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  • Discoveries of persistent coastal species in the open ocean shift our understanding of biogeographic barriers. Floating plastic debris from pollution now supports a novel sea surface community composed of coastal and oceanic species at sea that might portend significant ecological shifts in the marine environment.

    • Linsey E. Haram
    • James T. Carlton
    • Gregory M. Ruiz
    Comment Open Access
  • In this opinion piece, we discuss why computational tools to limit the identifiability of genomic data are a promising avenue for privacy-preservation and legal compliance. Even where these technologies do not eliminate all residual risk of individual identification, the law may still consider such data anonymised.

    • Alexander Bernier
    • Hanshi Liu
    • Bartha Maria Knoppers
    Comment Open Access
  • Developing more productive and sustainable crops will be essential to achieving food security in coming decades. A core process in plant evolution has been the transfer of chloroplast-encoded genes to the nuclear genome. We propose reverting this process as a new approach to improve plant disease resistance and photosynthesis in future crops.

    • Briardo Llorente
    • María Eugenia Segretin
    • Nicolás E. Blanco
    Comment Open Access
  • An outcome of phage infection, lateral transduction, has been shown to mobilize chromosomal genes between bacterial cells at rates that exceed those of mobile genetic elements such as plasmids. Does this mean that the bacterial chromosome should be considered a mobile genetic element?

    • James P. J. Hall
    Comment Open Access
  • While the technological revolution is accelerating, digital poverty is undermining the Sustainable Development Goals. This article introduces a justice-oriented digital framework which considers how fair access to digital capabilities, commodities, infrastructure, and governance can reduce global inequality and advance the SDGs.

    • Katriona O’Sullivan
    • Serena Clark
    • Malcolm MacLachlan
    Comment Open Access
  • The pandemic has caused disruption to many aspects of scientific research. In this Comment the authors describe the findings from surveys of scientists between April 2020 and January 2021, which suggests there was a decline in new projects started in that time.

    • Jian Gao
    • Yian Yin
    • Dashun Wang
    Comment Open Access
  • The logistical and practical challenges of supplying food for long-term space missions are substantial. In this comment, the authors discuss potential biotechnological approaches that could be used to aid the production of food crops in space.

    • Yongming Liu
    • Gengxin Xie
    • Maozhi Ren
    Comment Open Access
  • Single atom catalysts hold the potential to significantly impact the chemical and energy industrial sectors. This editorial introduces the state of the field along with a collection of Articles and Comments that encapsulate the ongoing efforts of the research community in this field.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is a cause of disease for millions around the world and now more than ever urgent action is required to tackle the burden of its impacts. Doing so will not only improve both life expectancy and quality of life, but will also lead to a more just and sustainable world.

    Editorial Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Dr Audrey de Nazelle, an expert in air pollution risk assessment and exposure science at Imperial College London, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution and the associated health impacts affect millions of people around the world. In this Q&A, Professor Haikun Wang, an expert on the health risks of air pollution and climate change at Nanjing University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Air pollution is an environmental and health concern affecting millions globally every day. Professor Denise Mauzerall, an expert in air pollution and climate change at Princeton University, shares with Nature Communications their thoughts on the impacts of air pollution and the policies needed to tackle emissions.

    Q&A Open Access
  • Partnerships between academic investigators and industry can accelerate the translation of research findings into life-saving products. The healthcare industry has witnessed heightened interest from universities in capitalizing on the discoveries made by faculty to create intellectual property, form new companies and seek investments. However, academic investigators and even Biotechnology start-ups may be unfamiliar with how industry sources and evaluates these opportunities. In this Comment, we share the approaches and principles by which a large healthcare company sources innovation and assesses opportunities to serve as a guide to better deal making with the goal of improving health for humanity.

    • William N. Hait
    • Paulus Stoffels
    Comment Open Access
  • More and more clinical studies include potentially sensitive human proteomics or metabolomics datasets, but bioinformatics resources for managing the access to these data are not yet available. This commentary discusses current best practices and future perspectives for the responsible handling of clinical proteomics and metabolomics data.

    • Thomas M. Keane
    • Claire O’Donovan
    • Juan Antonio Vizcaíno
    Comment Open Access
  • A bank of 59 well-characterised prostate cancer patient-derived xenografts was established, including 17 classed as research-ready covering the disease-spectrum which, plus associated resources (organoids, serum, DNA/RNA profiles, tissue), are available for collaborative projects. This eagerly-anticipated resource will facilitate pre-clinical prostate cancer therapy studies.

    • Charlotte L. Bevan
    Comment Open Access
  • Microglia are brain resident immune cells with multiple functions. However, little is known about microglia-vascular interactions. In a recent paper published in Nature Communications, Bisht et al. identify a signalling mechanism that attracts and maintains microglia at the capillary wall. Moreover, they show that microglia regulate capillary vascular tone, playing a more significant role in blood flow regulation than previously thought.

    • Kassandra Kisler
    • Angeliki Maria Nikolakopoulou
    • Berislav V. Zlokovic
    Comment Open Access