Cropping out regulation

Since 2010, the US Department of Agriculture has told at least 10 groups that their genetically modified (GM) crops would not be regulated because a plant pest was not used to do the engineering.

Crop Trait Developer Technique
Switchgrass Easier conversion to biofuels Ceres Gene gun
Grapes Red colour University of Florida Gene gun
Turf grasses Herbicide tolerant Scotts Miracle-Gro Gene gun
Maize (corn) Improved nutrition Dow AgroSciences Zinc-finger nuclease
Plums Faster breeding Appalachian Fruit Research Station Non-transgenic offspring of GM parents
Tobacco Faster breeding North Carolina State University Non-transgenic offspring of GM parents
Sorghum grass Higher yields University of Nebraska–Lincoln Epigenetics
Not disclosed Faster breeding New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Non-transgenic offspring of GM parents
Ornamental plants Not disclosed BioGlow Not disclosed
Not disclosed Not disclosed Cellectis Meganuclease-targeted gene deletions
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