Read our June issue

This month we cover protoplanetary accretion, thunderstorms, reservoir carbon budgets, and microcontinent extension as well as a review of marine phosphorus and an Editorial on warm intervals. 


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    • Phosphorus plays a dynamic and complex role in marine biogeochemistry, which is closely connected to carbon, nitrogen and metal cycling, according to a literature synthesis on recent advances in understandings of the marine phosphorus cycle.

      • Solange Duhamel
      • Julia M. Diaz
      • Emily M. Waggoner
      Review Article
    • Analysis of global ocean carbonate chemistry and water mass age information confirms the substantial in situ dissolution of calcium carbonate particles in the upper water column.

      • Kitack Lee
      • Richard A. Feely
      News & Views
    • High-frequency radar tracking of icebergs floating in front of a glacier in Greenland show that movements of the ice mélange consistently increase before calving events, indicating that mélange has the potential to modulate calving.

      • Irena Vaňková
      News & Views
    • Corals reveal that part of the plate-boundary fault near Sumatra slipped slowly and quietly for three decades before a large earthquake in 1861. The exceptional duration of this slip event has implications for interpreting deformation to assess seismic hazard.

      • Daniel Melnick
      News & Views
  • Working spaces and cultures in the geosciences need to change in order to attract, safeguard and retain people with disabilities.

    • Anya Lawrence
  • Warm intervals in the geological record potentially hold the key to understanding ongoing changes in Earth’s climate. Our ability to unlock this information depends on continued technical and conceptual progress.

  • Plate boundary faults in subduction zones can generate large earthquakes and tsunamis. Recent studies have revealed that these faults slip in various ways and may be influenced by many factors. Better understanding them should improve hazard assessments.

  • Geoscientists will play key roles in the grand challenges of the twenty-first century, but this requires our field to address its past when it comes to diversity and inclusion. Considering the bleak picture of racial diversity in the UK, we put forward steps institutions can take to break down barriers and make the geosciences equitable.

    • Natasha Dowey
    • Jenni Barclay
    • Rebecca Williams
  • Interacting geological processes can cause complex hazard cascades that threaten life and property. Past events are instructive, but physical understanding must be paired with effective communication to minimize the risks posed by these events.

  • Wetlands provide a wealth of societal and climatic benefits. Balanced conservation strategies are needed to ensure their protection in the twenty-first century and beyond.



Megathrusts, faults at the interface between one tectonic plate overriding another, can generate large earthquakes and tsunamis.

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