immunotherapies that are effective for more patients with cancer, there is an urgent need to decipher the precise attributes of the ideal therapeutic T cell. In March 2021, the Parker Institute of Cancer Immunotherapy and 10x Genomics partnered to bring together a group of T cell immunotherapy researchers and single-cell-technology innovators for a day’s workshop. Participants evaluated the current cutting edge of knowledge, identified areas for focused technology development, and put forward a call to action to the field. Insights were provided on how to best leverage single-cell technologies and key areas for future development were proposed — with the goal of facilitating a better understanding of T cell research and translation of this research into effective cancer immunotherapies. The key points of discussion that emerged from this workshop are summarized here.

      • Samantha L. Bucktrout
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