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General relativity at 100

In November 1915, Albert Einstein put the finishing touches on his radical reinvention of space, time, gravity and the Universe itself. Throughout the following 100 years, experimenters have confirmed the general theory of relativity to ever-higher precision, and theorists have unravelled implications of it that even Einstein had not dreamed of, from black holes to the Big Bang. In this special collection and in a companion e-book, Nature celebrates the past triumphs of Einstein’s creation and the milestones yet to come.

Image credit: S. Shapiro, S. Connelly, A. Khan and L. Kong, UIUC

Companion Ebook

  • General relativity at 100

    In the years since 1915, all the theoretical breakthroughs and experimental triumphs in general relativity were chronicled – and many of them were originally published -- in the pages of Nature. This e-book collects the best of those papers, from Einstein’s own account of the genesis his theory to Stephen Hawking’s discovery that black hole are not quite black. Price: $9.99.

    Nature (16 November 2015)



  • The quantum source of space-time

    Many physicists believe that entanglement is the essence of quantum weirdness — and some now suspect that it may also be the essence of space-time.

    Nature (16 November 2015)

  • Complexity on the horizon

    A concept developed for computer science could have a key role in fundamental physics — and point the way to a new understanding of space and time.

    Nature (28 May 2014)

  • First light

    The left-over radiation from the Big Bang has given up what may be its last great secret about the early Universe, but astronomers are determined to mine more from this primordial prize.

    Nature (14 May 2014)

  • Fire in the hole!

    Will an astronaut who falls into a black hole be crushed or burned to a crisp?

    Nature (03 April 2013)

  • The origins of space and time

    Many researchers believe that physics will not be complete until it can explain not just the behaviour of space and time, but where these entities come from.

    Nature (28 August 2013)

  • String theory finds a bench mate

    The exotic theory of everything could shed light on the behaviour of real materials, thanks to an unexpected mathematical connection with condensed-matter physics.

    Nature (19 October 2011)


News archive

Books and Arts

  • Q&A: Space-time visionary

    Theoretical physicist Kip Thorne recounts how he helped to turn his ideas into the film Interstellar.

    Nature (12 November 2014)

  • Einstein's curve ball

    Graham Farmelo reviews Pedro Ferreira’s The Perfect Theory, a 'biography' of the general theory of relativity.

    Nature (29 January 2014)

News & Views

  • Gravity tested on large scales

    Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity has passed a rigorous test on the scale of galaxy clusters. But the test does not rule out a popular alternative model of gravity.

    Nature (28 September 2011)

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