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This month we look at lithium-metal batteries, cadmium telluride solar cells, the electrochemical reduction of CO2, the impact of climate changes and more.  

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    • Electrolyte materials that consist of metals with organic ligands represent a promising direction for flow battery research. Now, an iron complex with the combination of bipyridine and cyanide ligands is demonstrated to have improved voltage and solubility over the commonly used ferrocyanide couple.

      • Michael P. Marshak
      News & Views
    • Algorithms determine the effectiveness of battery storage, but have so far been designed for narrow techno-economic objectives with simplified assumptions of user needs. New research considers citizen preferences and develops six battery algorithms that support local economic benefits, decarbonization and explainability.

      • Christine Milchram
      News & Views
    • Voltage losses limit the performance of organic solar cells, yet their origins are not fully understood. Now, a theoretical model encompassing electronic state hybridization and thermal population of vibrational states explains the reduced non-radiative voltage losses in efficient non-fullerene acceptor systems.

      • Natalie Banerji
      News & Views
    • The viability of electrocatalytic CO2 reduction as a pathway for CO2 utilization is contingent on developing selective processes towards high-value carbon-based chemicals. New work demonstrates a strategy to expand the possible products to carbonate esters by sequential redox cycles in a single electrochemical cell.

      • Ana Sofía Varela
      News & Views
    • Climate change impacts the production of electricity including power generated from nuclear facilities. New research published in Nature Energy reports an increase in climate-related outages over the past few decades and projects the annual energy loss for the global fleet of nuclear generators decades into the future.

      • Peter H. Larsen
      News & Views
  • Established climate mitigation scenarios assume continued economic growth in all countries, and reconcile this with the Paris targets by betting on speculative technological change. Post-growth approaches may make it easier to achieve rapid mitigation while improving social outcomes, and should be explored by climate modellers.

    • Jason Hickel
    • Paul Brockway
    • Diana Ürge-Vorsatz
  • The electrolyte is an indispensable component in any electrochemical device. In Li-ion batteries, the electrolyte development experienced a tortuous pathway closely associated with the evolution of electrode chemistries.

    • Kang Xu
    Tales of Invention
Social Dynamics of Energy Behaviour

Social Dynamics of Energy Behaviour

Energy use occurs in homes, workplaces and communities in which complex webs of social relations already exist, and social interactions routinely occur.