Latest Research

  • Article | | open

    Phase gradient metagratings suffer from limits on conversion efficiency. Here, the authors show a refractive-type metagrating which can enable anomalous reflection and refraction with almost unity efficiency over a wide incident range and uncover how integer parity plays a role in higher order diffraction.

    • Yangyang Fu
    • , Chen Shen
    • , Yanyan Cao
    • , Lei Gao
    • , Huanyang Chen
    • , C. T. Chan
    • , Steven A. Cummer
    •  & Yadong Xu
  • Article | | open

    The hydroxide anion exchange polymers are key materials of solid polymer electrolyte devices that operate under alkaline conditions. Here the authors show the rational design of such polymers that exhibit high ion exchange capacity and exceptional stability under highly caustic conditions.

    • Jiantao Fan
    • , Sapir Willdorf-Cohen
    • , Eric M. Schibli
    • , Zoe Paula
    • , Wei Li
    • , Thomas J. G. Skalski
    • , Ania Tersakian Sergeenko
    • , Amelia Hohenadel
    • , Barbara J. Frisken
    • , Emanuele Magliocca
    • , William E. Mustain
    • , Charles E. Diesendruck
    • , Dario R. Dekel
    •  & Steven Holdcroft
  • Article | | open

    It has been predicted theoretically that the density of self-propelled particles whose speed is spatially dependent should be inversely proportional to the local speed. Here the authors present a systematic check of this prediction in a system of light-activated E. coli.

    • Jochen Arlt
    • , Vincent A. Martinez
    • , Angela Dawson
    • , Teuta Pilizota
    •  & Wilson C. K. Poon
  • Article | | open

    Measuring relative frequencies of DNA double-strand breaks between loci does not provide the full physiological relevance of those breaks. Here Rowicka and colleagues present qDSB-Seq method which uses spike-in double-strand breaks induced by a restriction enzyme to accurately quantify DNA damage.

    • Yingjie Zhu
    • , Anna Biernacka
    • , Benjamin Pardo
    • , Norbert Dojer
    • , Romain Forey
    • , Magdalena Skrzypczak
    • , Bernard Fongang
    • , Jules Nde
    • , Razie Yousefi
    • , Philippe Pasero
    • , Krzysztof Ginalski
    •  & Maga Rowicka
  • Article | | open

    Modelling and visualizing tumor metastasis in Drosophila has been a challenge. Here, the authors show that constitutive expression of Sna in primary adult Drosophila intestinal tumors drives EMT and dissemination of tumor cells, induces collective cell migration and formation of polyclonal metastases.

    • Kyra Campbell
    • , Fabrizio Rossi
    • , Jamie Adams
    • , Ioanna Pitsidianaki
    • , Francisco M. Barriga
    • , Laura Garcia-Gerique
    • , Eduard Batlle
    • , Jordi Casanova
    •  & Andreu Casali
  • Article | | open

    Habitat loss could affect ecological communities in variable ways depending on its structure. Here, the authors show that contiguous rather than random loss is more damaging to the stability of multitrophic communities, regardless of the fraction of mutualistic interactions within the community.

    • Chris McWilliams
    • , Miguel Lurgi
    • , Jose M. Montoya
    • , Alix Sauve
    •  & Daniel Montoya
  • Article | | open

    Schistosoma mansoniinfection has been linked with an increased risk of HIV acquisition in women. Here, the authors show that standard S. mansoniinfection treatment causes a reduction of HIV entry into cervical and blood CD4+ T cells, which is sustained for up to two months and is associated with de-repression of IFN-I signaling. 

    • Sergey Yegorov
    • , Vineet Joag
    • , Ronald M. Galiwango
    • , Sara V. Good
    • , Juliet Mpendo
    • , Egbert Tannich
    • , Andrea K. Boggild
    • , Noah Kiwanuka
    • , Bernard S. Bagaya
    •  & Rupert Kaul
  • Article | | open

    Sacrificial templates are used for a range of different applications. Here, the authors synthesise a hyperbranched cyclodextrin polyester template with large void spaces, which is degraded in physiological conditions, and use it to create high surface area chitosan scaffolds for haemostatic applications.

    • Eric E. Leonhardt
    • , Nari Kang
    • , Mostafa A. Hamad
    • , Karen L. Wooley
    •  & Mahmoud Elsabahy
  • Article | | open

    Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungus primarily affecting immunocompromised patients. Here, the authors identify a novel mechanism of host immune stimulation and highlight candidalysin and EGFR signalling components as potential targets for prophylactic and therapeutic intervention of mucosal candidiasis.

    • Jemima Ho
    • , Xuexin Yang
    • , Spyridoula-Angeliki Nikou
    • , Nessim Kichik
    • , Andrew Donkin
    • , Nicole O. Ponde
    • , Jonathan P. Richardson
    • , Remi L. Gratacap
    • , Linda S. Archambault
    • , Christian P. Zwirner
    • , Celia Murciano
    • , Rhonda Henley-Smith
    • , Selvam Thavaraj
    • , Christopher J. Tynan
    • , Sarah L. Gaffen
    • , Bernhard Hube
    • , Robert T. Wheeler
    • , David L. Moyes
    •  & Julian R. Naglik
  • Article | | open

    Classical hydroacylation of alkenes with aldehydes is a straightforward route to ketones, however aldehyde decarbonylation is a common side-process. Here, the authors report the coupling of amides, as hydroacylating agents, and alkenes under mild, metal-free conditions to afford a wide range of ketones.

    • Jing Li
    • , Rik Oost
    • , Boris Maryasin
    • , Leticia González
    •  & Nuno Maulide
  • Article | | open

    Carbon dioxide can dissociate via different pathways depending on the amount of available energy. Here the authors investigate carbon dioxide collisions with metal substrates and observe a pathway producing molecular oxygen, which might explain the presence of oxygen in abiotic environments.

    • Yunxi Yao
    • , Philip Shushkov
    • , Thomas F. Miller III
    •  & Konstantinos P. Giapis
  • Article | | open

    Electron microscopy typically requires strong magnetic lenses in order to reach atomic resolution, prohibiting the possibility to measure magnetic materials. The authors here present a lens design that enables atomic-resolution electron microscopy of magnetic materials by providing a field-free sample region.

    • N. Shibata
    • , Y. Kohno
    • , A. Nakamura
    • , S. Morishita
    • , T. Seki
    • , A. Kumamoto
    • , H. Sawada
    • , T. Matsumoto
    • , S. D. Findlay
    •  & Y. Ikuhara
  • Article | | open

    Detailed characterization of cardiac damage following ischemia/reperfusion injury and detection of occurring inflammatory responses is important for the development of new therapeutic concepts. Here the authors present a method for the three-dimensional investigation of acute and chronic cardiac injury responses using light sheet fluorescence microscopy.

    • Simon F. Merz
    • , Sebastian Korste
    • , Lea Bornemann
    • , Lars Michel
    • , Pia Stock
    • , Anthony Squire
    • , Camille Soun
    • , Daniel R. Engel
    • , Julia Detzer
    • , Holger Lörchner
    • , Dirk M. Hermann
    • , Markus Kamler
    • , Joachim Klode
    • , Ulrike B. Hendgen-Cotta
    • , Tienush Rassaf
    • , Matthias Gunzer
    •  & Matthias Totzeck
  • Article | | open

    Although calcium signals are known to be critical for many cellular processes, how signaling elicits specific functions remains unclear. In visually striking work, Duan et al. reveal that networks of cytoplasmic nanocourses orchestrate cell activity by directing site-specific calcium signals.

    • Jingxian Duan
    • , Jorge Navarro-Dorado
    • , Jill H. Clark
    • , Nicholas P. Kinnear
    • , Peter Meinke
    • , Eric C. Schirmer
    •  & A. Mark Evans
  • Publisher Correction | | open

    • Unnur Styrkarsdottir
    • , Olafur A. Stefansson
    • , Kristbjorg Gunnarsdottir
    • , Gudmar Thorleifsson
    • , Sigrun H. Lund
    • , Lilja Stefansdottir
    • , Kristinn Juliusson
    • , Arna B. Agustsdottir
    • , Florian Zink
    • , Gisli H. Halldorsson
    • , Erna V. Ivarsdottir
    • , Stefania Benonisdottir
    • , Hakon Jonsson
    • , Arnaldur Gylfason
    • , Kristjan Norland
    • , Katerina Trajanoska
    • , Cindy G. Boer
    • , Lorraine Southam
    • , Jason C. S. Leung
    • , Nelson L. S. Tang
    • , Timothy C. Y. Kwok
    • , Jenny S. W. Lee
    • , Suzanne C. Ho
    • , Inger Byrjalsen
    • , Jacqueline R. Center
    • , Seung Hun Lee
    • , Jung-Min Koh
    • , L. Stefan Lohmander
    • , Lan T. Ho-Pham
    • , Tuan V. Nguyen
    • , John A. Eisman
    • , Jean Woo
    • , Ping-C. Leung
    • , John Loughlin
    • , Eleftheria Zeggini
    • , Claus Christiansen
    • , Fernando Rivadeneira
    • , Joyce van Meurs
    • , Andre G. Uitterlinden
    • , Brynjolfur Mogensen
    • , Helgi Jonsson
    • , Thorvaldur Ingvarsson
    • , Gunnar Sigurdsson
    • , Rafn Benediktsson
    • , Patrick Sulem
    • , Ingileif Jonsdottir
    • , Gisli Masson
    • , Hilma Holm
    • , Gudmundur L. Norddahl
    • , Unnur Thorsteinsdottir
    • , Daniel F. Gudbjartsson
    •  & Kari Stefansson
  • Article | | open

    The authors identify circular RNAs (circRNA) from human papillomavirus and show that circRNA-encoded E7 contributes to cancer cell growth in vitro and in tumor xenografts. Furthermore, circE7 is present in TCGA RNA-Seq data from HPV-positive cancers.

    • Jiawei Zhao
    • , Eunice E. Lee
    • , Jiwoong Kim
    • , Rong Yang
    • , Bahir Chamseddin
    • , Chunyang Ni
    • , Elona Gusho
    • , Yang Xie
    • , Cheng-Ming Chiang
    • , Michael Buszczak
    • , Xiaowei Zhan
    • , Laimonis Laimins
    •  & Richard C. Wang
  • Article | | open

    Some next-generation computing may be based in physical systems that respond directly and reciprocally to environmental stimuli. Here, the authors describe a photoresponsive material that autonomously performs computations with incident beams of incoherent white light.

    • Alexander D. Hudson
    • , Matthew R. Ponte
    • , Fariha Mahmood
    • , Thomas Pena Ventura
    •  & Kalaichelvi Saravanamuttu
  • Article | | open

    High-speed electrostatic micromotors with low energy consumption are attractive for small-scale electromechanical systems, but applications are limited by power supplies. Here the authors use a triboelectric nanogenerator for actuation of a high-speed micromotor by low-frequency mechanical stimuli.

    • Hang Yang
    • , Yaokun Pang
    • , Tianzhao Bu
    • , Wenbo Liu
    • , Jianjun Luo
    • , Dongdong Jiang
    • , Chi Zhang
    •  & Zhong Lin Wang
  • Article | | open

    Hedgehog (Hh) controls embryonic development via interaction with its receptor Patched (Ptch). Here the authors report the cryo-EM structure of tetrameric Ptch1 in complex with the palmitoylated N-terminal signaling domain of human Sonic hedgehog (ShhNp) at a 4:2 stoichiometric ratio.

    • Hongwu Qian
    • , Pingping Cao
    • , Miaohui Hu
    • , Shuai Gao
    • , Nieng Yan
    •  & Xin Gong
  • Article | | open

    Studying the electronic structures and spin transitions of synthetic heme analogs is crucial to advancing our understanding of heme enzyme mechanisms. Here the authors show that a Co(II) porphyrin complex undergoes an unexpected spin state transition upon deprotonation of its axial imidazole ligand.

    • Jianping Zhao
    • , Qian Peng
    • , Zijian Wang
    • , Wei Xu
    • , Hongyan Xiao
    • , Qi Wu
    • , Hao-Ling Sun
    • , Fang Ma
    • , Jiyong Zhao
    • , Cheng-Jun Sun
    • , Jianzhang Zhao
    •  & Jianfeng Li
  • Article | | open

    Though organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with electroluminescence at sub-bandgap voltages have been reported, realizing high efficiency in such a device is difficult. Here, the authors report high efficiency sub-bandgap OLEDs featuring organic molecules with large singlet-triplet splitting.

    • Amin Salehi
    • , Chen Dong
    • , Dong-Hun Shin
    • , Liping Zhu
    • , Christopher Papa
    • , Anh Thy Bui
    • , Felix N. Castellano
    •  & Franky So
  • Article | | open

    An individual’s pattern of resting state brain connectivity, as measured with fMRI, has been shown to predict cognitive and behavioral traits. Here, the authors show that different traits are predicted by different time-scales of resting state activity (dynamic vs. static).

    • Raphaël Liégeois
    • , Jingwei Li
    • , Ru Kong
    • , Csaba Orban
    • , Dimitri Van De Ville
    • , Tian Ge
    • , Mert R. Sabuncu
    •  & B. T. Thomas Yeo
  • Article | | open

    Some atomically thin crystals feature crystallographic anisotropy, but demonstrations of electrical anisotropy are scarce. Here, the authors show that the electrical conductivity of few-layered GaTe along the x and y directions can be widely gate tuned up to 103, and demonstrate anisotropic non-volatile memory behavior.

    • Hanwen Wang
    • , Mao-Lin Chen
    • , Mengjian Zhu
    • , Yaning Wang
    • , Baojuan Dong
    • , Xingdan Sun
    • , Xiaorong Zhang
    • , Shimin Cao
    • , Xiaoxi Li
    • , Jianqi Huang
    • , Lei Zhang
    • , Weilai Liu
    • , Dongming Sun
    • , Yu Ye
    • , Kepeng Song
    • , Jianjian Wang
    • , Yu Han
    • , Teng Yang
    • , Huaihong Guo
    • , Chengbing Qin
    • , Liantuan Xiao
    • , Jing Zhang
    • , Jianhao Chen
    • , Zheng Han
    •  & Zhidong Zhang
  • Article | | open

    Induction of complex homochiral architectures by chiral transformation in a mixed enantiomer system has remained largely elusive. Here, the authors report a chirality dominance effect which induces homochiral suprastructures of calcium carbonate by a mixed, heterochiral nonracemic amino acid enantiomer system.

    • Wenge Jiang
    • , Dimitra Athanasiadou
    • , Shaodong Zhang
    • , Raffaella Demichelis
    • , Katarzyna B. Koziara
    • , Paolo Raiteri
    • , Valentin Nelea
    • , Wenbo Mi
    • , Jun-An Ma
    • , Julian D. Gale
    •  & Marc D. McKee
  • Article | | open

    Histone methyltransferase MLL4 is a transcriptional regulator. Here the authors identify the PHD6 finger of MLL4 as a selective reader of the epigenetic modification H4K16ac and show that a subset of MLL4 chromatin binding sites overlap with H4K16ac-enriched regions, which depends on MOF activity.

    • Yi Zhang
    • , Younghoon Jang
    • , Ji-Eun Lee
    • , JaeWoo Ahn
    • , Longxia Xu
    • , Michael R. Holden
    • , Evan M. Cornett
    • , Krzysztof Krajewski
    • , Brianna J. Klein
    • , Shu-Ping Wang
    • , Yali Dou
    • , Robert G. Roeder
    • , Brian D. Strahl
    • , Scott B. Rothbart
    • , Xiaobing Shi
    • , Kai Ge
    •  & Tatiana G. Kutateladze
  • Article | | open

    Morphological and molecular data have led to conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses for the Chelicerata. Here, the authors reconstruct the phylogeny of the Chelicerata using genomic-scale datasets, finding evidence for a monophyletic Acari and a single terrestrialisation of Arachnida.

    • Jesus Lozano-Fernandez
    • , Alastair R. Tanner
    • , Mattia Giacomelli
    • , Robert Carton
    • , Jakob Vinther
    • , Gregory D. Edgecombe
    •  & Davide Pisani
  • Article | | open

    Domesticated maize and some varieties of wild teosinte grow in close proximity in parts of Mexico but rarely cross-fertilize. Here the authors show that a pistil-expressed pectin methylesterase, encoded by a gene within the Teosinte crossing barrier1-s haplotype, prevents fertilization of these teosintes by incompatible pollen.

    • Yongxian Lu
    • , Samuel A. Hokin
    • , Jerry L. Kermicle
    • , Thomas Hartwig
    •  & Mathew M. S. Evans
  • Article | | open

    CENP-A histone variants replace histones H3 at centromeres. Here the authors use a single-chain antibody fragment (scFv) to stabilize human CENP-A nucleosome containing a native α-satellite DNA and solved its structure by cryo-EM to 2.6 Å resolution, providing insight into the structure and function of the CENP-A nucleosome.

    • Bing-Rui Zhou
    • , K. N. Sathish Yadav
    • , Mario Borgnia
    • , Jingjun Hong
    • , Baohua Cao
    • , Ada L. Olins
    • , Donald E. Olins
    • , Yawen Bai
    •  & Ping Zhang
  • Article | | open

    Little is known about mechanisms that regulate the involvement of cortical engram cells in remote memory. Here, authors demonstrate that memory consolidation by mPFC engram cells requires CREB-mediated transcription, with the functionality of this network hub being gated by memory strength.

    • Mariana R. Matos
    • , Esther Visser
    • , Ioannis Kramvis
    • , Rolinka J. van der Loo
    • , Titia Gebuis
    • , Robbert Zalm
    • , Priyanka Rao-Ruiz
    • , Huibert D. Mansvelder
    • , August B. Smit
    •  & Michel C. van den Oever
  • Article | | open

    Scientific progress relies on integrating and building on existing knowledge. Here, the authors propose improving cumulative science by developing data-driven ontologies, and they apply this approach to understanding the construct of self-regulation.

    • Ian W. Eisenberg
    • , Patrick G. Bissett
    • , A. Zeynep Enkavi
    • , Jamie Li
    • , David P. MacKinnon
    • , Lisa A. Marsch
    •  & Russell A. Poldrack
  • Article | | open

    Samarium hexaboride has unusual electronic properties that have been suggested to arise from topological effects. Here the authors present spin-resolved ARPES measurements of the (111) surface and observe surface states that may give insight into the bulk topological properties.

    • Yoshiyuki Ohtsubo
    • , Yuki Yamashita
    • , Kenta Hagiwara
    • , Shin-ichiro Ideta
    • , Kiyohisa Tanaka
    • , Ryu Yukawa
    • , Koji Horiba
    • , Hiroshi Kumigashira
    • , Koji Miyamoto
    • , Taichi Okuda
    • , Wataru Hirano
    • , Fumitoshi Iga
    •  & Shin-ichi Kimura
  • Article | | open

    Chromatin looping allows for enhancer–promoter interactions that regulate transcription. Here the authors show that activation of embryonic myogenesis is associated with establishment of long-range chromatin interactions centred on Pax3-bound loci and find that Ldb1 functions as the mediator of looping interactions at a subset of Pax3 binding sites.

    • Alessandro Magli
    • , June Baik
    • , Pruthvi Pota
    • , Carolina Ortiz Cordero
    • , Il-Youp Kwak
    • , Daniel J. Garry
    • , Paul E. Love
    • , Brian D. Dynlacht
    •  & Rita C. R. Perlingeiro
  • Article | | open

    Robust and fast control of the atomic vapor pressure in alkali vapor cells would greatly extend their use for many quantum technologies. Here, the authors exploit plasmonic absorption in a cell coating containing gold nanoparticles to control the vapor pressure with milliseconds response time.

    • Kristina R. Rusimova
    • , Dimitar Slavov
    • , Fabienne Pradaux-Caggiano
    • , Joel T. Collins
    • , Sergey N. Gordeev
    • , David R. Carbery
    • , William J. Wadsworth
    • , Peter J. Mosley
    •  & Ventsislav K. Valev
  • Article | | open

    Two-dimensional materials are promising for electrochemical storage and conversion, but are somewhat limited in composition. Here the authors use a computational strategy to predict the existence of a layered boride material, which they synthesize and demonstrate prospective for use as an anode material.

    • Junjie Wang
    • , Tian-Nan Ye
    • , Yutong Gong
    • , Jiazhen Wu
    • , Nanxi Miao
    • , Tomofumi Tada
    •  & Hideo Hosono
  • Article | | open

    Dynamic topological phenomena remain challenging to be probed experimentally. Here, Wang et al. theoretically characterize and experimentally detect dynamical skyrmions in parity‐time‐symmetric non‐unitary quench dynamics in single‐photon discrete‐time quantum walks.

    • Kunkun Wang
    • , Xingze Qiu
    • , Lei Xiao
    • , Xiang Zhan
    • , Zhihao Bian
    • , Barry C. Sanders
    • , Wei Yi
    •  & Peng Xue
  • Article | | open

    Social life requires us to store information about each person’s unique disposition. Here, the authors show that the brain represents people as the sums of the mental states that those people are believed to experience.

    • Mark A. Thornton
    • , Miriam E. Weaverdyck
    •  & Diana I. Tamir
  • Article | | open

    Active nematics consist of elongated self-driven units and can emerge in bacterial systems. Here the authors investigate such emergence in a growing bacterial biofilm and demonstrate that localized stress and mechanical instabilities drive the formation of large-scale order.

    • Yusuf Ilker Yaman
    • , Esin Demir
    • , Roman Vetter
    •  & Askin Kocabas
  • Article | | open

    We make decisions with varying degrees of confidence and, if our confidence in a decision falls, we may change our mind. Here, the authors present a neuronal circuit model to account for how change of mind occurs under particular low-confidence conditions.

    • Nadim A. A. Atiya
    • , Iñaki Rañó
    • , Girijesh Prasad
    •  & KongFatt Wong-Lin
  • Article | | open

    The wheat Pm3 immune receptors confer resistance against powdery mildew by recognizing isolate-specific avirulence (AVR) effectors of the pathogen. Here, the authors identify and characterize two new AVR genes and demonstrate that Pm3 receptors are determinants of host-specificity for grass mildews.

    • Salim Bourras
    • , Lukas Kunz
    • , Minfeng Xue
    • , Coraline Rosalie Praz
    • , Marion Claudia Müller
    • , Carol Kälin
    • , Michael Schläfli
    • , Patrick Ackermann
    • , Simon Flückiger
    • , Francis Parlange
    • , Fabrizio Menardo
    • , Luisa Katharina Schaefer
    • , Roi Ben-David
    • , Stefan Roffler
    • , Simone Oberhaensli
    • , Victoria Widrig
    • , Stefan Lindner
    • , Jonatan Isaksson
    • , Thomas Wicker
    • , Dazhao Yu
    •  & Beat Keller
  • Article | | open

    Molecular switches that can access more than just a few states are difficult to realize. Here, the authors use scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy to show that a surface-bound Li@C60 endofullerene can be switched between 14 molecular states—distinguished by the location of the Li atom inside the fullerene cage—by resonant tunnelling through the superatom molecular orbitals.

    • Henry J. Chandler
    • , Minas Stefanou
    • , Eleanor E. B. Campbell
    •  & Renald Schaub
  • Article | | open

    The growth of oriented crystalline metal–organic frameworks is desirable to exploit their surface area and porosity, but has proven difficult. Here the authors fabricate highly-oriented and simultaneously activated free-standing MOFs by an acoustically driven microcentrifugation platform.

    • Heba Ahmed
    • , Amgad R. Rezk
    • , Joseph J. Richardson
    • , Lauren K. Macreadie
    • , Ravichandar Babarao
    • , Edwin L. H. Mayes
    • , Lillian Lee
    •  & Leslie Y. Yeo
  • Article | | open

    Sustained sperm production is dependent on activity of undifferentiated spermatogonia. Here, the authors demonstrate an essential role for RNA helicase DDX5 in maintenance of spermatogonia in adults through control of gene transcription plus RNA processing and export.

    • Julien M. D. Legrand
    • , Ai-Leen Chan
    • , Hue M. La
    • , Fernando J. Rossello
    • , Minna-Liisa Änkö
    • , Frances V. Fuller-Pace
    •  & Robin M. Hobbs
  • Article | | open

    Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves and plasma instabilities can be studied during solar flares. Here the authors show evidence for an MHD sausage mode oscillation periodically triggering electron acceleration at a magnetic null point in the solar corona, indicating MHD oscillations in plasma can indirectly lead to loss-cone instability modulation.

    • Eoin P. Carley
    • , Laura A. Hayes
    • , Sophie A. Murray
    • , Diana E. Morosan
    • , Warren Shelley
    • , Nicole Vilmer
    •  & Peter T. Gallagher
  • Article | | open

    The role of fungi in the biogeochemical cycling of gold remains unclear. Here the authors show that fungi can initiate gold oxidation under supergene conditions, thereby impacting gold mobilisation and secondary deposit formation in terrestrial environments.

    • Tsing Bohu
    • , Ravi Anand
    • , Ryan Noble
    • , Mel Lintern
    • , Anna H. Kaksonen
    • , Yuan Mei
    • , Ka Yu Cheng
    • , Xiao Deng
    • , Jean-Pierre Veder
    • , Michael Bunce
    • , Matthew Power
    •  & Mike Verrall
  • Article | | open

    Animal diversity, measured in numbers of species, is rapidly being lost to extinction. Here, Cooke et al. show that the diversity of ecological strategies employed by land mammals and birds is also expected to narrow towards small, fecund, insect-eating generalists with fast-paced life histories.

    • Robert S. C. Cooke
    • , Felix Eigenbrod
    •  & Amanda E. Bates
  • Article | | open

    Here, the authors determine the respiratory virome and serum cytokine profile in children diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) and show that relative abundance of Propionibacterium phages as well as serum levels of TIMP-1 and PDGF-BB are increased in multiple ARTIs compared with single ARTI.

    • Yanpeng Li
    • , Xuemin Fu
    • , Jinmin Ma
    • , Jianhui Zhang
    • , Yihong Hu
    • , Wei Dong
    • , Zhenzhou Wan
    • , Qiongfang Li
    • , Yi-Qun Kuang
    • , Ke Lan
    • , Xia Jin
    • , Jian-Hua Wang
    •  & Chiyu Zhang
  • Article | | open

    The determination of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) orders by the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) is one of the key components to the AFM-spintronics. Here the authors report enhanced AMR ~160% in Sr2IrO4 due to the combination of atomic scale giant-MR-like effect and magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy.

    • Haowen Wang
    • , Chengliang Lu
    • , Jun Chen
    • , Yong Liu
    • , S. L. Yuan
    • , Sang-Wook Cheong
    • , Shuai Dong
    •  & Jun-Ming Liu
  • Article | | open

    While hydrogen as a renewable fuel can be produced from water, there is a scarcity of metal-free materials that serve as effective electrocatalysts. Here, authors functionalize carbon fiber cloth with amides to improve hydrogen evolution activities in both acid and alkaline water.

    • Yurui Xue
    • , Lan Hui
    • , Huidi Yu
    • , Yuxin Liu
    • , Yan Fang
    • , Bolong Huang
    • , Yingjie Zhao
    • , Zhibo Li
    •  & Yuliang Li