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  • Reconstitution of TDP-43 filaments that exhibit sequence and morphological features similar to those found in the brain helps to uncover a new mechanism for the formation and propagation of pathology in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurodegenerative diseases.

    • Senthil T. Kumar
    • Sergey Nazarov
    • Hilal A. Lashuel
    ArticleOpen Access
  • This study tests a key hypothesis of cerebellar motor correction, showing that inputs to the cerebellum that drive errors during skilled movements are rapidly adjusted over trials to enhance motor accuracy.

    • Dylan J. Calame
    • Matthew I. Becker
    • Abigail L. Person
  • Endocannabinoids are important modulators of synaptic transmission, although their mechanism of release is unknown. In this study, the authors found that endocannabinoid postsynaptic release is mediated by synucleins via a synuclein-dependent and SNARE-dependent mechanism.

    • Eddy Albarran
    • Yue Sun
    • Jun B. Ding
    ArticleOpen Access
  • The immune system plays a critical role in neurodegenerative diseases. Resident and peripheral immune cells contribute to disease progression. Here, the authors review the role of peripheral immune cells both when infiltrating the CNS or when remaining in the periphery.

    • Félix Berriat
    • Christian S. Lobsiger
    • Séverine Boillée
    Review Article
  • Using long-term brain recordings in patients with chronic pain, we identified objective biomarkers of real-world subjective pain intensity over many months. Spontaneous chronic pain states were predicted most reliably by sustained changes in the activity of the orbitofrontal cortex, whereas acute pain was most associated with signals from the anterior cingulate cortex.

    Research Briefing
  • As Nature Neuroscience celebrates its 25th anniversary, we are having conversations with both established leaders in the field and those earlier in their careers to discuss how the field has evolved and where it is heading. This month we are talking to Klaus-Armin Nave (Director at the Max Planck Institute for Multidisciplinary Sciences, Germany), a glia researcher and molecular biologist who is interested in glia–neuron interactions and a pioneer in the study of the ability of myelinating cells to metabolically support axons.

    • Elisa Floriddia
  • As Nature Neuroscience celebrates its 25th anniversary, we are having conversations with both established leaders in the field and those earlier in their careers to discuss how neuroscience has evolved and where it is heading. This month, we are talking to Lucina Q. Uddin, professor-in-residence at Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at the University of California Los Angeles and the 2022–2023 Chair of the Diversity & Inclusivity Committee for the Organization for Human Brain Mapping. She uses neuroimaging to study brain networks that support behavior in typically developing children and children with autism. She spoke with me about how she became interested in neuroscience, her career trajectory, and personal experiences that led to her efforts in promoting diversity, equity and inclusion.

    • Jean Mary Zarate
  • Using depth electrodes in human patients, scientists at the Mayo Clinic found that the map of the body in motor cortex extends deep into the central sulcus. Unexpectedly, the nonsomatotopic ‘Rolandic motor association’ (RMA) area interrupts this organization.

    • Michael A. Jensen
    • Harvey Huang
    • Kai J. Miller
    Brief CommunicationOpen Access
  • The molecular diversity of microglia has been described. Here the authors show that ARG1-expressing microglia are enriched in phagocytic inclusions and are involved in hippocampal innervation and spine maturation in mice. ARG1-expressing microglia also modulate cognition in a sex-dependent manner.

    • Vassilis Stratoulias
    • Rocío Ruiz
    • Bertrand Joseph
    ArticleOpen Access
  • This month, Nature Neuroscience celebrates the 25th anniversary of our first issue. To mark the occasion, we reflect on the past quarter of a century of the journal and the field, and look to the future.